Baltimore–Washington International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport
BWI Logo.svg
BWI airport terminal.jpg
Airport type Public
Owner Maryland Aviation Administration
Serves Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area
Location Linthicum, Maryland, U.S.
Hub for Southern Airways Express[1]
Focus city for Southwest Airlines
Elevation AMSL 146 ft / 45 m
Coordinates 39°10′31″N 076°40′06″W / 39.17528°N 76.66833°W / 39.17528; -76.66833Coordinates: 39°10′31″N 076°40′06″W / 39.17528°N 76.66833°W / 39.17528; -76.66833
A map with a grid overlay showing the terminals runways and other structures of the airport.
FAA airport diagram
BWI is located in Maryland
BWI is located in the US
Location of airport in Maryland / United States
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10/28 10,502 3,201 Asphalt
15L/33R 5,000 1,524 Asphalt
15R/33L 9,500 2,896 Asphalt
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 100 30 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 25,122,651
Aircraft operations 248,585
Based aircraft 73 (2,010)
Cargo 260,309,358 lb (118,074 t)
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[2] and BWI Airport.[3]

Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (IATA: BWIICAO: KBWIFAA LID: BWI) is an international airport located in Linthicum,[4] an unincorporated community in northern Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States. The airport is 9 miles (14 km) south of downtown Baltimore[5] and 32 miles (51 km) northeast of Washington, D.C.[6] It is the busiest, by passenger count, of three major airports serving the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area, the other two being Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and Washington Dulles International Airport. It is commonly referred to as BWI or BWI Marshall. The airport is named after Thurgood Marshall, a Baltimore native who was the first African American to be a judge on the Supreme Court of the United States.

BWI is a focus city for Southwest Airlines, and is the second-largest airport by number of departures for that airline after Chicago–Midway.[7] With a 71% market share in 2014,[8] BWI is also a fortress hub for Southwest. BWI is also a small regional hub for Southern Airways Express.[9] A record 25.1 million passengers traveled through BWI in 2016, an increase of 5.45% over the previous year.[10] BWI was ranked as the 23rd-busiest airport in North America and the 75th busiest airport in the world in 2014 by the number of passengers.[11] BWI covers 3,160 acres (1,279 ha) of land.[12]

In 2010, BWI was ranked as the best airport of its size (15–25 mil. passengers) in the world by the Airports Council International based on its 2009 Airport Service Quality survey.[13] The airport also was ranked second for North American airports in the "Best Food and Beverage Program" of the 2010 Richard A. Griesbach Excellence in Airport Concessions Contest, sponsored by the Airports Council International.[14]

Police services are provided by the Maryland Transportation Authority Police.


Early years[edit]

Aerial of BWI Marshall Airport with Downtown Baltimore in background.
United Airlines Douglas DC-6B at Friendship Airport in 1967 with old terminal in background.

Planning for a new airport on 3,200 acres (1,300 ha) to serve the Baltimore/Washington area began just before the end of World War II. In 1944, the Baltimore Aviation Commission announced its decision that the best location to build a new airport would be on a 2,100-acre (850 ha) tract of land near Linthicum Heights.[15][16] The cost of building the airport was estimated at $9 million.[16] The site was chosen because it was a 15-minute drive from downtown Baltimore; close to the Pennsylvania Railroad line, the Baltimore and Annapolis Railroad line, and the proposed Baltimore–Washington Parkway; and visibility was generally good.[16] An alternate site along Gov. Ritchie Highway at Furnace Branch was rejected by the United States War Department, and another possible site at Lipin's Corner was deemed too far from Baltimore.[16] The State Aviation Commission approved of the Linthicum Heights site in 1946.[17]

Much of the land was purchased from Friendship Methodist Church in 1946,[18] and ground was broken on May 2, 1947.[19][20] Friendship Methodist Church held its last service on Easter Sunday in 1948.[21] Friendship Methodist Church was razed to make room for the new airport.[21] In addition, several pieces of land were bought,[22] and 170 bodies buried in a cemetery were moved.[23] Baltimore-Fort Meade Road was moved to the west to make way for the airport's construction.[24]

