Voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant

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Voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant
ɕ
IPA number 182
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɕ
Unicode (hex) U+0255
X-SAMPA s\
Kirshenbaum S;
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14)
Sound

The voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some oral languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɕ ("c", plus the curl also found in its voiced counterpart ʑ).

Although the voiceless alveolo-palatal non-sibilant fricative has not been reported to occur in any language, it can be represented in the IPA as either ç͇ or ç̟.

Features[edit]

alveolo-palatal sibilant fricatives [ɕ, ʑ]

Features of the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe щы About this sound [ɕə]  'three'
Catalan Eastern and Majorcan[1] caixa [ˈkaɕə] 'box' See Catalan phonology
Chinese Mandarin 西安/Xī'ān About this sound [ɕí.án]  'Xi'an' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/. See Mandarin phonology
Chuvash çиçĕм [ˈɕiɕ̬əm] 'lightning' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/.
Danish sjæl [ɕeˀl] 'soul' See Danish phonology
Dutch Some speakers sjabloon [ɕäˈbloːn] 'template' May be [ʃ] or [sʲ] instead. See Dutch phonology
Guarani Paraguayan che [ɕɛ] 'I'
Japanese[2] /shio [ɕi.o] 'salt' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian щэ About this sound [ɕa]  'hundred'
Korean /si [ɕi] 'poem' See Korean phonology
Lower Sorbian[3] pśijaśel [ˈpɕijäɕɛl] 'friend'
Norwegian sjel [ɕe:l] 'soul' See Norwegian phonology
Pashto Wazirwola dialect لښکي [ˈləɕki] 'little, slight'
Polish[4] śruba About this sound [ˈɕrubä]  'screw' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/. See Polish phonology
Portuguese[5] Brazilian mexendo [me̞ˈɕẽ̞du] 'stirring', 'disturbing' Allophonic variation of /ʃ/. Contrasts with other sibilants only in onset. Argued both to be laminal [ʃ],[6] and generally produced "in the middle of the hard palate",[5] same of fellow alveolo-palatal [l̠ʲ] and [n̠ʲ],[7] and further palatalized than Italian post-alveolars.[8] Found in coda mainly before fricative, coronal and palatalized consonants in Brazil.[9][10] See Portuguese phonology
European (?) mesclas [ˈmɛɕklɐɕ] 'mixtures'
Carioca
Many Brazilian dialects estatísticas [i̥ɕtɐˈtɕiɕtɕikɐs] 'statistics'
Some speakers [i̥stɐˈtɕiɕːikɐs]
Romanian Transylvanian dialects[11] ce [ɕɛ] 'what' Realized as [] in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
Russian счастьe About this sound [ˈɕːæsʲtʲjə]  'happiness' Also represented by щ. Contrasts with /ʂ/, /s/, and /sʲ/. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian Croatian[12] miš će [mîɕ t͡ɕe̞] 'the mouse will' Allophone of /ʃ/ before /t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ/.[12] See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Some speakers of Montenegrin śutra [ɕutra] 'tomorrow' Phonemically /sj/ or, in some cases, /s/.
Swedish Finland sjok [ɕuːk] 'chunk' Allophone of /ɧ/.
Sweden kjol About this sound [ɕuːl]  'skirt' See Swedish phonology
Tibetan Lhasa dialect བཞི་ [ɕi˨˧] 'four' Contrasts with /ʂ/.
Uzbek[13] [example needed]
Yi /xi [ɕi˧] 'thread'

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]