Babolsar

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Babolsar
بابلسر
city
Babolsar Bridge
Babolsar Bridge
Babolsar is located in Iran
Babolsar
Babolsar
Coordinates: 36°42′09″N 52°39′27″E / 36.70250°N 52.65750°E / 36.70250; 52.65750Coordinates: 36°42′09″N 52°39′27″E / 36.70250°N 52.65750°E / 36.70250; 52.65750
Country  Iran
Province Mazandaran
County Babolsar
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 47,872
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 0112
Website http://www.babolsarcity.org[permanent dead link]

Babolsar (Persian: بابلسر‎‎, also Romanized as Bābolsar and Bābul Sar; also known as Mashhadsar (Persian: مَشهَدسَر), also Romanized as Mashhad-i-Sar and Meshed-i-Sar)[1] is a city in and the capital of Babolsar County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. It is located alongside the Caspian Sea.

At the 2016 census, the city population was 75,761, in 24,666 families.[2]

Dabir Azam Hosna, former mayor of Babolsar
A park in Babolsar

Geography[edit]

Babolsar is located on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Since the Babol river passes through the city, both the bank of the river and the beach of the sea form tourist attractions in the city. The city is home to the major faculties of the University of Mazandaran.[citation needed] Babolsar has an area of 446 square kilometers.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The city acquired its current name in 1927. The city's historic name is MaÞhad-e Sar or Mashhadsar, meaning "the special way to Mashhad,[citation needed] referring to the only road connecting the northwest of Iran to the northeast, including Mashhad, which passed through Babolsar. By the 18th century, Babolsar had become a busy commercial port. During the reign of Nadir Shah, it was the base for Iran's Caspian fleet. By 1909, the port yielded 12 percent of the total customs revenue of Iran. However, by 1895, ports in Gilan were already competing with Babolsar.

During Reza Shah's reign, Babolsar lost much of its remaining trade to the new port of Bandar-e Shah at the terminus of the trans-Iranian railroad. The cargo handled at Babolsar in the years of 1935 and 1936 was only 25,000 tons. A modern quarter and a hotel were built during this period. The end of World War II brought a new era of vitality to the city as a summer seaside resort for people from Tehran, which gave rise to a new phase of rapid expansion. Babolsar's population increased from about 3,500 in 1945 to 11,781 in 1966 and 18,810 in 1976.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Babolsar has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with warm summers and cool winters. Rainfall may occur at any time of the year but is heaviest in autumn and winter.

Climate data for Zahedan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
24.6
(76.3)
31.0
(87.8)
32.4
(90.3)
42.0
(107.6)
36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
39.0
(102.2)
39.0
(102.2)
34.0
(93.2)
30.0
(86)
25.0
(77)
42
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
11.5
(52.7)
13.3
(55.9)
18.2
(64.8)
23.5
(74.3)
27.8
(82)
30.4
(86.7)
30.1
(86.2)
27.6
(81.7)
22.9
(73.2)
18.4
(65.1)
14.2
(57.6)
20.8
(69.44)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
7.5
(45.5)
9.7
(49.5)
14.2
(57.6)
19.4
(66.9)
23.8
(74.8)
26.2
(79.2)
25.9
(78.6)
23.2
(73.8)
18.2
(64.8)
13.3
(55.9)
9.2
(48.6)
16.47
(61.65)
Average low °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
4.3
(39.7)
6.8
(44.2)
11.0
(51.8)
15.9
(60.6)
20.1
(68.2)
22.3
(72.1)
22.0
(71.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.3
(57.7)
9.5
(49.1)
5.6
(42.1)
12.9
(55.21)
Record low °C (°F) −7
(19)
−4.0
(24.8)
−2
(28)
1.0
(33.8)
6.0
(42.8)
9.0
(48.2)
15.0
(59)
16.0
(60.8)
9.0
(48.2)
4.0
(39.2)
0.0
(32)
−3
(27)
−7
(19)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 96.1
(3.783)
67.2
(2.646)
67.2
(2.646)
31.9
(1.256)
19.3
(0.76)
20.8
(0.819)
25.1
(0.988)
61.3
(2.413)
82.2
(3.236)
163.2
(6.425)
119.3
(4.697)
131.0
(5.157)
884.6
(34.826)
Average rainy days 10.7 9.6 11.5 8.2 6.3 4.7 4.9 7.9 7.8 9.0 9.1 10.6 100.3
Average snowy days 1.0 1.0 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0 0.3 2.8
Average relative humidity (%) 86 85 85 83 80 77 78 80 82 84 86 87 82.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 124.7 119.4 126.5 162.0 214.2 242.4 237.9 205.0 181.5 161.4 136.9 122.4 2,034.3
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

Universities[edit]

University of Mazandaran (UMZ), currently the largest state higher education center in the province of Mazandaran, had formerly consisted of a number of tertiary education centers. In 1979 the centers were officially merged to form what is now known as University of Mazandaran. In recent years, UMZ has made significant progress, expanding itself with vision both qualitatively and quantitatively. It presently includes 12 faculties on its campus: Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Theology and Islamic Sciences, Faculty of Marine and Oceanic Sciences, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Faculty of Chemistry, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, and Faculty of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism.

UMZ has now about 12000 students who are currently studying at undergraduate, graduate, and post-graduate levels and over 400 faculty members teaching and researching at different faculties of the university. Until 2016, more than 15000 students got graduated from different faculties of our university. Based on the policy of the Iranian Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (MSRT), UMZ is committed to providing high quality education, innovative research at undergraduate, graduate, and post-graduate levels leading to scientific and technological achievements.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babolsar can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3054346" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "2016 Iran Census". Archived from the original on 2017-03-14. 
  3. ^ "Babolsar Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 28, 2012.