Friendship International Airport was dedicated on June 24, 1950, by 33rd President Harry S. Truman (1884-1972, served 1945-1953). At the time, it had the only commercial jet service in the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area.[25] Truman arrived in the then official presidential plane Independence from nearby Washington National Airport carrying Governor of Maryland, William Preston Lane, Jr. and Baltimore Mayor Thomas D'Alesandro, Jr. on his first aircraft flight.[26] The total cost to construct the airport totaled $15 million.[27] The following month the airlines moved to the new airport from the old Baltimore Municipal Airport (also known as Harbor Field in southeast Baltimore at 39°15′N 76°32′W / 39.25°N 76.53°W / 39.25; -76.53). Eastern Airlines flew the first scheduled flight, a DC-3, into the airport at 12:01 am on July 23, 1950.[27] Seven minutes later, the same plane was also the first flight to depart from the airport.[27] 300 people came to watch the first flight arrive and depart.[27]

The Official Airline Guide for April 1957 shows 52 weekday departures: 19 Eastern, 12 Capital, 8 American, 4 National, 3 TWA, 3 United, 2 Delta, and 1 Allegheny. Miami had a couple of nonstop flights, but westward nonstop flights did not reach beyond Ohio; Baltimore's reach expanded when jet service started. The early Boeing 707s and Douglas DC-8s could not use Washington National Airport and Washington Dulles International Airport did not open until 1962, so Baltimore became Washington's jet airport in May–June 1959 when American and TWA began transcontinental 707 flights.[28]


Henson Airlines Shorts 330 plane at BWI Airport in 1983.
Air Ontario Dash 100 C-GONW at BWI Airport in 1994.

The State of Maryland, through the Maryland Department of Transportation, purchased Friendship International Airport from the City of Baltimore for $36 million in 1972.[29] Under MDOT, the Maryland State Aviation Administration took over airfield operations and grew from three employees to more than 200. Plans to upgrade, improve, and modernize all Maryland airport facilities were announced almost immediately by the Secretary of Transportation, Harry Hughes.

In order to attract passengers from the Washington metropolitan area, particularly Montgomery and Prince George's counties,[25] the airport was renamed Baltimore/Washington International Airport, effective November 16, 1973.[30]

The first phase of the airport's modernization was completed in 1974 at a cost of $30 million. Upgrades included improved instrument landing capabilities and runway systems, and construction of three new air cargo terminals, expanding the airport's freight capacity to 2.53 acres (1.02 ha).[30]

The passenger terminal renovation program was complete in 1979, the most dramatic work of the airport's modernization, which was designed by DMJM along with Peterson & Brickbauer.[31] The BWI terminal more than doubled in size to 14.58 acres (5.90 ha); the number of gate positions increased from 20 to 27. The total cost was $70 million. To continue the work, the BWI Development Council was established to support initiatives for airport development.[30]

The BWI Rail Station opened in 1980, providing a rail connection to passengers on the busy Northeast Corridor through Amtrak. BWI was the first airport in the U.S. with a dedicated intercity rail station.[32] In particular, the station provided relatively easy transit access to Washington, D.C., something that Dulles will not have until 2018 at the earliest. In 1997 a new international terminal (Concourse E), designed by STV Group and William Nicholas Bodouva & Associates,[33] was added,[34] though Dulles continues to hold the lion's share of the region's international flights, and BWI has not attracted many long-haul international carriers. British Airways has had a presence at BWI for many years. AerLingus,[35] Air Jamaica,[36] Air Aruba,[37] Air Greenland, El Al, Ghana Airways, Icelandair, KLM, Ladeco, and Mexicana previously flew to BWI. Military flights, operated by the U.S. Air Force's Air Mobility Command, continue to have a significant presence at BWI.[citation needed]

In the first half of the 1990s, runway 15L/33R was extended 1,800 feet (550 m) from 3,199 ft (975 m) to its current length of 5,000 ft (1,500 m), allowing it to be used for smaller passenger jets like the Boeing 737.

Beginning in the 1980s and later for much of the 1990s, BWI was a major hub for Piedmont Airlines and successor US Airways, but that airline's financial difficulties in the wake of the dot-com bust, the September 11 attacks, and intense low fare competition forced it to reduce its presence at the airport. The airport has been a major haven for low-cost flights in the Baltimore/Washington Metropolitan Area since Southwest Airlines' arrival in September 1993[38] and subsequent expansion in the early 2000s. Southwest is the airport's largest carrier, accounting for 56.12% of passengers carried in 2011.[39] Southwest Airlines currently serves on average 245 daily departures to destinations in the US, Mexico and the Caribbean.


Southwest Airlines planes parked at Concourses A-B.

