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|Date of birth||17 February 1959|
|Place of birth||Meknes, Morocco|
|Year of aliyah||1968|
|Knessets||13, 14, 19, 20|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|1988–1992||Minister of Internal Affairs|
|1993||Minister without Portfolio|
|1993||Minister of Internal Affairs|
|2015||Minister of the Economy|
|2015–||Minister of the Development of the Negev and Galilee|
|2016–||Minister of the Interior|
Aryeh Makhlouf Deri (Hebrew: אריה מכלוף דרעי, Arye Makhlouf Deri; born 17 February 1959 in Meknes) is an Israeli politician. The leader of Shas, he is currently a member of the Knesset, Minister of the Interior, and Minister of the Development of the Negev and Galilee. He had previously held ministerial positions in the 1980s and 1990s, but was implicated in a corruption scandal at the start of the 21st century, and served two years in prison. He was reinstated as leader of Shas on 16 October 2012 after a thirteen-year hiatus.
Deri was born in 1959 to a wealthy, secular Moroccan-Jewish family in Meknes, Morocco, where he lived the first nine years of his life. After immigrating to Israel, his mother sent him to a religious boarding school to escape the poor conditions of the housing estate where they had been settled. He studied at the famous Porat Yosef Yeshiva in Jerusalem, where he excelled in Torah studies and was discovered by Rabbi Ovadia Yosef.
On 22 December 1988, he was appointed Minister of Internal Affairs at the age of 29, despite not being a Knesset member. He was subsequently elected to the Knesset in 1992. He remained Minister of the Interior until May 1993, when he became a Minister without Portfolio, before returning to the Interior Ministry in June. He left the cabinet in September 1993. He was re-elected to the Knesset in 1996.
After Deri was convicted of taking $155,000 in bribes while serving as Interior Minister, and was given a three-year jail sentence in 2000. He was replaced by Eli Yishai. Due to good behavior, Deri was released from Maasiyahu Prison in 2002 after serving 22 months.
Return to public life
In June 2011, he announced that he was planning to return to politics. He was re-elected to the Knesset in 2013. However, on 28 December 2014, Channel 2 released video footage in which Ovadia Yosef, the founder of Shas, attacked Deri, calling him a wicked man and a thief. The same day, Deri handed a resignation letter to the rabbinical board of Shas, who refused to accept it. On the following day, Deri presented his resignation to the Knesset speaker Yuli-Yoel Edelstein, with his seat taken by Lior Edri.
Despite his resignation from the Knesset, Deri headed the Shas list for the March 2015 elections, and was subsequently appointed Minister of the Economy and Minister of the Development of the Negev and Galilee in the new government. He left his post as Minister of the Economy on 3 November 2015, reportedly over an unpopular gas monopoly deal, and was replaced by Netanyahu, who promised to speed up the deal. He was appointed Minister of the Interior on 11 January 2016. He resigned from the Knesset in October 2016 to allow Michael Malchieli to take his seat, whilst remaining a minister.
Deri is married, and has nine children. He lives in Jerusalem.
- Shlomo Deri
- Yehuda Deri
- List of Israeli public officials convicted of crimes or misdemeanors
- Jews of Morocco
- Sontag, Deborah (September 4, 2000). "In a Divided Israel, Thousands Rally for the Ex-Shas Party Leader as He Goes to Jail". The New York Times. Retrieved October 10, 2007.
- Kessel, Jerrold (September 3, 2000). "Israeli political leader goes to jail after emotional send-off". CNN. Retrieved October 10, 2007.
- "Former Shas leader to leave prison". BBC News. July 11, 2002. Retrieved October 10, 2007.
- "Former Shas leader announces intent to return to politics". Ha'aretz English. June 22, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
- Ettinger, Yair (29 December 2014). "After split with Shas, Yishai releases 'doomsday weapon' tape on Deri". Haaretz. Retrieved 2015-03-17.
- ‘Struggle over democracy’: Israelis protest Netanyahu’s gas deal with US energy giant Russia Today, 8 November 2015
- Interior Minister Shal Leader Deri Resigns From Knesset Yeshiva World, 31 October 2016
- Aryeh Deri on the Knesset website