Alma-Ata Protocol

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Alma-Ata Protocol
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Signing ceremony
Type Treaty establishing a founding declarations and principles of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
Signed 21 December 1991
Location Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan
Effective 21 December 1991
Signatories Russia: Boris Yeltsin
 Ukraine: Leonid Kravchuk
 Belarus: Stanislav Shushkevich
Armenia: Levon Ter-Petrosyan
Azerbaijan: Ayaz Mutallibov
 Kazakhstan: Nursultan Nazarbayev
Kyrgyzstan: Askar Akayev
Moldova: Mircea Snegur
Tajikistan: Rahmon Nabiyev
 Turkmenistan: Saparmurat Niyazov
Uzbekistan: Islom Karimov

The Alma-Ata Protocols are the founding declarations and principles of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

The leaders of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus had agreed to the Belavezha Accords on 8 December 1991, dissolving the Soviet Union and forming the CIS. On 21 December 1991, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan agreed to the Alma-Ata Protocols, joining the CIS. The latter agreement included the original three Belavezha signatories, as well as eight additional former Soviet republics.[1]

More surprisingly, the protocol allowed the Russian Federation to assume Soviet Union's UN membership, including its permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE ALMA-ATA DECLARATION". Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series / Belarus / Appendix C. Library of Congress. 

External links[edit]