To accommodate Southwest's extensive presence at the airport, in 2005 Concourses A and B were expanded, renovated, and integrated with one another to house all of that airline's operations there. This new facility, designed by URS Corporation, opened on May 22, 2005. On October 1 of that year, the airport was renamed again, becoming Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, to honor former US Supreme Court justice Thurgood Marshall, who grew up in Baltimore.[40][41]

On August 5, 2014, little-used runway 04-22 was permanently closed.[42] It was only 6,000 feet (1,829 meters) long and used primarily when the main runways needed to be closed for repairs. The last operation on the runway was a Southwest Airlines flight from Chicago Midway that arrived at 4:18 AM.[43]

The airport has been a backdrop in numerous films, including The Silence of the Lambs, Goldfinger, Broadcast News, and Twelve Monkeys.

In late 2008, Health magazine named BWI the second healthiest airport in the United States.[44] In 2009 the airport had a six percent increase in air travelers due to the proliferation of discount flights.[45] In a 2009 survey of airport service quality by Airports Council International, BWI was the world's top ranking airport in the 15-to-25-million-passenger category.[46] BWI also ranked seventh, in medium-sized airports, based on customer satisfaction conducted by J.D Power and Associates.[47]

In early 2016, a partnership between the airport and Towson University's WTMD Radio Station announced a new concert series that will take place at the terminal's baggage claim on the lower level.[48] The local bands of Wye Oak, Arboretum, and Super City. This new series follows the release event of Animal Collective's new album Painting With on November 25, 2015, where the new album was streamed throughout the airport.


Southwest Airlines ticket counters
Baggage claim area
International terminal (Pier E)

Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport has five concourses, though Concourses A and B were essentially merged into a single concourse in the renovations completed in 2005.[40] The Maryland Aviation Administration has its headquarters on the third floor of the terminal building.[49]

Passenger concourses[edit]

Concourses A and B have 25 gates: A1 to A11 and B2 to B15.
Southwest Airlines is the only tenant of concourses A and B.

Concourse C has 14 gates: C1 to C14.
The tenants of the concourse are American Airlines and Southwest Airlines. Concourse C is connected to Concourses A/B by a secure connector.

Concourse D has 24 gates: D1 to D5, D7, D8, D10 to D16, D20 to D26, D29, and D36 to D37.
It serves Air Canada Express, Alaska Airlines, Allegiant Air, Delta Air Lines, JetBlue, Southern Airways Express, Southwest Airlines (international arrivals that are not pre-cleared), Spirit Airlines, and United Airlines. The far end of Concourse D is built at ground level to serve small regional planes. Gates D1, D3 and D5 are international swing gates generally used by Southwest Airlines and Spirit Airlines for non-precleared international arrivals. These swing gates can serve both domestic and international passengers. Concourse D is connected to concourse E by a secure connector.[50] Concourse D originally housed Piedmont Airline's hub at BWI.

Concourse E has 5 gates: E1, E3, E4, E6, and E8.
Officially known as the Governor William Donald Schaefer International Terminal, it serves British Airways, Condor, Southwest Airlines (international arrivals that are not pre-cleared) and WOW air. All international arrivals from non-pre-cleared destinations and all charter airlines are handled at Concourse E. The Air Mobility Command has a post in Concourse E flying active service troops out to worldwide destinations.

Cargo concourse[edit]

The airport's cargo concourse covers a 395,000 sq ft (36,700 m2) area. Its facilities include a 60,000 sq ft (5,600 m2) cargo building in the Midfield Cargo Complex, a foreign trade zone, a 17 acres (6.9 ha) air cargo ramp, and ramp parking for 17 aircraft with direct nose-in access for 8 freighters.

Airline lounges[edit]

  • British Airways contracts the Chesapeake Club Lounge in Concourse E, near entrance to the concourse, for use by its elite and Club World passengers.
  • The USO operates a lounge on the lower level of the Terminal between the Concourses D and E baggage claim for United States military personnel and their families.
  • Airspace Lounge opened in Concourse D (near Gate D10) on May 7, 2011,[51] but closed on May 27, 2016. A new lounge will take its place in mid to late 2017 under "The Club" branding, and will be accessible to Priority Pass members.[52]

Terminal improvements[edit]

On April 30, 2013, the airport opened a new concourse C security checkpoint, with nine security lanes, the most at the airport, the airport also widened concourse C, built a new concourse A/B-C connector and added additional concessions.[53]

The Federal Aviation Administration is currently in the process of designing a new air traffic control tower that will replace the current tower.[54] The new tower is estimated to cost between $21 million and $26 million and be 228 ft (69 m) tall.[55] There is no estimated construction start date.

