Auburn, New South Wales
Duncraggarn Hall, formerly a house and now part of St Joseph's Village
|Population||33,122 (2011 census)|
|Location||19 km (12 mi) west of Sydney CBD|
|Federal Division(s)||Reid, Blaxland|
Auburn is a suburb in western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Auburn is located 19 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre of the local government area of Auburn Council.
Auburn prides itself as one of the most multicultural communities in Australia. The traditionally Anglo-Celtic European population has slowly been replaced by a high percentage of immigrants from Turkish, Lebanese and Vietnamese backgrounds. Auburn also has fast growing Somali, Bosnian, Iraqi, Iranian, Afghan, Pakistani, and Sudanese communities.
The Auburn area was once used by Aboriginal people as a market place for the exchange of goods, a site for ritual battles and a 'Law Place' for ceremonies. The area was located on the border between the Darug inland group and the Eora/Dharawal coastal group. The Wangal and Wategoro, sub-groups or clans, are the groups most often recognised as the original inhabitants of the Auburn/Homebush Bay region.
Bennelong, one of the most famous Aboriginies of the time, was a member of Wangal, as was his wife, Barangaroo. Pemulwuy, who organised tribes to resist the white settlement of the Sydney region from 1790 to 1802 was also a member of the Wangal.
On 5 February 1788, soon after the landing of Captain Phillip at Sydney Cove, Captain John Hunter and Lieutenant William Bradley sailed up what is now known as the Parramatta River, as far as Homebush Bay. Captain Hunter was the first white person to set foot within the Auburn Local Government Area.
Ten days later, the Governor, along with a well-armed party in three boats, reached Homebush Bay. They ventured about 3 kilometres inland. The following day a party of explorers traced the river in a westerly direction, coming to the place where the Duck River enters the Parramatta River. They explored the tributary as far as the depth of water permitted.
Seeing what appeared to be ducks rising out of a swamp covered with reeds, they named the river Duck River. The ducks were actually Eastern Swamp Hens, but the name Duck River remained. The Eastern Swamp Hen featured prominently on the Council's Coat of Arms and it is now part of the Auburn City Council logo.
In February 1793 Auburn area was established as the first free-agricultural settlement thanks to Governor Phillip’s repeated applications to the British government for free settlers. Phillip was of the opinion that only free settlers with the assistance of convicts will be able to create an environment in which a country could support its inhabitants. Secretary Dundas endorsed Governor’s opinion and secured an agreement with several farmers, some of them were members of Religious Society of Friends – Quakers, to settle in the colony. The first grants were given to Thomas Rose, Frederic Meredith, Thomas and Joseph Webb as well as Edward Powell. The deeds of the land described the farms’ location as Liberty Plains and this is the name given to the neighbourhood of their farms by the first settles, although the actual area bearing that name was a little further, lying at the upper part of Port Jackson. Dwellers of the Liberty Plains Parish were very proud of the fact that in the colony of felons they were the first people who came to Australia as free men and were given a privilege of choosing their own grants. When in 1876 Auburn adopted its name, inspired by Oliver Goldsmith's poem The Deserted Village, describing the English village of Auburn as "the loveliest village of the plain", the people of Auburn still wanted to emphasise the fact that they were free settles. Hence, the first Auburn coat of arms depicted this in its motto: “Liberty, with steady zeal”.
One of the early settlers in the area was Fred Chisholm, who had an estate west of the present site of Auburn railway station. In the 1880s, John Buchanan, a timber merchant, purchased land from Fred Chisholm and built his home, Duncraggarn Hall, a two-storey Italianate mansion with a central tower and elaborate wrought-iron balconies. In 1892, Buchanan sold his thirteen-acre estate to the Sisters of Charity, who turned the house into St Joseph's Hospital for Consumptives. In 1903, extentions to the hospital were constructed and the house itself became a convent for the sisters. Further modifications and extensions took place over the years, with the eventual result that the old hospital site became St Joseph's Village—a retirement village—with a modern hospital next door. Duncraggarn Hall is heritage-listed.
