Aryeh Mahlouf Deri (Hebrew: אריה דרעי, born 17 February 1959) is an Israeli politician. The leader Shas, he is currently a member of the Knesset and Minister of the Economy and Minister of the Development of the Negev and Galilee. He had previously held ministerial positions in the 1980s and 1990s, but was implicated in a corruption scandal at the start of the 21st century and served two years in prison. He was reinstated as leader Shas on 16 October 2012 after a thirteen-year hiatus.
Deri was born in 1959 to a wealthy secular Jewish family in Meknes, Morocco, where he lived the first nine years of his life. After the Six-Day War of 1967, conditions for Jews in Morocco worsened and Deri's parents decided to make aliyah to Israel in 1968. During the transfer, the family's property was lost. In Israel, his mother sent him to a religious boarding school, in order to escape the poor conditions of the housing estate where they had been settled. Deri became involved in Israeli politics at a young age while studying in yeshiva, and early on aligned himself with the Mizrahi-Sephardi Shas party under the tutelage of Rabbi Ovadia Yosef.
On 22 December 1988 he was appointed Minister of Internal Affairs at the age of 29 despite not being a Knesset member. He was subsequently elected to the Knesset in 1992. He remained Minister of the Interior until May 1993, when he became a Minister without Portfolio, before returning to the Interior Ministry in June. He left the cabinet in September 1993. He was re-elected to the Knesset in 1996.
After Deri was convicted of taking $155,000 in bribes while serving as Interior Minister and given a three-year jail sentence in 2000, he was replaced by Eli Yishai. Due to good behavior, Deri was released from Maasiyahu Prison in 2002 after serving 22 months.
In June 2011, he announced that he was planning to return to politics. He was re-elected to the Knesset in 2013. However, on 28 December 2014, Channel 2 released video footage in which Ovadia Yosef attacked Deri, calling him a wicked man and a thief. The same day, Deri handed a resignation letter to the rabbinical board of Shas who refused to accept it. On the following day Deri presented his resignation to the Knesset speaker Yuli-Yoel Edelstein, with his seat taken by Lior Edri.
Despite his resignation from the Knesset, Deri headed the Shas list for the March 2015 elections, and was subsequently appointed Minister of the Economy and Minister of the Development of the Negev and Galilee in the new government.