On July 12, 2013, BWI Airport and the Maryland Aviation Administration launched a 3-year, $125-million construction project. This project included modernizing concourse D, a new airside connection linking concourse D and E, a new TSA Security checkpoint, and the addition of 3 international swing gates to allow additional international flights. New restaurants, shops, and a new children's play facility were also added to Concourse E. The project began in late 2014, and was completed in fall 2016.[55]

A $60.3 million expansion to Concourse E was announced in February 2017. The enhancements include 70,000 square feet of new terminal space and six additional international gates. The airport is aiming at getting new service to Asia and additional service to Europe in the near future.[56]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Airlines Destinations Refs
Air Canada Express Montréal–Trudeau (begins May 17, 2018), Toronto–Pearson [57]
Alaska Airlines Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco (begins April 25, 2018),[58] Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Portland (OR)
Allegiant Air Cincinnati
Seasonal: Asheville, Fort Walton Beach, Knoxville, Lexington, Savannah, Tulsa
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Phoenix–Sky Harbor [61]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, New York–JFK, Philadelphia [61]
Apple Vacations Seasonal Charter: Cancún, Punta Cana [62]
Boutique Air Massena (NY) [63]
British Airways London–Heathrow [64]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt [65]
Contour Airlines Macon/Warner Robins (GA) [66]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Cancún
Delta Connection Cincinnati, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Raleigh/Durham
Seasonal: Detroit
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík (resumes May 28, 2018)[68] [69]
JetBlue Airways Boston, Fort Lauderdale, Orlando [70]
Southern Airways Express Altoona, DuBois (PA), Hagerstown, Johnstown (PA), Lancaster (PA), Morgantown (WV)[71] [72]
Southwest Airlines Albany, Albuquerque, Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Birmingham (AL), Boston, Buffalo, Cancún, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago–Midway, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas–Love, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grand Rapids, Hartford, Houston–Hobby, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Liberia (CR), Las Vegas, Long Island/Islip, Los Angeles, Louisville, Manchester (NH), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montego Bay, Nashville, Nassau, New Orleans, Norfolk, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), Sacramento, San Antonio, San Diego, San José (CA), San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, Seattle/Tacoma, St. Louis, Tampa, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Panama City (FL), Portland (OR), Salt Lake City, San José del Cabo
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Boston, Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Denver (begins March 22, 2018), Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Montego Bay (begins March 22, 2018), New Orleans, Orlando, San Diego, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa
Seasonal: Fort Myers, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Myrtle Beach, Oakland
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco
Seasonal: Los Angeles
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Newark [75]
Vacation Express Seasonal Charter: Cozumel (begins June 2, 2018), Freeport (begins May 28, 2018), Punta Cana [76]
Virgin America San Francisco (ends April 24, 2018)[58] [77]
WOW air Reykjavík–Keflavík [78]


Airlines Destinations
AirNet Express Columbus–Rickenbacker
Amazon Air Chicago/Rockford, Cincinnati, Ontario, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Providence, Sacramento, San Antonio–Lackland, Seattle/Tacoma, Stockton, Tampa
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Thule
FedEx Express Columbus–Rickenbacker, Harrisburg, Indianapolis, Memphis
FedEx Feeder Newark, Salisbury
UPS Airlines Chicago/Rockford, Louisville, Richmond


With winds from the north or west, aircraft will generally land on runway 33L and depart on runway 28. When the winds are from the south or east, arrivals are on runway 10 and departures are on runway 15R. Use of the smaller parallel runway (33R/15L) is restricted to smaller propeller-driven aircraft and small corporate jets. The largest planes that land at BWI regularly are Boeing 757s, McDonnell Douglas MD-11s, and Boeing 787s. Because of the many cargo and charter operations at BWI, it is common to see one or two Boeing 747s or Airbus A330s on a daily basis as well. Runway 10/28 was closed for a 60-day period that began on August 20, 2012 to update and implement safety requirements for Runway Safety Areas established by the Federal Aviation Administration.[79]

For the 12-month period ending December 31, 2011, the airport had 276,133 aircraft operations, an average of 757 per day: 93% air carrier, 6% general aviation and less than 1% military operations. In 2009, there were 75 aircraft based at the airport: 45 single engine, 19 multi-engine, and 11 jets.[12]

As of January 2014, Southwest Airlines, including its subsidiary AirTran Airways, represents approximately 71% of passengers followed by Delta Air Lines at 8%.

