State Meteorological Agency
|Agencia Estatal de Meteorología|
|Formed||August 18, 1887|
|Annual budget||€ 124 million, 2021|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Environment|
The State Meteorological Agency (AEMET) is an agency of the Government of Spain responsible for providing weather forecast, warnings of hazardous weather and assisting the administrations with tasks over civil defence and state defence and security. The AEMET is part of the Secretariat of State for Environment of the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and is headquartered in the University City, Madrid. The agency was known as Central Institute of Meteorology from 1887 to 1978 and National Institute of Meteorology from 1978 to 2008 when it adopted its current name.
The AEMET performs its task through a collection of data from its network of centers. The agency has centers distributed through the regions and it has offices in almost every airport and air force base. In addition, there are synoptic observatories spread throughout the Spanish geography.
It represents Spain in international meteorological institutions, such as the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF).
It was founded in 1887 as the "Instituto Central Meteorológico" by Royal Decree of August 12 and it was part of the Directorate-General for Public Instruction of the Ministry of Development. As stated in the founding Decree, the Institute had to "especially calculate and announce the probable time to the ports and capitals of the province, without prejudice to the other scientific and practical work entrusted to it." The creation of the agency was promoted by the Development Minister Carlos Navarro Rodrigo and Francisco Giner de los Ríos, founder of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza, in an attempt to correct the country's delayed development of modern science. It was the first institution dedicated to the meteorological service in Spain. Its first director was the scientific Augusto Arcimís who remained in office until 1910. The first headquarters of the Institute was the Castle building in the Retiro Park, Madrid.
With different denominations and organic ascriptions, this agency has been playing the role of "National Meteorological Service" since its creation. During the Second Republic, in 1933, it became dependent on the Directorate-General for Aeronautics of the Ministry of War. After the Civil War, in 1940, all the meteorological services were unified in the renowned "National Meteorological Service", which was attached to the Ministry of Air. In 1962 a new building was inaugurated in the University City of Madrid that in the 70s assumed the central services.
In the democratic period, a new restructuring took place in 1978, when it was renamed the National Institute of Meteorology (INM) and became dependent on the Ministry of Transport and Communications. The second and last restructuring of the agency happened in 2008, when the National Meteorological Institute was renamed State Meteorological Agency and it assumed all the goods and responsibilities of it.
Activities and resources
AEMET's main task is "to develop, implement and provide meteorological services falling within the competences of the State, as well as to give support to other public and private activities which improve the safety and quality of life of the Spanish society".
Its activities include, among others, taking meteorological observations in Spain and archiving them, weather monitoring and forecasting, and doing scientific research in numerical weather prediction models.
To accomplish these tasks AEMET has at its disposal high computing power and a vast observation network, including manned and automatic weather stations, radiosondes, weather radar and lightning detectors.
- "State Budget 2021" (PDF).
- "2008 Statute of the State Meteorological Agency". www.boe.es. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- "Royal Decree creating the Central Meteorological Institute. 1887" (PDF).
- "Breve historia de la AEMET" (PDF). www.boe.es. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- Albert Carreras, Xavier Tafunell (2005). Estadísticas históricas de España: siglos XIX-XX. p. 43.
- AEMET resources Archived April 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine