2020 Summer Paralympics

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XVI Paralympic Games
2020 Summer Paralympics logo new.svg
Host cityTokyo, Japan
MottoDiscover Tomorrow
(Japanese: 未来あしたをつかもう)
Athletes4400 (expected)
Events540 in 22 sports
Opening25 August
Closing6 September
Opened by
Emperor of Japan (expected)
StadiumNew National Stadium
Summer
Rio 2016 Paris 2024
Winter
PyeongChang 2018 Beijing 2022

The 2020 Summer Paralympics (Japanese: 第十六回パラリンピック競技大会, Hepburn: Dai Jūroku-kai Pararinpikku Kyōgi Taikai) are an upcoming major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee. Scheduled as the 16th Summer Paralympic Games, it is planned to be held in Tokyo, Japan from 25 August to 6 September 2020. This will mark the second time Tokyo has hosted the Paralympics, as they were first hosted there in 1964 alongside the 1964 Summer Olympics.

These Games will see the introduction of badminton and taekwondo to the Paralympic programme, replacing sailing and 7-a-side football.

Bids[edit]

As part of a formal agreement between the International Paralympic Committee and the International Olympic Committee first established in 2001, the winner of the bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics must also host the 2020 Summer Paralympics.[1] After the second round of voting, which followed a tie-breaker, the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics were awarded to Tokyo at the 125th IOC Session,

2020 Summer Olympics host city election[2]
City NOC name Round 1 Runoff Round 2
Tokyo  Japan 42 60
Istanbul  Turkey 26 49 36
Madrid  Spain 26 45

Preparations[edit]

Transport[edit]

Ahead of the 2016 Summer Paralympics closing ceremony, Governor of Tokyo Yuriko Koike advocated for the city to improve its accessibility as a legacy project for the Games. She cited narrow roadways with no sidewalks, and buildings constructed with narrow doorways and low ceilings, as challenges that needed to be overcome. In particular, she called for a transition to underground power lines to facilitate the widening of roads.[3][4][5]

Volunteers[edit]

In September 2018 applications to be volunteers as the Olympic and Paralympic Games were released. By January 2019 186,101 application had been received. Interviews to whittle the numbers down began in February 2019 and training taking place in October 2019.[6] The volunteers at the venues will be known as "Field Cast" and the volunteers in the city will be known as "City Cast." These names were chosen from a shortlist of four out of a original 149 pairs of names. The other shortlisted names were "Shining Blue and Shining Blue Tokyo", "Games Anchor and City Anchor" and "Games Force and City Force." The names were chosen by the people who had applied to be volunteers at the games.[7]

Medals[edit]

In January 2016 the task force that was created to look at the legacy of the games recommended that Tokyo follows Rio's lead and make the medals from recycled materials.[8] while a petition created in July 2016 calling for the medals to be made from recycled material had 10,000 signatures by October 2016.[9] The medals for the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics will be constructed using recycled metals; the organizing committee began an electronics recycling program to obtain the materials,with boxes for people to donate old mobile phones appearing from April 2017.[10][11] Organisers needed to collect eight tonnes of metal - 40 kilograms of gold, 4,290kg of silver and 2,944kg of bronze in order to make the medals for the Olympic and Paralympic games.[12] In May 2018 the organising committee noted that they had a shortage of silver needed for the medals.[13] In November 2018 organisers announced that they had reached their 2,700 kilograms target of bronze and expected that the required amount of gold and silver would be reached by March 2019 for the medals.[14][15] In December 2017 the organising committee launched a competition with the winner having their design on the medals.[16]

Torch[edit]

Aluminium taken from temporary housing in Fukushima will be used to make the torches for the Olympic and Paralympic flames. More than 10,000 pieces of aluminium will be used and organisers contacted local authorities to see which houses were no longer being used.[15] In December 2018,organisers announced that the slogan of the relay would be Share Your Light. The relay will take place in minor scale than the olympic relay ,starting in Tokyo, and local flames are to be lighted through Saitama, Chiba and Shizuoka prefectures where events of the games will be held.[17][18]

The Games[edit]

Sports[edit]

Events in 22 sports will be held during the 2020 Summer Paralympics. Cycling events will be split into road and track disciplines. Team events of goalball, sitting volleyball, and wheelchair basketball continue as men's and women's events, wheelchair rugby continues to be a mixed event, while 5-a-side-football will only be open to male competitors.[19] New events and classifications have also been added or realigned in other sports.[20][21]

New sports[edit]

In January 2014, the IPC began accepting bids for new sports to be added to the Paralympic programme; they included amputee football, badminton, electric wheelchair hockey, powerchair football, and taekwondo. New disciplines were also proposed in existing events, including visually impaired match racing and one-person multi-hull in sailing, and 3-on-3 basketball in intellectually disabled (ID) and wheelchair classifications.[22][23]

On 31 January 2015, the IPC officially announced that badminton and taekwondo had been added to the Paralympic programme for 2020, which will replace 7-a-side football and sailing (both dropped due to an insufficient international reach).[19]

Test events[edit]

There will be test events before the Olympic and Paralympic Games,[24][25] they will be contested from June 2019 to June 2020 before the start of the 2020 Summer Olympics. The selected Paralympic sports will be athletics (2-3 May 2020), goalball (28-29 September 2019), paratriathlon (15-18 August 2019) , powerlifting (26-27 September 2019), swimming (16 April 2020) and wheelchair rugby (12-15 March 2020). It was announced in February 2019 that test events would be under the banner "Ready, Steady, Tokyo." 22 of the 56 events would be organised by the Tokyo organising committee and the rest by national and international organisations. World Sailing’s World Cup Series held at Enoshima was the first test event, with last one set to be the Tokyo Challenge Track Meet in May 2020.[26]