BWI is currently the busiest airport within the Baltimore–Washington area[80] with 11,067,317 boardings in 2011. This is ahead of Dulles International Airport at 11,043,829 enplanements and in front of Ronald Reagan National Airport with 9,053,004 enplanements. Thanks to Southwest's success there BWI serves the most domestic passengers in the Baltimore–Washington area while Dulles serves far more international passengers.

On August 1, 2016, British Airways replaced the daily Boeing 767-300 with a daily Boeing 787-8, marking the first regularly-scheduled Dreamliner service to the airport.[81]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from Baltimore–Washington International
(October 2016 – September 2017)[82]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, Georgia 809,050 Delta, Southwest, Spirit
2 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 656,190 JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
3 Boston, Massachusetts 601,060 JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
4 Orlando, Florida 576,320 JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
5 Charlotte, North Carolina 405,890 American, Southwest
6 Detroit, Michigan 379,750 Delta, Southwest, Spirit
7 Tampa, Florida 367,430 Southwest, Spirit
8 Denver, Colorado 334,960 Southwest, United
9 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 316,520 American, Spirit, United
10 Las Vegas, Nevada 314,190 Southwest, Spirit

Airline market share[edit]

Largest airlines at BWI (August 2016 – July 2017)[82]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 Southwest Airlines 17,021,000 70.21%
2 Delta Air Lines 1,828,000 7.54%
3 Spirit Airlines 1,652,000 6.81%
4 American Airlines 1,437,000 5.93%
5 United Airlines 844,000 3.48%

Annual traffic[edit]

Traffic by calendar year[83]
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Cargo
2006 20,698,967 266,790 252,413,171
2007 21,044,384 Increase1.67% 265,424 254,701,295
2008 20,488,881 Decrease2.64% 249,456 225,275,286
2009 20,953,615 Increase2.27% 245,522 221,302,348
2010 21,936,461 Increase4.69% 253,165 225,706,183
2011 22,391,785 Increase2.08% 258,475 237,568,354
2012 22,679,987 Increase1.29% 268,186 246,366,867
2013 22,498,353 Decrease0.80% 259,793 240,295,725
2014 22,312,676 Decrease0.83% 245,121 231,862,614
2015 23,823,532 Increase6.77% 246,464 257,266,277
2016 25,122,651 Increase5.45% 248,585 260,309,358

Ground transportation[edit]

BWI was ranked one of the "Top 10 Easiest U.S. Airports to Get to" by in 2007 and has a light rail station located in its main terminal.[85]

Shuttle services, taxis, and buses[edit]

Passenger van service to and from the Eastern Shore and Western Maryland is available through BayRunner Shuttle with services to and from BWI to Kent Island, Easton, Cambridge, Salisbury, Ocean Pines, and Ocean City (for the Eastern Shore) and Grantsville, Frostburg, Cumberland, Hancock, Hagerstown, and Frederick (for Western Maryland). There are also numerous private car, rental car, and cab services, as well as shuttles that go to and from BWI to local hotels; Baltimore and Washington and their suburbs; and Central and Western Maryland.

MTA Route 75 at BWI Business Center Light Rail Stop

Bus service between BWI and the Greenbelt station of the Washington Metro and MARC Camden Line is provided by WMATA's Metrobus on Route B30 every 60 minutes from 6am-11pm on weekdays. No weekend or holiday service is provided. The regular fare is $7.50, and the disabled/senior citizens rate is $3.75; exact fare or the use of a WMATA SmarTrip card is required.

The Maryland Transit Administration's Bus Route 17 serves BWI 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. During the hours when the Light Rail operates, buses operate to the Patapsco Light Rail Stop. When the Light Rail is not in service, buses operate to Downtown Baltimore.

The Maryland Transit Administration's Bus Route 99 serves BWI during peak periods every half-hour on weekdays from 6:15am–7:45am & 2pm-5pm NB and 6am-9am & 3:20pm–4:50pm SB. Route 99 connects with the MTA Light Rail Station at BWI Business District and Baltimore Metro at Old Court Station, also serving U.M.B.C, CCBC Catonsville, Catonsville, Security Sq Mall, Woodlawn, Milford Mill and Randallstown. Route 99 also has express portions of the route on I-95 from BWI to U.M.B.C. and I-695 from Edmonson Ave & Ingleside Ave (NB from CCBC Catonsville) to Security Sq Mall.

