Mungbam language

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Mungbam
Native toCameroon
Native speakers
1,900 (2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3mij
Glottologabar1238[2]

Mungbam is a Southern Bantoid language of Cameroon. It is traditionally classified as a Western Beboid language, but that has not been demonstrated to be a valid family.

The language is spoken in five villages, Abar, Missong, Munken, Ngun, and Za’ (Biya); speakers of each of these consider their speech to be distinct, so there is no name for the language as a whole. The village names Abar and Missong are sometimes used. The name "Mungbam" is a quasi-acronym of the village names. Good (2009) suggests using the word for 'mouth', Fən, as a name for the language, since that word is not shared with other Beboid languages, but as of 2012 supported 'Mungbam'.[3]

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Labial Dental Alveolo-Palatal Palatal Velar Labiovelar Glottal
Plosive (p) b   t d   k g kp gb
Fricative f s sh[C] h
Affricate ts dz c [tC] j [dý]
Nasal m n ny   ŋ
Liquid l
Glide ɥ y w

Vowels[edit]

Vowel inventories for each dialect are listed below.[4]

Abar
Front Central Back
High i

e

u

o

Mid ɪ

ɛ

(ə) ʊ
Low a
Ngun
Front Central Back
High i

e

u

o

Mid ɪ

ɛ

(ə) ʊ

ɔ

Low a
Munken
Front Central Back
High i u

o

Mid e

ɛ

(ə) ɔ
Low a
Missong
Front Central Back
High i u

o

Mid e

ɛ

ə o͡a

ɔ

Low a
Biya
Front Central Back
High i

e

u

o

Mid ɪ

e͡a

ə ɔ
Low a


References[edit]

  1. ^ Mungbam at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mungbam". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "The languages of the Lower Fungom region of Cameroon: Grammatical overview" (PDF). www.acsu.buffalo.edu. Retrieved 2018-12-13.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]