Venues[edit]

The venues for the Paralympic games as detailed on the Tokyo 2020 official website.[27]

Tokyo Bay, where a number of events will be held
Nippon Budokan, host of the Judo event
The International Broadcast and Main Press Centre

Heritage Zone[edit]

Tokyo Bay Zone[edit]

Venues Outside 10km Area[edit]

Non-Competition Venues[edit]

  • Harumi Futo Paralympic Village
  • Tokyo Big Sight Conference Tower - International Media and Broadcast Centre

Participating nations[edit]

Participating National Paralympic Committees

Marketing[edit]

[edit]

The emblems of the 2020 Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled 25 April 2016. The Paralympic emblem features a hand fan in a circle form, filled with an indigo-colored checkerboard pattern. The design is meant to "express a refined elegance and sophistication that exemplifies Japan".[29] The designs replaced a previous emblem which had been scrapped due to allegations that it plagiarized the logo of the Théâtre de Liège in Belgium.

Mascot[edit]

Someity (right), the Paralympic mascot, and Miraitowa (left), the Olympic mascot

The shortlist of mascots for the Tokyo Games was unveiled on 7 December 2017 and the winning entry was announced on 28 February 2018. Candidate pair A, created by Ryo Taniguchi, received the most votes (109,041) and was declared the winner, defeating Kana Yano's pair B (61,423 votes) and Sanae Akimoto's pair C (35,291 votes). Someity is a figure with pink chequered patterns inspired by the Games' official logo, and cherry blossom flowers; it has a calm but powerful ability, it is nature loving and speaks to the wind. Both Miraitowa and Someity were named by the Organising Committee by 22 July 2018.[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Paralympics 2012: London to host 'first truly global Games'". BBC Sport. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  2. ^ Wilson, Stephen (8 September 2013). "Results of the IOC vote to host the 2020 Summer Olympics". Austin American-Statesman. Associated Press. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  3. ^ "2016 Rio Paralympics: 2020 host Tokyo to undergo major overhauls to provide better disability access". Adelaide Now. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Marukawa says Tokyo must solve traffic issue before 2020 Games". The Japan Times. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Paralympics could help remake Tokyo's narrow roads, doorways". Japan Today. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  6. ^ "Tokyo 2020: 180,000 apply to be volunteers". IPC.
  7. ^ https://www.olympic.org/news/volunteer-names-unveiled-for-tokyo-2020
  8. ^ https://www.insidethegames.biz/articles/1033371/tokyo-2020-could-follow-rios-lead-with-recycled-medals
  9. ^ https://www.insidethegames.biz/articles/1042524/campaign-underway-to-use-recycled-metal-to-make-tokyo-2020-medals
  10. ^ Palmer, Dan (1 February 2017). "Tokyo 2020 urge public to help create recycled medals". inside the games.
  11. ^ "Project to recycle old mobile phones for Olympic medals gets off to slow start". The Japan Times Online. 2 January 2018. ISSN 0447-5763. Archived from the original on 4 November 2018. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  12. ^ Pavitt, Michael (29 June 2017). "Coventry contributes to medal project and praises Tokyo 2020's empowerment of athletes". inside the games.
  13. ^ https://www.insidethegames.biz/articles/1064844/japan-struggles-for-silver-for-tokyo-2020-medals
  14. ^ Pavitt, Michael (25 November 2018). "Bach donates to project recycling metals for Tokyo 2020 medals". inside the games.
  15. ^ a b Gillen, Nancy (4 January 2019). "Recycled aluminium from temporary housing in Fukushima to be used for Tokyo 2020 Olympic Torches". inside the games.
  16. ^ Etchells, Daniel (22 December 2017). "Tokyo 2020 launches Olympic and Paralympic medal design competition". inside the games.
  17. ^ "Tokyo 2020: Torch Relay concept revealed". IPC. 21 December 2018.
  18. ^ https://tokyo2020.org/en/games/torch/paralympic/
  19. ^ a b "IPC announces final Tokyo 2020 Paralympic sports program". International Paralympic Committee. 31 January 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  20. ^ "New medal event added to road cycling schedule for Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games". Inside the Games. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  21. ^ "Paralympic medal programme for Tokyo 2020 announced with athletics and swimming events reduced". Inside the Games. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  22. ^ "Sports apply for 2020 Tokyo Paralympic inclusion". BBC Sport. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  23. ^ "Six sports and three disciplines confirmed as bidding for Tokyo 2020 Paralympics inclusion". insidethegames.biz. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  24. ^ "Tokyo 2020 Test Events". Tokyo 2020. 3 January 2019.
  25. ^ "Tokyo 2020: Test event schedule announced". www.paralympic.org. 2 October 2018.
  26. ^ https://www.olympic.org/news/tokyo-2020-unveils-its-olympic-test-event-schedule
  27. ^ tokyo2020.jp. "Paralympic venues". Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  28. ^ Badminton originally to be held at Youth Plaza Arena; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  29. ^ "Checkered pattern by artist Tokolo chosen as logo for 2020 Tokyo Olympics". Japan Times. Archived from the original on 25 April 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  30. ^ "10th Meeting of the Mascot Selection Panel" (Press release). Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. 30 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Rio de Janeiro
Summer Paralympics
Tokyo

XVI Paralympic Winter Games (2020)
Succeeded by
Paris