2020 Summer Olympics
Tokyo 2020 candidate logo
|Host city||Tokyo, Japan|
未来(あした)をつかもう ('Ashita o tsukamō')
|Opening ceremony||24 July|
|Closing ceremony||9 August|
|Stadium||National Olympic Stadium|
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The 2020 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXII Olympiad (第三十二回オリンピック競技大会 Dai Sanjūni-kai Orinpikku Kyōgi Taikai) and commonly known as Tokyo 2020, is a major international multi-sport event due to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games as governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The games are planned to be held from 24 July to 9 August 2020 in Tokyo, Japan. Tokyo was announced as the host city at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 7 September 2013. Tokyo previously hosted the 1964 Summer Olympic Games, and in 2020 will become the fifth city (and the first city in Asia) to host the Summer Olympic Games more than once. Tokyo will also be hosting the 2020 Summer Paralympics.
- 1 Bidding
- 2 Development and preparation
- 3 Sports
- 4 Calendar
- 5 Venues
- 6 Marketing
- 7 Media
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 External links
48 votes needed for selection in opening round & runoff; 49 in final round.
The IOC voted to select the host city of the 2020 Summer Olympics on 7 September 2013 at the 125th IOC Session at the Buenos Aires Hilton in Buenos Aires, Argentina. An exhaustive ballot system was used. No city won over 50% of the votes in the first round, and Madrid and Istanbul were tied for second place. A run-off vote between these two cities was held to determine which would be eliminated. In the final vote, a head-to-head contest between Tokyo and Istanbul, Tokyo was selected by 60 votes to 36.
|2020 Summer Olympics host city election|
|City||NOC name||Round 1||Runoff||Round 2|
Development and preparation
The Tokyo metropolitan government set aside a fund of ¥400 billion Japanese yen (over $3 billion USD) to cover the cost of hosting the Games. The Japanese government is considering increasing slot capacity at both Haneda Airport and Narita Airport by easing airspace restrictions. A new railway line is planned to link both airports through an expansion of Tokyo Station, cutting travel time from Tokyo Station to Haneda from 30 minutes to 18 minutes, and from Tokyo Station to Narita from 55 minutes to 36 minutes; the line would cost ¥400 billion yen and would be funded primarily by private investors. But East JR is planning a new route near Tamachi to Haneda Airport. Funding is also planned to accelerate completion of the Central Circular Route, Tokyo Gaikan Expressway and Ken-Ō Expressway, and to refurbish other major expressways in the area. There are also plans to extend the Yurikamome automated transit line from its existing terminal at Toyosu Station to a new terminal at Kachidoki Station, passing the site of the Olympic Village, although the Yurikamome would still not have adequate capacity to serve major events in the Odaiba area on its own.
Following the 2012 Games, the IOC assessed the 26 sports held in London, with the remit of selecting 25 'core' sports to join new entrants golf and rugby sevens at the 2020 Games. In effect, this would involve the dropping of one sport from the 2016 Games program. This would leave a single vacancy in the 2020 Games program, which the IOC would seek to fill from a shortlist containing seven unrepresented sports and the removed sport. Events such as modern pentathlon, taekwondo and badminton were among those considered vulnerable.
On 12 February 2013, IOC leaders voted to drop wrestling from the Olympic program, a surprise decision that removed one of the oldest Olympic sports from the 2020 Games. Wrestling, which combines freestyle and Greco-Roman events, goes back to the inaugural modern Olympics in Athens in 1896, and even further to the Ancient Olympic Games. The decision to drop wrestling was opposed in many countries and by their NOCs. Wrestling therefore joined other sports in a short list applying for inclusion in the 2020 Games.
On 29 May 2013, it was announced that three sports made the final shortlist; squash, baseball/softball, and wrestling. Five other sports (karate, roller sports, sport climbing, wakeboarding, and wushu) were excluded from consideration at this point. On 8 September 2013, at the 125th IOC Session, the IOC selected wrestling to be included in the Olympic program for 2020 and 2024. Wrestling secured 49 votes, while baseball/softball secured 24 votes and squash got 22 votes.
Under new IOC policies that shift the Games to an "event-based" programme rather than sport-based, the host organizing committee can now also propose the addition of sports to the programme—with a particular focus on adding sports that are popular in the host country. As a result of these changes, a new shortlist of eight sports were unveiled on 22 June 2015. These sports include baseball/softball, bowling, karate, roller sports, sport climbing, squash, surfing, and wushu. On 28 September 2015, organisers proposed 5 sports (baseball/softball, karate, sport climbing, surfing and skateboarding) to the IOC for inclusion in 2020, with the final decision in August 2016.
