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Ahed Tamimi

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Ahed Tamimi
20180807 Ahed Tamimi West Bank Palestine 2.jpg
Tamimi in 2018
Native name عهد التميمي
Born (2001-01-31) 31 January 2001 (age 17)[1]
Nabi Salih, West Bank, Palestinian territories
Known for Activism
Parent(s) Bassem (father)
Nariman (mother)

Ahed Tamimi (Arabic: عهد التميمي‘Ahad at-Tamīmī, also Romanized Ahd; born 31 January 2001[1]) is a Palestinian activist from the village of Nabi Salih in the occupied West Bank. She is best known for appearances in images and videos in which she confronts Israeli soldiers. Tamimi's supporters consider her a symbol of resistance against Israeli occupation in the West Bank, and a courageous advocate for Palestinian independence; her detractors argue her acts are staged performances aimed at discrediting Israel.

In December 2017, she was detained by Israeli authorities for slapping a soldier. The incident was recorded on video and went viral, sparking international interest and debate. Tamimi was sentenced to eight months in prison after agreeing to a plea bargain, and released on 29 July 2018.[2]

Early life

Ahed Tamimi was born on 31 January 2001[1] to Bassem and Nariman Tamimi in Nabi Salih, a small village located about 20 kilometers (12.4 mi) northwest of Ramallah in the West Bank, Palestinian territories. The Tamimi family arrived in the village from Hebron in the 1600s and about 600 of its inhabitants are related by blood or marriage.[3][4]

Tamimi belongs to a second generation of Palestinian children who have grown up under conditions of occupation.[5] She aspired to be a lawyer as a young girl.[6] To protect Tamimi from harassment, her family relocated her to a relative's home in Ramallah. There, she continued her secondary education and could avoid the danger of passing through Israeli checkpoints en route.[7] By her father's estimate, the family home, which had been slated for demolition in 2010 just prior to the village's adoption of its weekly protests, has been subjected to some 150 military raids as of late 2017.[7]

Activism

The Tamimis were involved in protests and political agitation, demonstrating their opposition to the expansion of Israeli settlements and detention of Palestinians.[8] Tamimi shares similar convictions to her family's and commentators have been polarised in their assessment of her. She believes documented, organized protests against the Israeli occupation will lead to wider recognition of the Palestinian struggle for autonomy; her viral images and videos have produced a wave of public reactions in Israel and Palestine, as well as internationally.[3][9]

At 11 years old, Tamimi was commended for her courage by the Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas for attempting to intervene during her mother's arrest in August 2012.[10] By 2012, she had become an internationally recognized figure; as an Israeli soldier arrested her older brother, Tamimi confronted him while waving a fist, a scene that went viral and earned her an invitation to visit Turkey from then-Prime Minister of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.[9] She gained recognition once more three years later, after being filmed biting and striking a masked Israeli soldier who was apprehending her brother for throwing stones.[8][11]

In December 2016, the US denied Tamimi a visa for a speaking tour titled "No Child Behind Bars/Living Resistance".[12]

Slapping incident

On 15 December 2017, Tamimi took part in a demonstration in Nabi Salih opposing the expansion of Israeli settlements near her village. The protest turned violent when around 200 of the demonstrators threw stones at Israeli soldiers; the soldiers organized to quell the unrest and entered the Tamimi house to subdue protesters who, according to the army, continued to throw stones from inside the house.[13] According to the Tamimi family, during the protest her 15-year-old cousin Mohammed Tamimi was shot in the head at close range with a rubber-coated steel bullet, severely wounding him.[14] In response, Tamimi, along with her mother and cousin Nour, approached the two soldiers outside the Tamimi home, and were filmed slapping, kicking, and shoving them; the soldiers did not retaliate.[13][15]

Her cousin was put in a medically induced coma to treat his head injury, and regained consciousness a few days later.[16] Footage of the incident was uploaded to Nariman Tamimi's Facebook page and went viral. Days later, on 19 December Tamimi was arrested in a nighttime raid.[17][18][19] Despite concerns about the use of military court for a minor who may have been singled out for "embarrassing the occupation", thirteen days later Tamimi was charged with assault, incitement, and throwing stones; her mother and Nour joined her, having been arrested in relation to the incident.[20] Her mother was also charged with incitement and assault after posting a video of Tamimi urging stabbing attacks and suicide bombings against Israel.[21] The case drew global attention and spurred debate over the soldiers' restraint in Palestinian and Israeli societies. The Israeli military was sharply criticized by the international community, and rallies in support of Tamimi occurred in major cities throughout North America and Europe.[22][23]