The Auburn Local Government Area as we know it today was formed in 1948, when Auburn and Lidcombe Councils merged into Auburn Municipal Council. The boundaries of this municipality were much as they are today.
Auburn has a mixture of residential, commercial and industrial areas. A commercial area is located close to Auburn railway station. There are many multicultural restaurants and cafes.
South of the railway station, the commercial area stretches for approximately 1 km and features many Middle Eastern & Asian shops, restaurants and supermarkets. This has made Auburn a focal point for various immigrant groups in Sydney, especially for significant events such as football matches or political developments in the Middle East.
North of the railway station, commercial and industrial developments are also located along the length of Parramatta Road and surrounding streets. Major developments here include:
- Harvey Norman's biggest store in Australia.
- Reading Cinemas is on Parramatta Road.
- Nick Scali Furniture centre on Parramatta Road.
- Tooheys Brewery.
- Revolution Racegear – Australasia's largest race equipment stockist.
- A Costco is located on Parramatta Road.
- Auburn Hospital with basic 24-hour emergency facilities is on Norval and Hargrave Streets.
- Auburn Botanical Gardens
The Auburn Gallipoli Mosque took thirteen years to construct and was largely funded by the Turkish community in the area. The name of the mosque reflects the legacy of Gallipoli in Turkey and the shared bond between Australian society and the Australian Turkish Muslim Community who constructed the mosque.
Architect Omer Kirazoglu designed it in the Classical Ottoman Style of Architecture characterised by a central dome and minarets. The builder was Ahmet Asim who donated much of his time. It is a source of pride for the local community and whilst considered a Turkish mosque it is frequented by all sections of the Islamic community and is one of Sydney's busiest mosques.
According to the 2011 census of Population, there were 33,122 residents in Auburn. 31.9% of residents were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were China 13.3%, Turkey 6.2%, India 5.0% and Lebanon 4.0%. 13.5% of residents spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Arabic 15.7%, Turkish 11.5%, Mandarin 10.3% and Cantonese 8.1%. The most common responses for religious affiliation were Islam 42.0%, Catholic 12.6% and No Religion 12.3%.
- Brad Fittler, former rugby league footballer born in Auburn.
- Jack Lang, former Premier of NSW (1925–1927, 1930–1932), had a long and close association with Auburn, setting up a successful real estate business there. He went on to serve on the local council, eventually becoming Mayor. He died in Auburn in 1975.
- John Moulton was a general surgeon in Auburn.
- Warren Mundine, the first Aboriginal president of the Australian Labor Party. Born in Grafton in 1956, Warren and his family lived in Auburn in the mid-1960s.
- Chris Bath, Channel Seven newsreader
- Feleti Mateo, rugby league player with New Zealand Warriors
- Zeb Taia, rugby league player with Newcastle Knights
- Scott Jamieson, football (soccer)
- Ahmad Elrich, football (soccer)
- Tarek Elrich, football (soccer)
- Tomi Juric, football (soccer)
- Alex Gersbach, football (soccer)
- Jamal Idris, rugby league player with Penrith Panthers
- Daniel Tupou, rugby league player with Sydney Roosters
- Myuran Sukumaran (1981–2015), executed drug trafficker and co-ringleader of the Bali Nine
- Liberty Plains: a history of Auburn N.S.W. - Centenary edition
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Auburn (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 11
- State Heritage Register
- Reading Cinemas
- Wilson, Jan; Laura Vallee; Murray Fagg (12 December 2006). "Auburn Botanical Gardens". Directory of Australian Botanic Gardens and Arboreta. Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 3 February 2007.
- "Gunshots prompt prayers for peace". Sydney Morning Herald. 3 April 2011.
- Gallipoli Mosque
- Cornford, Philip (23 April 2005). "How the trap snapped shut". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 26 June 2011.
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