Australian two-dollar coin
|Composition||92% Copper, 6% Aluminium, 2% Nickel|
|Years of minting||1988–present|
|Design||Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia|
|Design||Male Aboriginal Elder|
The Australian 2 dollar coin is the highest-denomination coin of the Australian dollar. It was first issued on 20 June 1988, having been in planning since the mid-1970s. It replaced the Australian two-dollar note due to having a longer circulatory life.
In accordance with all other Australian coins, the obverse features the portrait of the reigning monarch, who during the lifetime of the coin has only been Queen Elizabeth II. From 1988 to 1998 the portrait of her was by Raphael Maklouf before being replaced in the following year by one sculpted by Ian Rank-Broadley.
Designed by Horst Hahne, the reverse depicts an Aboriginal Elder, inspired by an Ainslie Roberts drawing of Gwoya Jungarai, known as One Pound Jimmy. However, the design is not intended to depict any person in particular. The design also incorporates the Southern Cross and native grasstrees. The initials of its designer, Horst Hahne, were removed from the design from 1990 onwards.
All two-dollar coins have been struck at the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra. 160.9 million coins were minted in the first year of issue. It has been issued in all years since except 1991, with an average mintage of 22 million coins per annum from 1989 to 2008.
In 2012, the Australian mint released the first ever different designed 2 dollar coin. It features a poppy flower, with the words LEST WE FORGET and REMEMBRANCE DAY in the background of the coin. There had been no commemorative designs for this issue, until the 2012 Remembrance coin was minted. Along with the 2012 Remembrance coin was a coin with the same text and image but the centre poppy was red with a black centre. It was therefore the first coloured circulating coin in Australia. On 21 June 2013, a third commemorative 2 dollar coin was launched by the Royal Australian Mint. This coin, commemorating the 60th anniversary of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, featured a purple circle bordering St Edward's Crown. As a part of the 100 years of ANZAC coin programme launched by the Royal Australian Mint, two separate coloured coins were released. The first was released in 2014, it featured two green circles in the middle of the coin and a dove in the centre. The word REMEMBRANCE was stretched across the top of the coin. In 2015, the fourth circulating coloured coin in Australia was released. It includes red stripes much like the 2013 Queen Coronation coin. It also features five crosses amongst poppies and the words LEST WE FORGET in the centre.
When the coin was introduced there were complaints that the coin was too small for its value and was easily lost, or counterfeited by placing two 5 cent pieces together and colouring them gold. However, with an uninterrupted milling on the 5 cent and the 2 dollars having 5 grooves in 4 lots separated by 7mm length of the side, identification is easy. It has the same size and milling as the 10 Swedish kronor.
Its smaller size in comparison to the $1 coin can lead to confusion for visitors from outside Australia.
The coin has only been struck at the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra, the nation's capital. The only years that had no production was 1991 (due to the large amount issued for its introduction in 1988.) and 2012,
- 1994: 22,100,000
- 1995: 15,500,000
- 1996: 13,900,000
- 1997: 19,000,000
- 1998: 8,700,000
- 1999: 27,300,000
- 2000: 5,700,000
- 2001: 35,600,000
- 2002: 29,700,000
- 2003: 13,700,000
- 2004: 20,000,000
- 2005: 45,500,000
- 2006: 40,500,000
- 2007: 26,000,000
- 2008: 47,000,000
- 2009: 74,500,000
- 2010: 19,800,000
- 2011: 17,800,000
- 2012: 0
The minting figures for the commemorative two dollar coins follow:
- 2012 - Plain Poppy: 5,800,000
- 2012 - Red Poppy: 500,000
- 2013 - Purple Queen's Coronation: 1,000,000
- 2014 - Green Dove: Not Available
- 2015 - Red Lest We Forget: Not Available
- http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img11/10-2d03&desc=Australia km406 2 Dollars (2001--)&query=Australia
- Pitt 2000 p. 88
- Royal Australian Mint - Designs & Products - Two Dollars
- Royal Australian Mint - Frequently Asked Questions - About Australian Coins
- "Governor-General launches Australia's first purple striped coin".
Two Dollar Note (Australian)
|Two Dollars (Australian)