Hadash

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For the concept within Kashrut (the Jewish dietary regulations), see Chodosh.
Hadash
Hebrew name החזית הדמוקרטית לשלום ולשוויון
Arabic name الجبهة الديمقراطية للسلام والمساواة
Leader Ayman Odeh
Founded 1977 (1977)
Merger of Rakah, Black Panthers and other groups
Headquarters Haifa, Israel
Nazareth, Israel
Ideology Marxism
Communism[1]
Eco-socialism[2]
Alter-globalization
Pro-Two-state solution
Political position Far-left[3]
National affiliation Joint List
International affiliation None
Colors Red and Green
Knesset
5 / 120
Election symbol
ו
Website
www.hadash.org.il
Politics of Israel
Political parties
Elections
Uri Avnery at a Hadash rally against the 2006 Lebanon War.

Hadash (Hebrew: חד"ש‎, lit. New), an acronym for HaHazit HaDemokratit LeShalom uLeShivion (Hebrew: החזית הדמוקרטית לשלום ולשוויון‎, lit. The Democratic Front for Peace and Equality); Arabic: الجبهة الديمقراطية للسلام والمساواة‎, al-Jabhah ad-Dimuqrāṭiyyah lis-Salām wa'l-Musāwah) is a radical left-wing political coalition in Israel formed by the Israeli Communist Party and other leftist groups.[4][5]

It currently has five members, as part of the Joint List, in the 120-seat Knesset.

Background[edit]

The party was formed on 15 March 1977 when the Rakah and Non-Partisans parliamentary group changed its name to Hadash in preparation for the 1977 elections. The non-partisans included some members of the Black Panthers (several others joined the Left Camp of Israel) and other left-wing non-communist groups. Within the Hadash movement, Rakah (which was renamed Maki, a Hebrew acronym for Israeli Communist Party, in 1989) has retained its independent status.

In its first electoral test, Hadash won five seats, an increase of one on Rakah's previous four. However, in the next elections in 1981 the party was reduced to four seats. It maintained its four seats in the 1984 elections, gaining another MK when Mohammed Wattad defected from Mapam in 1988. The 1988 election resulted in another four-seat haul, though the party lost a seat when Charlie Biton broke away to establish Black Panthers as an independent faction on 25 December 1990. The 1992 elections saw the party remain at three seats.

In the 1996 elections the party ran a joint list with Balad. Together they won five seats, but split during the Knesset term,[6] with Hadash reduced to three seats. The 1999 elections saw them maintain three seats, with Barakeh and Issam Makhoul replacing Ahmad Sa'd and Saleh Saleem.

In the 2003 elections Hadash ran on another joint list, this time with Ahmed Tibi's Ta'al. The list won three seats,[7] but again split during the parliamentary session, leaving Hadash with two MKs, Barakeh and Makhoul.

In the 2006 elections Hadash won three seats, with Hana Sweid and Dov Khenin entering the Knesset alongside Barakeh. The party won an additional seat in the 2009 elections, taken by Afu Agbaria.

In January 2015, former Knesset speaker Avraham Burg joined Hadash.[8]

Policies and ideology[edit]

Hadash is a left-wing party that supports a communist economy[9] and workers' rights. It emphasizes Jewish–Arab cooperation, and its leaders were among the first to support a two-state solution. Its voters are principally middle class and secular Arabs, many from the north and Christian communities.[10] It also draws 6,000–10,000 far-left Jewish voters during national elections.[11]

The party supports evacuation of all Israeli settlements, a complete withdrawal by Israel from all territories occupied as a result of the Six-Day War, and the establishment of a Palestinian state in those territories. It also supports the right of return or compensation for Palestinian refugees. In addition to issues of peace and security, Hadash is also known for being active on social and environmental issues.[12] In keeping with socialist ideals, Hadash's environmental platform, led by Maki official Dov Khenin,[13] calls for the nationalization of Israel's gas, mineral, and oil reserves.[14]

Hadash defines itself as a non-Zionist party, originally in keeping with Marxist opposition to nationalism. It calls for recognition of Palestinian Arabs as a national minority within Israel.[15] Despite it Marxist–Leninist roots, Hadash has in recent times included elements of Arab nationalism in its platform.[2]

Hadash shifted to a more Arab nationalist appeal after running on a joint list with Ta'al in 2003.[16] Avirama Golan of Haaretz wrote in 2007 that Hadash had "succumbed to the separatist-nationalist and populist stream ... and chosen to turn its back on a social and civil agenda in favor of questions related to Palestinian nationalism...."[17]

In 2015, Hadash declared its support for the international Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) campaign against companies operating in the occupied Palestinian territories.[18]

Election platform[edit]

The party's platform for the 2009 elections consisted of:[19]

  1. Achieving a just, comprehensive, and stable peace: Israeli/Palestinian and Israeli/Arab
  2. Protecting workers' rights and issues
  3. Developing social services: health, education, housing, welfare, culture, and sports
  4. Equality for the Arab population in Israel
  5. Eradicating ethnic discrimination in all fields; defending the concerns of residents of disadvantaged neighborhoods and development towns
  6. Protecting democratic freedoms
  7. Equality between the sexes in all fields
  8. Protecting the environment; environmental justice
  9. Eradicating weapons of mass destruction

Controversy[edit]

On 1 November 2009, then party leader Mohammad Barakeh was indicted on four counts for events that occurred between April 2005 and July 2007; assault and interfering with a policeman in the line of duty, assault on a photographer, insulting a public servant, and for attacking an official who was discharging his legal duty.[20][21] The charges related to his role in a protest against Israeli government policy, and was considered controversial mainly by those who were opposed to such protests.

