2020 Summer Paralympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
XVI Paralympic Games
170 pxbcf m/=(#?)?)' m
Host city Tokyo, Japan
Motto Positive Switch [1]
Events
Opening ceremony August 25
Closing ceremony September 6
Paralympic stadium New National Stadium
Summer:
Rio 2016 2024  >
Winter:
Pyeongchang 2018 Beijing 2022  >

The 2020 Summer Paralympics (第十六回パラリンピック競技大会 Dai Jūroku-kai Pararinpikku Kyōgi Taikai). the sixteenth Summer Paralympic Games, are an upcoming major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee, to be held in Tokyo, Japan from 25 August to 6 September 2020. This will mark the second time Tokyo has hosted the Paralympics, as they were first hosted there in 1964 alongside the 1964 Summer Olympics.

These Games will see the introduction of badminton and taekwondo to the Paralympic programme, with the removal of sailing and 7-a-side football.

Bids[edit]

As part of a formal agreement between the International Paralympic Committee and the International Olympic Committee first established in 2001, the winner of the bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics must also host the 2020 Summer Paralympics.[2] After the second round of voting, which followed a tie-breaker, the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics were awarded to Tokyo at the 125th IOC Session,

2020 Summer Olympics host city election[3]
City NOC name Round 1 Runoff Round 2
Tokyo  Japan 42 60
Istanbul  Turkey 26 49 36
Madrid  Spain 26 45

Preparations[edit]

Transport[edit]

Ahead of the 2016 Summer Paralympics closing ceremony, Governor of Tokyo Yuriko Koike advocated for Tokyo to improve its accessibility as a legacy project for the Games. She cited narrow roadways with no sidewalks, and buildings constructed with narrow doorways and low ceilings as challenges that needed to be overcome in time for the Olympics and Paralympics. In particular, she called for power lines to be moved from utility poles to underground to facilitate the widening of roads.[4][5][6]

The Games[edit]

Sports[edit]

22 events are scheduled to make up the 2020 Paralympics. Cycling events will be split into two disciplines; road and track. Team events of Goalball, Sitting Volleyball, and Wheelchair Basketball continue as men's and women's events, Wheelchair Rugby continues a mixed event, while the 5-a-side-football event will only be open to male competitors. [7]

New sports[edit]

In January 2014, the IPC began accepting bids for new sports to be added to the Paralympic programme; these included amputee football, badminton, 3-on-3 basketball for athletes with intellectual disability, electric wheelchair hockey, powerchair football, and taekwondo. New disciplines were also proposed in existing events, including visually impaired Match racing and one-person multi-hull in sailing, and 3-on-3 wheelchair basketball.[8][9]

On 31 January 2015, the IPC officially announced the 22 sports that will be contested in Tokyo, and that badminton and taekwondo would make their Paralympic debut at these Games. At the same time, 7-a-side football and sailing were dropped; the IPC dropped the sports because they had an insufficient international reach.[7]

Venues[edit]

The venues for the Paralympic games as detailed on the Tokyo 2020 official website.[10]

Tokyo Bay, where a number of events will be held
Nippon Budokan, host of the Judo event
The International Broadcast and Main Press Centre

Heritage Zone[edit]

Tokyo Bay Zone[edit]

Venues Outside 10km Area[edit]

Non-Competition Venues[edit]

  • Harumi Futo Paralympic Village
  • Tokyo Big Sight Conference Tower - International Media and Broadcast Centre

Marketing[edit]

[edit]

The initial emblems of the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled on 24 July 2015. The Paralympic emblem was an inverted variation of the Olympics version, with the outer columns colored black instead of the centre, making it resemble an equals sign (as opposed to the Olympic emblem, where the centre column was black to form a "T"). A red circle in the top-right corner represented a beating heart, the flag of Japan, and an inclusive world in which everyone accepts each other."[12][13] The emblems were pulled on 1 September 2015 after it was found that the Olympics design had plagiarized the logo of a Belgian theatre.[14][15] Following an open competition, the final emblem was unveiled on 25 April 2016. It features a laurel wreath-like shape filled with an indigo-colored checkerboard pattern. The design is meant to "express a refined elegance and sophistication that exemplifies Japan".[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tokyo 2020 Positive Switch". JojoScope. 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  2. ^ "Paralympics 2012: London to host 'first truly global Games'". BBC Sport. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "2020 Olympics Vote Total Box". Associated Press. Miami Herald. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "2016 Rio Paralympics: 2020 host Tokyo to undergo major overhauls to provide better disability access". Adelaide Now. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "Marukawa says Tokyo must solve traffic issue before 2020 Games". The Japan Times. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Paralympics could help remake Tokyo's narrow roads, doorways". Japan Today. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "IPC announces final Tokyo 2020 Paralympic sports program". International Paralympic Committee. 2015-01-31. Retrieved 2015-02-03. 
  8. ^ "Sports apply for 2020 Tokyo Paralympic inclusion". BBC Sport. 2014-01-22. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  9. ^ "Six sports and three disciplines confirmed as bidding for Tokyo 2020 Paralympics inclusion". insidethegames.biz. 2014-01-22. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  10. ^ tokyo2020.jp. "Paralympic venues". Retrieved 2016-08-31. 
  11. ^ Badminton originally to be held at Youth Plaza Arena; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Tokyo 2020 launches emblems for the Olympic and Paralympic Games". IPC. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "Tokyo 2020 unveils official emblem with five years to go". Olympic.org. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  14. ^ "Tokyo Games organizers decide to scrap Sano emblem". NHK World. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  15. ^ "Tokyo 2020 Olympics logo scrapped after allegations of plagiarism". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  16. ^ "Checkered pattern by artist Tokolo chosen as logo for 2020 Tokyo Olympics". Japan Times. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 

External links[edit]