MTA Commuter Bus route 201 connects BWI with Arundel Mills, Burtonsville, Norbeck, Shady Grove station, and Gaithersburg. Buses operate once an hour (4am-6pm eastbound, 5am-11pm westbound), seven days a week. Fare is $5.00.

The RTA 501/Silver Route operates between BWI, Arundel Mills shopping center, and The Mall in Columbia hourly at most times except overnight.


BWI is located at the southeast terminus of Interstate 195, a spur route providing connections to the Baltimore–Washington Parkway and Interstate 95.


Light rail train at BWI station

BWI Rail Station is located about a mile from the airport terminal; the free BWI Marshall Airport Shuttle connects the train station and airport terminals. The station is served by Amtrak Northeast Corridor trains, including the partially high-speed Acela Express, and the MARC Penn Line. Travel time by train is about twenty minutes to Baltimore's Penn Station and thirty-five minutes to Union Station in Washington, D.C. Trains depart at least once an hour seven days a week, with departure times during rush hours and business hours being significantly more frequent.[86]

The Maryland Transit Administration's Light Rail line has a stop just outside the entrance to the airport's International Terminal. Passengers can take the Light Rail to a variety of destinations in Anne Arundel County, Baltimore City, and Baltimore County, and can transfer to the Metro Subway in Baltimore, or to either of MARC's Baltimore terminals. A ride downtown takes approximately 30 minutes. Trains run every 20 minutes during peak hours, and 30 minutes all other times.[87]

In June 2007, the Maryland Department of Transportation, at the request of the Maryland General Assembly in 2006, commissioned a report on a proposal to extend the Washington Metro Green Line, from its current terminus at Greenbelt, through Howard County to BWI.[88]


In August 2014, BWI launched a new bicycle sharing system with the Boston-based company Zagster.[89] Located adjacent to the BWI Airport Light Rail Station, the bike sharing service connects terminal passengers to the nearby BWI Trail, as well as other local destinations.[90]

Other facilities[edit]

Thomas A. Dixon Jr. Aircraft Observation Area
Type Observation Plaza
Location BWI Airport
1911 Dorsey Road
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
Coordinates 39°09′45″N 76°39′48″W / 39.162367°N 76.663221°W / 39.162367; -76.663221 (Thomas A. Dixon Jr. Aircraft Observation Area)
Area 50 acres (20 ha)
Operated by BWI Airport
Open All year

Business District[edit]

In 1985, the BWI Business District was established as a way to formalize businesses and hotels operating adjacent to the airport. The district comprises two smaller districts located to the north (West Nursery Hotel District) and west (Stoney Run District) of the airport. Numerous traveler resources and employment centers are located within both districts, such as the BWI Rail Station and BWI Rental Car Facility in the Stoney Run District, and the BWI Business District Light Rail Station, the NSA Friendship Annex, and dozens of hotel facilities in the West Nursery District.

DHS/CBP Facility[edit]

A DHS facility is located in the lower level of the main terminal, near the international arrivals area / Concourse E Baggage Claim. This facility also includes a Global Entry Enrollment Center, as well as a TSA PreCheck enrollment facility.


In the early 1990s, BWI Airport opened the Thomas A. Dixon Aircraft Observation Area at Friendship Park. The observation plaza features a playground and a terrace overlooking the southern approach to the airport's 15R-33L runway.[91] From this vantage point, several planes can be viewed simultaneously as they prepare for landing. The southern loop of the 13.3 mile BWI Trail travels through the park, providing cyclist and pedestrian access to the park.