This calendar is adapted from the candidature file.
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Gold medals||CC||Closing ceremony|
|July / August||22
|Total gold medals||0||0||0||11||16||16||21||19||19||23||21||25||20||19||15||23||17||30||11||306|
|July / August||22
It was confirmed in February 2012 that the National Olympic Stadium in Tokyo would receive a $1 billion upgrade and full–scale reconstruction for the 2019 Rugby World Cup as well as the 2020 Olympics. As a result, a design competition for the new stadium was launched. In November 2012 the Japan Sport Council announced that out of 46 finalists, Zaha Hadid Architects was awarded the design for the new stadium. Plans included dismantling the original stadium, and expanding the capacity from 50,000 to a modern Olympic capacity of about 80,000. However, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced in July 2015 that plans to build the new National Stadium would be scrapped and rebid on amid public discontent over the stadium's building costs.
28 of the 33 competition venues in Tokyo are within 8 kilometres (5 miles) of the Olympic Village. 11 new venues are to be constructed.
Seven venues will be located within the central business area of Tokyo, northwest of the Olympic Village. Several of these venues were also used for the 1964 Summer Olympics.
- National Olympic Stadium – Opening and Closing Ceremonies, Athletics, Football (Final)
- Yoyogi National Gymnasium – Handball
- Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium – Table tennis
- Nippon Budokan – Judo
- Tokyo International Forum – Weight Lifting
- Imperial Palace Garden – Cycling (Road)
- Kokugikan Arena – Boxing
Tokyo Bay Zone
- Kasai Rinkai Park – Canoe Kayak (slalom)
- Oi Seaside Park – Hockey
- Olympic Aquatics Centre – Aquatics (swimming, diving and synchronised swimming)
- Tatsumi International Swimming Center - Water polo
- Dream Island Stadium – Equestrian (jumping, dressage and eventing)
- Dream Island Archery Field – Archery
- Ariake Arena – Volleyball
- Olympic Velodrome – Cycling (track)
- Olympic BMX Course – Cycling (BMX)
- Olympic Gymnastic Centre – Gymnastics (artistic, rhythmic and trampoline)
- Ariake Coliseum – Tennis
- Odaiba Marine Park – Triathlon and Aquatics (marathon swimming)
- Shiokaze Park – Beach Volleyball
- Sea Forest Cross–Country Course – Equestrian (eventing)
- Sea Forest Waterway – Rowing and Canoe Kayak (sprint)
- Sea Forest Mountain Bike Course – Cycling (mountain bike)
Sites farther than 8 km (5 miles) from the Olympic Village
- Asaka Shooting Range – Shooting
- Musashino Forest Sport Centre – Modern pentathlon (fencing), badminton
- Tokyo Stadium – Football, modern pentathlon (swimming, riding, running, shooting) and rugby sevens
- Kasumigaseki Country Club – Golf
- Saitama Super Arena - Basketball
- Enoshima - Sailing
- Makuhari Messe - Fencing, taekwondo and wrestling
- National Olympic Stadium
- Tokyo Stadium
- International Stadium Yokohama
- Saitama Stadium 2002
- Sapporo Dome
- Miyagi Stadium
- Imperial Hotel, Tokyo – IOC
- Harumi Futo – Olympic Village
- Tokyo Big Sight – Media Press Center, International Broadcast Center
The initial design for the official emblems of the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled on 24 July 2015. The logo resembled a stylized "T"; a red circle in the top-right corner represented a beating heart, the flag of Japan, and an "inclusive world in which everyone accepts each other", and a black column in the centre represented diversity.
Shortly after the unveiling, Belgian graphics designer Olivier Debie accused the organizing committee of plagiarizing a logo he had designed for the Théâtre de Liège, which aside from the circle, consisted of nearly identical shapes. Tokyo's organizing committee denied that the emblem design was plagiarized, arguing that the design had gone through "long, extensive and international" intellectual property examinations before it was cleared for use. Debie filed a lawsuit against the IOC to prevent use of the infringing logo.
