Prime Minister of Turkey

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Başbakanı  (Turkish)
Basbakanlik logo.svg.jpg
Seal of the Prime Minister
Member ofCabinet of Turkey
National Security Council
ResidencePrime Ministry Building
(1925-1937)
Prime Ministry Central Building
(1937-2014)
Çankaya Mansion
(2014-2018)
AppointerThe President
In accordance with voting in the Grand National Assembly
Term length5 years (same as the term of Grand National Assembly)
Constituting instrumentAnayasa
Inaugural holderMustafa Kemal Atatürk (Ankara Government)
İsmet İnönü (Republic)
Formation3 May 1920 (Ankara Government)
1 November 1923 (Republic)
Final holderBinali Yıldırım
Abolished9 July 2018
Websitewww.basbakanlik.gov.tr
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The Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Başbakanı) was the head of government of the Republic of Turkey from 1920 to 2018. The prime minister was the leader of a political coalition in the Turkish parliament (Meclis) and the leader of the cabinet. The last holder of the position is Binali Yıldırım of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), who took office on 24 May 2016.

History[edit]

In the Ottoman Empire, the prime minister of the Ottoman sultan held the title of Grand Vizier (Turkish: Sadrazam). After the Tanzimat period in the 19th century, the grand viziers came to assume a role more like that of the prime ministers of contemporary Western European monarchies. Later, with the Ottoman constitution of 1876, a parliament was established to oversee the prime minister, and the prime minister formed a cabinet. With the amendments to the constitution during the Second Constitutional Era, the prime minister was made answerable to the parliament rather than the sultan. Finally, with the declaration of the republic in 1923, the appointer of the prime minister became the president, instead of the sultan.

Old Seal of the Prime Minister

List of Prime Ministers[edit]

Living former Prime Ministers[edit]

Prime Minister Born Tenure of office
Yıldırım Akbulut (1935-11-15) November 15, 1935 (age 84) 1989-1991
Tansu Çiller (1946-05-24) May 24, 1946 (age 74) 1993-1996
Mesut Yılmaz (1947-11-06) November 6, 1947 (age 72) 1991, 1996, 1997-1999
Abdullah Gül (1950-10-29) October 29, 1950 (age 69) 2002-2003
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (1954-02-26) February 26, 1954 (age 66) 2003-2014
Ahmet Davutoğlu (1959-02-26) February 26, 1959 (age 61) 2014-2016
Binali Yıldırım (1955-12-20) December 20, 1955 (age 64) 2016-2018

Longest track records[edit]

Name Number of days Remarks
İsmet İnönü 1 year, 20 days +
12 years, 205 days +
3 years, 93 days = 16 years and 318 days
The first two periods were
in the single-party period;
formed 10 cabinets.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 11 years, 167 days Formed three cabinets.
Süleyman Demirel 5 years, 150 days +
2 years, 82 days +
168 days +
305 days +
1 year, 177 days = 10 years and 152 days
Formed seven cabinets.
Adnan Menderes 10 years, 5 days Formed five cabinets.
Turgut Özal 5 years, 322 days Formed two cabinets.
Bülent Ecevit 296 days +
20 days +
1 year, 311 days +
3 years, 311 days = 5 years and 208 days
Formed five cabinets.

Timeline[edit]

Binali YıldırımAhmet DavutoğluRecep Tayyip ErdoğanAbdullah GülBülent EcevitMesut YılmazNecmettin ErbakanMesut YılmazTansu ÇillerSüleyman DemirelMesut YılmazYıldırım AkbulutTurgut ÖzalBülend UlusuTurhan FeyzioğluSüleyman DemirelBülent EcevitSüleyman DemirelBülent EcevitSüleyman DemirelSadi IrmakBülent EcevitNaim TaluFerit MelenNihat ErimSüleyman DemirelSuat Hayri Ürgüplüİsmet İnönüCemal GürselAdnan MenderesŞemsettin GünaltayHasan SakaRecep PekerŞükrü SaracoğluRefik SaydamCelal Bayarİsmet İnönüAli Fethi Okyarİsmet İnönüAli Fethi OkyarRauf OrbayFevzi ÇakmakMustafa Kemal Atatürk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ "Prime Minister Central Building history (Turkish)".