|Type||Treaty establishing a founding declarations and principles of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).|
|Signed||21 December 1991|
|Location||Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan, Soviet Union|
|Effective||21 December 1991|
|Signatories|| Russia: Boris Yeltsin|
Ukraine: Leonid Kravchuk
Belarus: Stanislav Shushkevich
Armenia: Levon Ter-Petrosyan
Azerbaijan: Ayaz Mutallibov
Kazakhstan: Nursultan Nazarbayev
Kirghizia: Askar Akayev
Moldova: Mircea Snegur
Tajikistan: Rahmon Nabiyev
Turkmenia: Saparmurat Niyazov
Uzbekistan: Islam Karimov
The Alma-Ata Protocols are the founding declarations and principles of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
The leaders of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus had agreed to the Belovezha Accords on 8 December 1991, dissolving the Soviet Union and forming the CIS. On 21 December 1991, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan agreed to the Alma-Ata Protocols, joining the CIS. The latter agreement included the original three Belavezha signatories, as well as eight additional former Soviet republics. Georgia was the only former republic that have not participated while Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia refused to do so after restoring their pre-1940 independence status.
The protocols consisted of declaration, three agreements and separate appendices. In addition, Marshal Yevgeny Shaposhnikov was confirmed as acting Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Separate treaty was signed between Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Ukraine "About mutual measures in regards to nuclear weapon".
Agreement on Councils of Heads of State and Government
A provisional agreement on the membership and conduct of Councils of Heads of State and Government was concluded between the members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 30, 1991.
Agreement on Strategic Forces
Concluded between the 11 members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 30, 1991.
Agreement on Armed Forces and Border Troops
Concluded between the members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 30, 1991.
- The Alma-Ata Protocols (Russian language). Archive of Egor Gaidar
- The Alma-Ata Protocols (Russian language)
- English translation
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