The emblem's designer, Kenjiro Sano, defended the design, stating that he had never seen the Liège logo, while TOCOG released an early sketch of the design that emphasized a stylized "T" and did not resemble the Liège logo. However, Sano was found to have had a history of plagiarism, with others alleging his early design plagiarized work of Jan Tschichold, that he used a photo without permission in promotional materials for the emblem, along with other past cases. On 1 September 2015, following an emergency meeting of TOCOG, Governor of Tokyo Yoichi Masuzoe announced that they had decided to scrap Sano's two logos. The committee met on 2 September 2015 to decide how to approach another new logo design. In October 2015, an Emblems Selection Committee was established to organize an open call for design proposals, with a deadline set for 7 December 2015. The new emblem is expected to be unveiled in January 2016.
While the 2020 Olympic Games organizers decided to drop Sano’s design despite rejecting the plagiarism claims, government officials seem content with “&TOKYO” and have not addressed Plug & See’s claims. a French eyewear startup has noted similarities between its company logo and a new one representing the city of Tokyo that Japanese government officials unveiled just last week.
Worldwide Olympic Partners
- The Coca-Cola Company
- Dow Chemical Company
- General Electric
- Omega SA
- Procter & Gamble
- Samsung Electronics
- Visa Inc.
- Asahi Breweries
- Canon Inc.
- JX Holdings
- Mitsui Fudosan
- Mizuho Financial Group
- Nippon Life
- NEC Corporation
- Nippon Telegraph and Telephone
- Nomura Holdings
- Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group
- Tokio Marine Nichido
In Europe, these will be the first Summer Olympics under the IOC's exclusive pan-European rights deal with Discovery Communications, which began at the 2018 Winter Olympics. The rights for the 2020 Games cover almost all of Europe, excluding Russia, as well as France and the United Kingdom due to pre-existing rights deals that will expire following these Games, thus marking the BBC's and France Télévisions' final Olympics. Discovery will sub-license coverage to free-to-air networks in each territory.
Below are the confirmed television right holders:
- Asia1 – Dentsu
- Australia – Seven Network
- Canada – CBC/Radio-Canada, Sportsnet, TSN
- China – CCTV
- Europe2 – Discovery Communications, Eurosport
- France – France Télévisions, Canal+
- Japan – Japan Consortium
- MENA – beIN Sports
- North Korea – SBS
- South Korea – SBS
- United Kingdom – BBC
- United States – NBC
- ^1 – Rights in 22 countries in Asia, to be resold to local broadcasters.
- ^2 – Except in France, Russia and United Kingdom.
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- Toshiaki Endo appointed Olympics minister
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- Supron odesłał medal IO na znak protestu - Sporty walki - www.orange.pl
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- IOC: Baseball/softball, squash and wrestling make cut for IOC Session vote in Buenos Aires
- Wrestling, baseball/softball and squash shortlisted by IOC for 2020 as five fail to make cut
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- Baseball, softball among 8 sports proposed for 2020 Games
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- "Candidature file for the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics" (PDF). p. 8-9. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Super Bowl Ads; Japan National Stadium Upgrade; Contador Banned
- New National Stadium design announced, boosting Tokyo Olympic bid
- Himmer, Alastair (17 July 2015). "Japan rips up 2020 Olympic stadium plans to start anew". news.yahoo.com. AFP. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
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- Originally to be held at Water Polo Arena in Koto, Tokyo; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Badminton originally to be held at Youth Plaza Arena; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Rugby sevens originally to be held at National Olympic Stadium; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Originally to be held at Youth Plaza Arena; proposal for venue change to Saitama Super Arena in late 2014 was confirmed in March 2015 by the IOC. "IOC supports Tokyo’s plans to relocate Olympic venues". The Japan Times. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2015. "Moving 2020 hoops to Saitama latest blow for game". The Japan Times. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
- Or1936iginally to be held at Wakasu Olympic Marina; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- All three events originally to be held at Tokyo Big Sight; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Tokyo 2020 Emblems Committee relax competition rules ahead of search for new logo". InsideTheGames.biz. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
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- "Tokyo Olympic Games logo embroiled in plagiarism row". The Guardian. 30 July 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Tokyo Olympics emblem said to look similar to Belgian theater logo". The Japan Times. 30 July 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
- "Tokyo 2020 Olympics logo scrapped after allegations of plagiarism". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
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- "Tokyo Plagued by Another Logo Plagiarism Fiasco".
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|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games 2020.|
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XXXII Olympiad (2020)