Almelo city centre
Location in Overijssel
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Jon Hermans-Vloedbeld (VVD)|
|• Total||69.41 km2 (26.80 sq mi)|
|• Land||67.42 km2 (26.03 sq mi)|
|• Water||1.99 km2 (0.77 sq mi)|
|Elevation||12 m (39 ft)|
|Population (February 2017)|
|• Density||1,076/km2 (2,790/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Almelo has about 72,000 inhabitants in the middle of the rolling countryside of Twente, with the industrial centres of Enschede and Hengelo as close neighbours but also with tourist towns like Ootmarsum, Delden and Markelo only a bicycle ride away. Almelo received city rights in 1394. Within the city limits lies the castle of the Counts of Almelo.
Located in the city centre is Huize Almelo, a castle that in its current form dates back to 1662 (This castle is not open to the public). There are mosaics which decorate the walls of the tunnel close to the railway station.
At the end of the 19th century textile emerged as a major employer and drew many workers to Almelo, at first from within the Netherlands. Since the 1960s workers from Spain and Turkey came to Almelo. The first mosque of the Netherlands was built in Almelo in 1976 for the Turkish population of the city. Almelo also has a sizeable number of Armenians.
In the 1970s the industry dwindled and most factories were relocated to countries with cheaper labour. Some factories remain in the city centre and are now in use for apartments or offices.
Currently, a major employer in Almelo is Urenco Nederland. This is a uranium enrichment plant which uses the gas centrifuge method and produces uranium with about five percent U-235, for nuclear reactors. A bakery factory, Bolletje, PANalytical, the Stichting Ziekenhuisgroep Twente (a hospital) and the regional court are also major employers.
Almelo has 2 railway stations:
The main station is Almelo and offers links to Hengelo, Enschede, Amersfoort, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Utrecht, Gouda, Rotterdam, The Hague and Zwolle. There is also a train every 2 hours into Germany serving cities such as Osnabrück, Hannover and Berlin.
Notable people born in Almelo
- Kirsten Wild (1982) - track and road race cyclist; multiple National Champion
- Azra Akın (1981) – Miss Turkey World 2002 and Miss World 2002
- Bert Bakker (politician) (1958) – D66-politician
- Evert Willem Beth (1908-1964) – philosopher and logician
- Kea Bouman (1903–1998) – female tennis player; only Dutch female tennis player to win a Grand Slam singles tournament
- Arnold Bruggink (1977) – soccer player
- Tom Egbers (1957) – TV-presenter
- Herman Finkers (1954) – comedian
- Hendrie Krüzen (1964) – football midfielder
- Ilse de Lange (1977) – musician and singer
- Judith Ledeboer (1901–1990) – architect
- Brian van Loo (1975) – soccer player (goalkeeper)
- Mark Looms (1981) – soccer player
- Wubbo Ockels (1946-2014) – first Dutch astronaut
- Fabian Roosenbrand (1988) - darts player
- Marnix Smit (1975) – soccer player
- Michiel Veenstra (1976) – radio-dj on 3FM
- Nienke Helthuis (1997) – famous youtuber
Twin towns — Sister cities
Almelo is twinned with:
- "Portefeuilleverdeling" [Division of tasks] (in Dutch). Gemeente Almelo. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 7607EK". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 7 April 2017. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Almelo.|