On 24 March 2018, Tamimi agreed to a plea bargain with prosecutors whereby she would serve eight months in prison and pay a 5,000-shekel ($1,437) fine. As part of the agreement, she pleaded guilty to one count of assault, one count of incitement, and two counts—‌unrelated to the December 2017 incident—‌of obstructing soldiers.[24][25][26] While in prison, Tamimi earned her high school degree; she was released on 29 July, resolving to study law and “hold the occupation accountable”.[2][27] A mural of Tamimi on the Separation Wall was completed by two Italian artists—including Jorit Agoch—as an act of homage to coincide with her release. Both artists were arrested and forced to leave Israel.[28][29][30]

Analysis

Tamimi has been described as one of the new symbols of Palestinian resistance to Israeli military occupation in the West Bank.[9][31][32] Many Palestinians have protested their living conditions but Tamimi is one of the few internationally recognized figures of the cause.[31] She is credited with energizing Palestinians demoralized by years of Israeli settlement building and bringing renewed attention to Israel's occupation of the West Bank;[33] her case also highlighted Israel’s mistreatment of Palestinian minors.[34][35][36] Ben Ehrenreich, a journalist who documented the Tamimi family in 2012, saw her physical appearance as a factor in her celebrity; "A great deal of work goes into ‘othering’ Palestinians," he wrote, "to casting them as some really recognizable other."[9] Ehrenreich continued: "when suddenly the kid [Tamimi] doesn’t fit into those stereotypes—when she actually looks like a European kid or an American kid—then suddenly all that work of dehumanization can’t function."[9]

Tamimi's detractors consider her actions staged performances aimed at discrediting Israel.[3][8] She and her family have been heavily denounced in Israel as "terrorist sympathizers".[33] Others, including Israeli parliamentarian Michael Oren, accuse her of dressing up in "American clothes" to provoke responses from soldiers.[9] Some Palestinians also suggest that the video may have hurt their cause by showing the soldiers behaving passively.[37]

Documentary

Jesse Roberts of Rise Up International and Jesse Locke of AMZ Productions filmed a documentary, Radiance Of Resistance, that featured the then 14-year-old Tamimi and 9-year-old Janna Jihad.[38][39][40] In 2017 it was screened worldwide at a number of festivals, including the Respect Human Rights Film Festival in Belfast, Northern Ireland, where it won Best Documentary. The Singapore Government's Media Development Authority (IMDA), which the previous year had prohibited showings of Tan Pin Pin's award-winning documentary To Singapore, With Love, claiming it was one-sided,[38] also banned public screenings of Radiance of Resistance for its "skewed narrative" which could cause "disharmony" in the country.[41][40] The government's ban was described as censorship.[42]

