2020 Summer Paralympics

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XVI Paralympic Games
New 2020 Summer Paralympics Emblem.svg
Host city Tokyo, Japan
Motto Discover Tomorrow
(Japanese: 未来あしたをつかもう)
Events 540 in 22 sports
Opening 25 August
Closing 6 September
Stadium New National Stadium
Summer
Rio 2016 Paris 2024
Winter
PyeongChang 2018 Beijing 2022

The 2020 Summer Paralympics (Japanese: 第十六回パラリンピック競技大会, Hepburn: Dai Jūroku-kai Pararinpikku Kyōgi Taikai) are an upcoming major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee. Scheduled as the 16th Summer Paralympic Games, it is planned to be held in Tokyo, Japan from 25 August to 6 September 2020. This will mark the second time Tokyo has hosted the Paralympics, as they were first hosted there in 1964 alongside the 1964 Summer Olympics.

These Games will see the introduction of badminton and taekwondo to the Paralympic programme, with the removal of sailing and 7-a-side football.[1] [2]

Bids[edit]

As part of a formal agreement between the International Paralympic Committee and the International Olympic Committee first established in 2001, the winner of the bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics must also host the 2020 Summer Paralympics.[3] After the second round of voting, which followed a tie-breaker, the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics were awarded to Tokyo at the 125th IOC Session,

2020 Summer Olympics host city election[4][dead link]
City NOC name Round 1 Runoff Round 2
Tokyo  Japan 42 60
Istanbul  Turkey 26 49 36
Madrid  Spain 26 45

Preparations[edit]

Transport[edit]

Ahead of the 2016 Summer Paralympics closing ceremony, Governor of Tokyo Yuriko Koike advocated for Tokyo to improve its accessibility as a legacy project for the Games. She cited narrow roadways with no sidewalks, and buildings constructed with narrow doorways and low ceilings as challenges that needed to be overcome in time for the Olympics and Paralympics. In particular, she called for a transition to underground power lines to facilitate the widening of roads.[5][6][7]

The Games[edit]

Sports[edit]

Events in 22 sports will be held during the 2020 Summer Paralympics. Cycling events will be split into road and track disciplines. Team events of goalball, sitting volleyball, and wheelchair basketball continue as men's and women's events, wheelchair rugby continues to be a mixed event, while 5-a-side-football event will only be open to male competitors.[8]

New sports[edit]

In January 2014, the IPC began accepting bids for new sports to be added to the Paralympic programme; they included amputee football, badminton, electric wheelchair hockey, powerchair football, and taekwondo. New disciplines were also proposed in existing events, including visually impaired match racing and one-person multi-hull in sailing, and 3-on-3 basketball in intellectually disabled (ID) and wheelchair classifications.[9][10]

On 31 January 2015, the IPC officially announced that badminton and taekwondo had been added to the Paralympic programme for 2020, which will replace 7-a-side football and sailing (both dropped due to an insufficient international reach).[8]

Venues[edit]

The venues for the Paralympic games as detailed on the Tokyo 2020 official website.[11]

Tokyo Bay, where a number of events will be held
Nippon Budokan, host of the Judo event
The International Broadcast and Main Press Centre

Heritage Zone[edit]

Tokyo Bay Zone[edit]

Venues Outside 10km Area[edit]

Non-Competition Venues[edit]

  • Harumi Futo Paralympic Village
  • Tokyo Big Sight Conference Tower - International Media and Broadcast Centre

Participating nations[edit]

Participating National Paralympic Committees

Marketing[edit]

[edit]

The emblems of the 2020 Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled 25 April 2016. The Paralympic emblem features a laurel wreath-like shape filled with an indigo-colored checkerboard pattern. The design is meant to "express a refined elegance and sophistication that exemplifies Japan".[13] The designs replaced a previous emblem which had been scrapped due to allegations that its Olympic version plagiarized the logo of a Belgian theatre.[14]

Mascot[edit]

Someity (right), the Paralympic mascot, and Miraitowa (left), the Olympic mascot

The shortlist of mascots for the Tokyo Games was unveiled on 7 December 2017 and the winning entry was announced on 28 February 2018. Candidate pair A, created by Ryo Taniguchi, received the most votes (109,041) and was declared the winner, defeating Kana Yano's pair B (61,423 votes) and Sanae Akimoto's pair C (35,291 votes). Someity is a figure with pink chequered patterns inspired by the Games' official logo, and cherry blossom flowers; it has a calm but powerful ability, it is nature loving and speaks to the wind. Both Miraitowa and Someity were named by the Organising Committee by 22 July 2018.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paralympic medal programme for Tokyo 2020 announced with athletics and swimming events reduced
  2. ^ New medal event added to road cycling schedule for Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games
  3. ^ "Paralympics 2012: London to host 'first truly global Games'". BBC Sport. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "2020 Olympics Vote Total Box". Associated Press. Miami Herald. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "2016 Rio Paralympics: 2020 host Tokyo to undergo major overhauls to provide better disability access". Adelaide Now. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Marukawa says Tokyo must solve traffic issue before 2020 Games". The Japan Times. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "Paralympics could help remake Tokyo's narrow roads, doorways". Japan Today. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "IPC announces final Tokyo 2020 Paralympic sports program". International Paralympic Committee. 2015-01-31. Retrieved 2015-02-03. 
  9. ^ "Sports apply for 2020 Tokyo Paralympic inclusion". BBC Sport. 2014-01-22. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  10. ^ "Six sports and three disciplines confirmed as bidding for Tokyo 2020 Paralympics inclusion". insidethegames.biz. 2014-01-22. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  11. ^ tokyo2020.jp. "Paralympic venues". Retrieved 2016-08-31. 
  12. ^ Badminton originally to be held at Youth Plaza Arena; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Checkered pattern by artist Tokolo chosen as logo for 2020 Tokyo Olympics". Japan Times. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  14. ^ "Tokyo 2020 Olympics logo scrapped after allegations of plagiarism". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  15. ^ "10th Meeting of the Mascot Selection Panel" (Press release). Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. 30 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Rio de Janeiro
Summer Paralympics
Tokyo

XVI Paralympic Winter Games (2020)
Succeeded by
Paris