Election results[edit]

Election Votes % Seats ± Knesset members
1977 80,118 4.6
5 / 120
Charlie Biton, Avraham Levenbraun (replaced by Hanna Mwais), Tawfik Toubi, Meir Vilner, Tawfiq Ziad
1981 64,918 3.4
4 / 120
Decrease1 Charlie Biton, Tawfik Toubi, Meir Vilner, Tawfiq Ziad
1984 69,815 3.4
4 / 120
Steady0 Charlie Biton, Tawfik Toubi, Meir Vilner, Tawfiq Ziad, Muhammed Wattad (joined from Mapam)
1988 84,032 3.7
4 / 120
Steady0 Charlie Biton (left party during Knesset term), Tawfik Toubi (replaced by Tamar Gozansky), Meir Vilner (replaced by Hashem Mahameed), Tawfiq Ziad (replaced by Mohamed Nafa)
1992 62,545 2.4
3 / 120
Decrease1 Tamar Gozansky, Hashem Mahameed, Tawfiq Ziad (replaced by Saleh Saleem)
1996[a] 129,455 4.2
2 / 120
Decrease1 Tamar Gozansky, Ahmad Sa'd, Saleh Saleem
1999 87,022 2.6
3 / 120
Increase1 Mohammad Barakeh, Tamar Gozansky, Issam Makhoul
2003[b] 93,819 3.0
2 / 120
Decrease1 Mohammad Barakeh, Issam Makhoul
2006 86,092 2.7
3 / 120
Increase1 Mohammad Barakeh, Dov Khenin, Hana Sweid
2009 112,130 3.3
4 / 120
Increase1 Mohammad Barakeh, Dov Khenin, Hana Sweid, Afu Agbaria
2013 113,439 3.0
4 / 120
Steady0 Mohammad Barakeh, Dov Khenin, Hana Sweid, Afu Agbaria
2015 Part of the Joint List
5 / 120
Increase1 Ayman Odeh, Aida Touma-Suleiman, Dov Khenin, Yousef Jabareen, Abdullah Abu Ma'aruf
  1. ^ In alliance with Balad.
  2. ^ In alliance with Ta'al.

Leaders[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carol Migdalovitz (18 May 2006). "Israel: Background and Relations with the United States]" (PDF). CRS Issue Brief for Congress. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Ilan Lior (16 January 2013). "MK Dov Khenin: Netanyahu government is dangerous for Israel". Haaretz. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Shmuel Sandler; Manfred Gerstenfeld; Jonathan Rynhold. Israel at the Polls 2006. Routledge. p. 281. ISBN 9781317969921. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Raphael Ahren (13 January 2013). "Who would Maimonides vote for?". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  5. ^ Gregory Moore (2008). Spencer C. Tucker), ed. Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. ABC-CLIO. p. 276. ISBN 978-1851098415. In the Knesset elections held on March 28, 2006, Hadash, a far left-wing coalition made up of the Israeli Communist Party and other leftist groups, garnered three Knesset seats (out of 120). 
  6. ^ "Hadash-Balad". Knesset. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Hadash-Ta'al]". Knesset. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Former Knesset speaker Burg joins far-left Jewish-Arab party Hadash". The Jerusalem Post. 3 January 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  9. ^ Deborah Sontag (May 19, 1999). "The Israeli Vote: The Politics; Israeli Is Weighing a Broad Coalition to Further Peace". The New York Times. p. A12. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  10. ^ Matti Friedman (16 January 2013). "Coexistence, despite everything". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  11. ^ Judy Maltz (March 12, 2015). "Meet the Israeli Jews who will vote for the Arab ticket". Haaretz. 
  12. ^ "Hadash". Zionism and Israel - Encyclopedic Dictionary. Retrieved 28 July 2006. 
  13. ^ "It's tough to be green: Parties outline their platforms". The Jerusalem Post. 6 March 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  14. ^ Zafrir Rinat (2012-12-20). "It's the environment, stupid". Haaretz. Retrieved 15 June 2015. Hadash is adhering to its socialist origins and asking to nationalize the gas, mineral and oil reserves. 
  15. ^ "Hadash Election Manifesto 2006" (in Hebrew). Hadash. Retrieved 16 March 2007. [dead link]
  16. ^ Danny Rabinowitz (22 July 2004). "Whither Arab Israeli parties?". Haaretz. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  17. ^ Avirama Golan (11 December 2007). "They've given up on Israelis". Haaretz. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  18. ^ Jack Khoury (9 June 2015). "Arab-Jewish party declares support for boycotting firms in settlements". Haaretz. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "Hadash program for Israel" (in Hebrew). Hadash. Retrieved 8 February 2009. [dead link]
  20. ^ Gil Ronen (1 November 2009). "Criminal Charges Against Arab MK Barakeh". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 1 November 2009. 
  21. ^ Dan Izenberg (1 November 2009). "Hadash MK indicted for assault while demonstrating against state". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  22. ^ Jonathan Lis; Jack Khoury (13 March 2011). "Last member of Israel's first Knesset dies at 89". Haaretz. Retrieved 3 January 2015. 

External links[edit]