References

  1. ^ a b c Plachta, Ari (5 February 2018). "Hundreds of Young U.S. Jews Send Birthday Wishes to Jailed Palestinian Teen Ahed Tamimi Ahead of Trial". Haaretz. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  2. ^ a b Berger, Yotam (29 July 2018). "Palestinian Teen Ahed Tamimi, Jailed for Assaulting Israeli Soldier, Released". Haaretz. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Eglash, Ruth (19 December 2017). "Israelis call her 'Shirley Temper.' Palestinians call her a hero". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Ahed Tamimi's Family Mocks Israel for Launching Secret Probe to Check if They Aren't Actors". Haaretz. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  5. ^ Shariff, Omar (5 January 2018). "Ahed Tamimi: Defiant symbol of Palestine". Gulf News. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  6. ^ Sherwood, Harriet (2 January 2018). "Palestinian 16-year-old Ahed Tamimi is the latest child victim of Israel's occupation". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  7. ^ a b Ashly, Jaclynn (4 September 2017). "Nabi Saleh: 'It's a silent ethnic cleansing'". Al-Jazeera. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  8. ^ a b c Jabari, Lawahz (12 September 2015). "West Bank Teen Ahed Tamimi Becomes Poster Child for Palestinians". NBC. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Serham, Yasmeen (5 January 2018). "Who Is Ahed Tamimi". The Atlantic. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  10. ^ "One picture is worth a thousand stigmas". Haaretz. 28 August 2012. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017.
  11. ^ "This Viral Video Of an Israeli Soldier Trying to Arrest a Palestinian Boy Says a lot". The Washington Post. 31 August 2015. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017.
  12. ^ "Israel arrests Palestinian girl Ahed Tamimi over viral video of soldier slapping". USA Today. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Palestinian girl lauded, arrested for confronting Israeli troops". CBS News. 21 December 2017. Archived from the original on 30 December 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  14. ^ Hass, Amira (21 December 2017). "Father of Palestinian Girl Slapping Israeli Soldier in Viral Video: She Was Upset Because Relative Was Shot in Head". Haaretz. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Two Palestinian women in court over Israeli soldier slap video". Times of Israel (AFP reprint). 1 January 2018. Archived from the original on 12 April 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  16. ^ "Cousin filmed slapping soldiers with Ahed Tamimi indicted on assault". 1 January 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Ahed Tamimi: Palestinian slap video teen gets eight months in plea deal". BBC. 21 March 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  18. ^ Berger, Yotam (28 December 2017). "Israel Extends Detention of Palestinian Teen Who Was Filmed Slapping Soldier in Viral Video". Haaretz,. Archived from the original on 29 December 2017. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  19. ^ "Palestinian teen activist could face prison after slapping Israeli soldier". ABC News. 20 December 2017. Archived from the original on 21 December 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  20. ^ Beaumont, Peter (1 January 2018). "Palestinian girl filmed slapping Israeli soldier is charged with assault". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 1 January 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  21. ^ "Despite her age, Ahed Tamimi has a long history of assault against police and soldiers". Newsweek. 1 January 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  22. ^ Berger, Yotam (21 March 2018). "Palestinian Teen Ahed Tamimi Reaches Plea Bargain, to Serve 8 Months in Israeli Prison". Haaretz. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  23. ^ "Acts of Resistance and Restraint Defy Easy Definition in the West Bank". The New York Times. 22 December 2017. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  24. ^ "Palestinian Ahed Tamimi accepts prison term plea deal". The Guardian. 21 March 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  25. ^ "Ahed Tamimi sentenced to 8 months in prison in plea deal". YNET News. 21 March 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  26. ^ "Palestinian teen on trial for striking Israeli soldier agrees plea deal". Reuters. 21 March 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  27. ^ Liebermann, Oren (31 July 2018). "Ahed Tamimi: Palestinian teen eyes future as 'famous lawyer'". CNN. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  28. ^ 'Mo:Torna in libertà Tamimi: rilasciati anche lo street artist Jorit Agoch e l’altro italiano,' ANSA 29 July 2018
  29. ^ 'Italian graffiti artist arrested for mural of Ahed Tamimi on security barrier,' Times of Israel, 28 July 2018.
  30. ^ 'Graffiti artists detained for giant mural of al-Tamimi,' Ma'an News Agency 29 July 2018.
  31. ^ a b Fernando, Gavin (21 February 2018). "Why the world is talking about Ahed Tamimi". News.com.au. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  32. ^ Estrine, Daniel (13 February 2018). "Military Trial Opens For 17-Year-Old Palestinian Activist". NPR. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  33. ^ a b Bruton, F. Brinley (22 March 2018). "Slap heard 'round the world: Ahed Tamimi becomes symbol of Palestinian resistance". NBC News. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  34. ^ Holmes, Oliver (30 July 2018). "Ahed Tamimi: 'I am a freedom fighter. I will not be the victim'". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 July 2018.:'Her case has highlighted the arrest and detention of what local human rights groups say are more than 300 Palestinian minors.'
  35. ^ Alice Speri Homecoming:How Ahed Tamimi Became the Symbol of Palestinian Resistance to Israeli Oppression The Intercept 31 July 2018: 'Ahed’s story drew rare attention to the plight of Palestinian children held in Israeli military prisons — an overwhelming majority of them over stone-throwing incidents or for participation in protests — and the sham court proceedings, abuse and threat-filled interrogations, and extracted confessions to which they are subject.'
  36. ^ Oren Liebermann and Ian Lee, 'Ahed Tamimi: Palestinian teen who slapped Israeli soldier freed from prison,' CNN 29 July 2018:'Tamimi's case has become a lightning rod for criticism of the Israeli military, the military court system, and its treatment of Palestinian youth. "Israel's jailing of a child for eight months -- for calling for protests, and slapping a soldier -- reflects the discrimination, complete absence of due process, and ill-treatment of children endemic in Israel's military justice system. Ahed Tamimi is now free, but hundreds of Palestinian children remain locked up with little attention on their cases," said Omar Shakir, Israel and Palestine director at Human Rights Watch.'
  37. ^ Halbfinger, David M. (22 December 2017). "Acts of Resistance and Restraint Defy Easy Definition in the West Bank". New York Times. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  38. ^ a b Nirmal Narayanan, 'Singapore bans film featuring Palestine-Israel conflict in fear of unrest,' International Business Times 4 January 4, 2018.
  39. ^ 'Screening: Radiance of Resistance,' Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center 26 March 2017
  40. ^ a b Cheng, Kenneth (January 2, 2018). "Film screening on Palestinian girls living through conflict cancelled due to 'inflammatory' narrative". Today. Singapore. Archived from the original on January 3, 2018. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  41. ^ Ungku, Fathin (January 3, 2018). "Singapore bans film focused on indicted Palestinian teen activist". Singapore. Reuters. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  42. ^ "Singapore bans film featuring Palestinian teen arrested after slapping Israeli soldiers". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 1 February 2018.