Andong Kim clan

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The Andong Kim clan (Korean안동 김씨; Hanja安東 金氏) refers to two Korean clans. They were prominent yangban families during Korea's Joseon dynasty originating from Andong, North Gyeongsang province, during the Goryeo dynasty. The clans produced many individuals who passed the gwageo, and 3 Queen Consorts during the Joseon Dynasty; Queen Sunwon, Queen Hyohyeon, and Queen Cheorin. Both clans derive from the Gyeongju Kim clan.

Type[edit]

Andong Kim clan (old)[edit]

The old Andong Kim clan (구 안동 김씨, 舊 安東 金氏) was founded during the Goryeo dynasty by the grandson of Gyeongsun of Silla, Sukseung. In 2015, the old Kim clan of Andong found the number to be at 789,790 individuals.

Andong Kim clan (new)[edit]

Kim Seon-pyung (김선평, 金宣平), the founder of new Andong Kim clan (신 안동 김씨, 新 安東 金氏) was one of the founding contributors of Goryeo dynasty. Before being founding contributor he was castellan of Andong province. He was given a new surname by Taejo of Goryeo with other founding contributors because of his contribution and became a founder of new Andong Kim clan. But after the founding of Goryeo dynasty, nevertheless members of new Andong Kim clan were the offsprings of founding contributor, no one could pass the Gwageo during the Goryeo dynasty among them and they were just satisfied by inheriting their land in Andong province. It was from Kim Deuk-woo (金得雨) that new Andong Kim clan began to prosper, who is 7th generation descendant of Kim Seon-pyung the founder. In his grandson generation the first Gwageo passer of new Andong Kim clan produced. Kim Beon (김번, 金璠) (1479 - 1544), Kim Deuk-woo's 5th generation descendant resided in Seoul, and beon's offsprings lived there for generations til they downfelled. Who came to exert a great deal of influence and power through intermarriage with the royal family and dominated the royal court once at the end of the Joseon dynasty are them, Kim Beon's descendants. But what is important is that those who did what was said above were only an offshoot of new Andong Kim clan. In fact, after Kim Sang-heon (김상헌, 金尙憲) (1570 - 1652), the great-grandson of Kim Beon, new Andong Kim clan became an authorized Yangban family with pedigree and through this background one of them could did what was said above. During Joseon dynasty, they all were basically yangban family so they married with other great yangban families. In 2015, the number of the new Andong Kim clan amounted to 47,702 individuals.

Downfall[edit]

Heungseon Daewongun removed much of the Andong Kim clan's power during the 19th century. During the Gabo Reform, the yangban class was abolished.

Prominent individuals from the Old Andong Kim clan[edit]

Prominent individuals from the New Andong Kim clan[edit]