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|• Mayor||ardeshir bijani (acting)|
|• Total||32 km2 (12 sq mi)|
|Elevation||-2 up to 50 m (-6 to 150 ft)|
|• Density||6,900/km2 (18,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IRST (UTC+3:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||IRDT (UTC+4:30)|
|Vehicle Plate||IRAN ج72 , ج82 , ص82|
Babol (Persian: بابل, pronunciation (help·info), also Romanized as Bābol; formerly known as Bārforush) is the capital of Babol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. Babol is divided into two metropolitan area (Under Iranian law). At the 2012 census, its population was 219,467, in 66,944 families.
Babol is located in the north of Iran, between the northern slopes of the Alborz Mountains and southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Babol and north-east of Tehran are two of the most important cities in the north of Iran. It is the region's chief center. Babol is a new name for the site of the ancient city of Mamatir, that then was named as Barforush. The city receives abundant rainfall. It is famous for its orange farms, for which it is dubbed "the city of orange blossoms".
Founded in the 16th century, it was built on the site of the ancient city of Mamtir (deriving from "Mah Mithra" "great Mithra). Babol was formerly called Barforushdeh (meaning Market town) and Barforush afterwards.
Geography and climate
The city is located approximately 20 kilometers south of Caspian Sea on the west bank of BabolRud River and receives abundant annual rainfall. Babol borders Babolsar and Fereydunkenar to the north, Qaem Shahr and Savad Kooh Shomali to the east, Savad Kooh to the southeast, Firuzkuh to the South and Amol to the west. Babol University is famous for its spectacular scenery.
|Climate data for Babol|
|Average high °C (°F)||12.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||8.6
|Average low °C (°F)||4.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||86
|Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 0m|
In 2012 population census calculation of the city,the population was 219,467 people (79,837 households) and a population of 495,472 people in the located in the city.
The ruins of Shah Abbas I's palace are located in the city. Mohammad Hassan Khan's Bridge is also one of the most ancient buildings of Mazandaran. It was built by the king Mohammad Hassan Khan Qajar, the ancestor of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar as the main road from Babol to Amol. Now it is known as the old road of Babol to Amol. Another nice scenery is Babol Noshirvani Park, which is the biggest park including playground located in the north part of Iran, located almost in the vicinity of Caspian Sea. Babol is home to important and intact forests and jungles. for instance, Shiadeh, the unique and intact forest, is located in south-east Babol. Shiadeh is the name of a rural area near the jungle. here are some views of Noshirvani Park and Shiadeh Jungle.
Commerce and trading are the backbone of the city's economy since it is the largest commercial center for Mazandaran province, partially due to its location at the center of the province and also the large population of villages around the city making Babol county the most populated county in the province. Babol produces food and textiles — as well as other processed goods . Including oranges, lemons, and tangerines. There are many rice farms around the city, and, until about 20 years ago, tea, tobacco, and cotton were processed.
Almost 100% of the city transportation is by car, buses and other road vehicles. Thus, Babol is highly dependent on the regional highway network which connects the city to Babolsar at 10 km north, Amol at 30 km west and Qaemshahr at 15 km east. These are all new wide highways.
Airport and train
Babol has access to an airport 55 km away and to a train station 15 km away.
The ports of Freydoonkenar and Babolsar are both located on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea with connection to other Caspian ports.
Colleges and universities
As the largest commercial center the city of Babol also hosts large number of universities province. Universities include:
- Babol University of Medical Sciences
- Babol Noshirvani University of Technology
- Mazandaran University of Science and Technology
- Educators University - Education Center Martyr Rajai Babol
- PNU - Babol Center
- PNU - Bandpey Unit
- Islamic Azad University - Babol Unit
- University of Applied Science - Babol Unit
- Babol Vocational College of Imam Sadiq
- Mazandaran Institute of Technology
- Rahedanesh Institute of Higher Education
- Tabari Institute of Higher Education
- Aryan Institute of Science and Technology
- Institute of Applied Science of Art and Culture - Unit 4 Of Babol
- Institute of Applied Science Technology Jahad Daneshgahi
- Institute of Applied Science -Unit Of Western Bandpey
- Vocational College of Sama - Babol Unit
- Vocational College of AzZahra - Babol Unit
Babol is home to Iranian Basketball Super League team BEEM Mazandaran BC which plays in the city's Shahid Sojoodi Arena. BEEM also had a popular volleyball team in the Iranian Super League in 2008-2009.
- Amir Pazevari (17th century) - poet
- Mohammad-Ali Barfrushi (1820-1849) - Babi leader
- Ali Asghar Mazandarani (1826-1911) - cleric
- Hossein Fallah Noshirvani (1902-1972) - philanthropist.
- Mohammad Reza Hariri (1927- 2008) - philanthropist.
- Delkash (1924-2004) - singer
- Shahrokh Meskoob (1924-2005) - writer
- Mokarrameh Ghanbari (1928-2005) - painter
- Ahmad Ghahreman (1928-2008) - botanist
- Emam-Ali Habibi (born 1931) - wrestler
- Abdollah Movahed (born 1940) - wrestler
- Hamid Reza Chitgar (1949-1987) - politician
- Maziar  (1952-1997) - singer
- Bijan Mortazavi (born 1957) - singer and musician
- Towhidi Tabari (born 1964) - artist
- Masoud Hedayatifard (born 1971) - scholar in fishery science
- Masih Alinejad (born 1976) - writer and journalist
- Sohrab Entezari (born 1977) - football player
- Majid Noormohammadi (born 1978) - football player
- Arya Aramnejad (born 1983) - singer
- Mehdi Kheiri (born 1983) - football player
- Hadi Norouzi (1985-2015) - football player
- Bashir Babajanzadeh (born 1989) - wrestler
- Sousan Hajipour (born 1990) - taekwondo practitioner
- Noshad Alamian (born 1991) - table tennis player
- Babol can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3054341" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- http://www.amar.org.ir/Portals/2/pdf/jamiat_shahrestan_keshvar.pdf%7CIran's population and family city to city in 1390, respectively
- Iranian Students' News Agency - ISNA |http://mazandaran.isna.ir/Default.aspx?NSID=5&SSLID=46&NID=18028
- http://www.babolcity.ir/HomePage.aspx?TabID=4618&Site=DouranPortal&Lang=fa-IR%7CBabol Municipality
- "Climate: Babol - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Barfurush.|