  1. ^
  2. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for BWI (Form 5010 PDF), retrieved November 25, 2009
  3. ^ "BWI Airport December 2015 Statistics" (PDF). BWI Airport. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Linthicum CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 3, 2010. 
  5. ^ "KBWI Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport Baltimore, Maryland, USA". AirNav. Retrieved October 28, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Driving Directions: Washington DC". BWI Airport. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  7. ^ "City Facts" (PDF). SWA Media. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "Monthly Statistical Report Summary Retrieved on March 5, 2015" (PDF). 
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Governor Larry Hogan Announces New Annual Passenger Record for BWI Thurgood Marshall Airport". Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  11. ^ "Airport Traffic Reports". Airports Council International. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  12. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for BWI (Form 5010 PDF). Retrieved October 12, 2010.
  13. ^ "Survey: BWI ranked top airport of its size in world". The Baltimore Sun. February 18, 2010. Archived from the original on January 28, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2011. 
  14. ^ "BWI Thurgood Marshall Airport Wins Concessions Award". BWI Airport press release. Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Arundel Tract Favored For Baltimore Airport". The Washington Post. August 11, 1944. p. 7.
  16. ^ a b c d "Anne Arundel Airport Site is Favored: Bonnell Cites Advantages Of 2,100 Acres Near Linthicum Heights". The Baltimore Sun. August 10, 1944. p. 22.
  17. ^ "Linthicum Heights Airport Approved". The Washington Post. March 17, 1946. p. M3
  18. ^ "500 Acres Acquired For Baltimore Airport". The Washington Post. June 27, 1946. p. 3. 
  19. ^ "Airport Work Begins Today: City And State Officials To Witness Ground-Breaking". The Baltimore Sun. May 2, 1947. p. 7.
  20. ^ "BWI History at a Glance" BWI Airport Timeline: 1784–1947, retrieved December 27, 2011.
  21. ^ a b Lee, Consella A. (February 16, 1996). "Work crews unearth potter's field at BWI". The Baltimore Sun. 
  22. ^ "Airport Farm Value Listed At $14,000 By City Appraiser". The Baltimore Sun. January 7, 1947. p. 6.
  23. ^ "City to Move 170 Bodies: Will Pay To Transfer Those Buried On Airport Site". The Baltimore Sun. September 27, 1946. p. 19.
  24. ^ "City Will Pay for Road Shift: Meade Highway Runs Through Projected New Airport". The Baltimore Sun. October 6, 1946. p. 18.
  25. ^ a b "New Name for Airport". The Washington Post. October 2, 1973. p. A7.
  26. ^ "Cooperation Built Airport, Truman Says: President Dedicates Baltimore Project; Praises Aid Programs Truman Lauds Cooperation". The Washington Post. 25 June 1950. 
  27. ^ a b c d "Friendship Airport Opens". The Washington Post. July 24, 1950. p. 12.
  28. ^ "BWI History at a Glance" BWI Airport Timeline: 1950–59, retrieved November 16, 2009
  29. ^ John Mintz (8 August 1984). "Friendship International Airport from the City of Baltimore for $36 million in 1972". The Washington Post. 
  30. ^ a b c "BWI History at a Glance" BWI Airport Timeline: 1970–79, retrieved November 17, 2009
  31. ^ "Projects: BWI Airport". Charles Brickbauer, Architect. Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  32. ^ "BWI History at a Glance" BWI Airport Timeline: 1980–89, retrieved November 17, 2009
  33. ^ Gunts, Edward (June 16, 1992). "Designer Chosen for $100 Million BWI Expansion STV Group, Partner Would Design Larger International Wing". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  34. ^ "BWI Timeline: 1990 to 1999". BWI History at a Glance. Maryland Aviation Administration. Retrieved December 15, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Aer Lingus Launches 'Quick Trips'". Irish Voice (New York). November 25, 2003. p. 8.
  36. ^ Shifrin, Carole. "Jamaica Banks on New Air Service From Baltimore". The Washington Post. January 25, 1982. p. 30.
  37. ^ Curcio, Barbara. "Worldwise". The Washington Post. October 31, 1993. p. E03.
  38. ^ Transportation Research Board (2012). Addressing Uncertainty about Future Airport Activity Levels in Airport Decision Making (PDF). National Academy of Sciences. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-309-25857-9. 
  39. ^ 2008 North American Final Rankings Archived February 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Airports Council International, retrieved February 17, 2010.
  40. ^ a b "BWI History at a Glance" BWI Airport Timeline: 2005, retrieved November 17, 2009
  41. ^ An Act concerning Baltimore-Washington International Airport and Other State Facilities, Roads, and Bridges – Naming FOR the purpose of renaming the Baltimore-Washington International Airport as the Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (PDF) 
  42. ^ "BWI to close main runways for paving". 
  43. ^ "Runway 4-22 Permanently Closed at BWI Thurgood Marshall Airport - BWI Airport - Baltimore Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport". 
