Azilises

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Azilises
Indo-Scythian king
AzilisesWearingTunic.jpg
Azilises on horse, wearing a tunic, with Greek legend "BASILEOS BASILEON MEGALOY AZILISOU": "The great King of Kings Azilises".
Reign Indo-Scythians: 57–35 BC
Predecessor Azes I
Successor Azes II
Silver tetradrachm of Azilises (9.38 g), minted in Gandhara. Obv BASILEWS BASILEWN MEGALOU AZILISOU, king on horseback with lance. Rev "Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayilishasa", Tyche standing left, holding lamp and palm.
Aziles Indian standard coin with elephant.
Azilises coin depicting Gaja Lakshmi standing on a lotus, 1st century BCE.

Azilises (ruled circa 57-35 BCE) was an Indo-Scythian king who ruled in the area of Gandhara.

Coinage[edit]

Azilises issued some joint coins with Azes, where Azes is presented as king on the obverse ("BASILEOS BASILEON MEGALOY AZOY"), and Azilises is introduced as king on the obverse in kharoshthi ("Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayilisasa", "The great king, the king of kings, the great Azilises").[1]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Coins of the Indo-Greeks", Mitchener p.132

References[edit]

  • The Shape of Ancient Thought. Comparative studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies by Thomas McEvilley (Allworth Press and the School of Visual Arts, 2002) ISBN 1-58115-203-5
  • The Greeks in Bactria and India, W.W. Tarn, Cambridge University Press.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Azes I
Indo-Scythian Ruler
57–35 BC
Succeeded by
Azes II
Indo-Scythian kings, territories and chronology
Territories/
dates
Western India Western Pakistan
Balochistan
Paropamisadae
Arachosia
Bajaur Gandhara Western Punjab Eastern Punjab Mathura
INDO-GREEK KINGDOM
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90–70 BCE Hermaeus Archebius
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65–55 BCE Spalirises
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55–35 BCE Azes I Zoilos II
55–35 BCE Azilises
Azes II
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130-230 CE

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Samghadaman
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Rudrasena II
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INDO-SASANIANS
Ardashir I, Sassanid king and "Kushanshah" (c. 230 – 250)
Peroz I, "Kushanshah" (c. 250 – 265)
Hormizd I, "Kushanshah" (c. 265 – 295)

Kanishka II (c. 230 – 240)
Vashishka (c. 240 – 250)
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280-300 Bhratadarman Datayola II

Hormizd II, "Kushanshah" (c. 295 – 300)

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300-320 CE

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Peroz II, "Kushanshah" (c. 300 – 325)

Vasudeva III
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Chhu (c. 310? – 325)

320-388 CE

Yasodaman II
Rudradaman II
Rudrasena III
Simhasena
Rudrasena IV

Shapur II Sassanid king and "Kushanshah" (c. 325)
Varhran I, Varhran II, Varhran III "Kushanshahs" (c. 325 – 350)
Peroz III "Kushanshah" (c. 350 –360)
HEPHTHALITE/ HUNAS invasions

Shaka I (c. 325 – 345)
Kipunada (c. 345 – 375)

GUPTA EMPIRE
Chandragupta I Samudragupta


388-396 CE Rudrasimha III Chandragupta II


  1. ^ From the dated inscription on the Rukhana reliquary
  2. ^ An Inscribed Silver Buddhist Reliquary of the Time of King Kharaosta and Prince Indravarman, Richard Salomon, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 116, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1996), pp. 442 [1]
  3. ^ A Kharosthī Reliquary Inscription of the Time of the Apraca Prince Visnuvarma, by Richard Salomon, South Asian Studies 11 1995, Pages 27-32, Published online: 09 Aug 2010 [2]