  44. ^ Formichelli, Linda. "Magazine picks America's healthiest airports." CNN. Wednesday December 17, 2008. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  45. ^ Walker, Andrea K. "BWI gains altitude." The Baltimore Sun. October 21, 2009. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  46. ^ "ACI Airport Service Quality Awards 2009" Airports Council International, retrieved February 17, 2010
  47. ^ Elaine Reyes (February 19, 2010). "BWI Airport Ranks High in Customer Service". NBC Washington. Retrieved December 15, 2011. 
  48. ^ Case, Wesley. "Jenn Wasner, other Baltimore musicians to perform at BWI Airport". 
  49. ^ "Maryland Aviation Administration Contacts." Maryland Aviation Administration. Retrieved on March 2, 2010.
  50. ^ "Hogan Administration Celebrates BWI Airport D/E Connector Opening - BWI Airport - Baltimore Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport". 
  51. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (March 15, 2011). "Company promises cheap airport lounge access for all". USA Today. Retrieved June 8, 2011. 
  52. ^ "BWI lounge to close, be replaced". Retrieved 2017-02-28. 
  53. ^ Thomson, Candy. (April 30, 2013) First phase of 0 million BWI upgrade opens to passengers. Retrieved on August 16, 2013.
  54. ^ "FAA begins planning for new control tower at BWI", The Baltimore Sun, June 19, 2013, retrieved February 5, 2016 
  55. ^ a b Thomson, Candy (July 12, 2013). "State officials push for $125 million BWI expansion project". Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  56. ^ "BWI is adding a $60 million expansion to its international terminal". Retrieved 2018-01-10. 
  57. ^ "Flight Schedules". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  58. ^ a b "Virgin America flights become Alaska next April". 2017-10-05. Retrieved 2018-01-02. 
  59. ^ "Flight Timetable". Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  60. ^ "Allegiant Air". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  61. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  62. ^ "All-Inclusive Vacations - Americas #1 Tour Operator - Apple Vacations". 
  63. ^ "Route Map and Schedule". Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  64. ^ "Timetables". Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  65. ^ "Timetable". Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  66. ^
  67. ^ a b "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  68. ^ Sharrow, Ryan. "Icelandair Returning to BWI after a decade". Baltimore Business Journal. Retrieved 10 January 2018. 
  69. ^ "Flight Schedule". Retrieved January 10, 2018. 
  70. ^ "JetBlue Airlines Timetable". Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  71. ^
  72. ^ "Destinations". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  73. ^ "Check Flight Schedules". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  74. ^ "Where We Fly". Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  75. ^ a b "Timetable". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  76. ^
  77. ^ America, Virgin. "OODLES & OODLES OF FLIGHTS". Virgin America. 
  78. ^ "Route Map". Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  79. ^ Dean, Johnathan (16 August 2012). "Temporary Closure of Runway 10–28 Scheduled at BWI Marshall Airport". BWI Airport. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  80. ^ "Calendar Year 2011 Primary Airports" (PDF). Passenger Boarding (Enplanement) and All-Cargo Data for U.S. Airports. Federal Aviation Administration. September 27, 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  81. ^ "Baltimore is latest U.S. city to land regular Boeing Dreamliner flights". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  82. ^ a b "Baltimore, MD: Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall (BWI)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Research and Innovative Technology Administration. January 2017. Retrieved May 3, 2017. 
  83. ^ "Statistics". Maryland Aviation Administration. 2014. Archived from the original on June 9, 2011. Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  84. ^ Total cargo (Freight, Express, & Mail).
  85. ^ BWI listed in Top 10 of "easiest airports to get to" by Archived January 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. BWI press release: August 15, 2007. Retrieved November 17, 2009.
  86. ^ MARC Penn Line rail schedule. MTA Maryland. Retrieved December 15, 2011.
  87. ^ "MTA Light Rail schedules and map" (PDF). MTA Maryland. June 14, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2011. 
  88. ^ "A Report to the Maryland General Assembly Senate Budget and Taxation Committee and House Appropriations Committee regarding Green Line Feasibility Study" (PDF). Maryland Department of Transportation. June 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  89. ^ "BWI introduces bike-share pilot program for airport trail". 
  90. ^ "Zagster Brings Pilot Bike Share Program to BWI Thurgood Marshall Airport - BWI Airport - Baltimore Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport". 
  91. ^ "BWI Thurgood Marshall Airport Announces New Playground is Open - BWI Airport - Baltimore Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport". 

External links[edit]