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تنكابن (شهسوار)
Cheshmeh Kileh.jpg
Tonekabon is located in Iran
Coordinates: 36°48′59″N 50°52′26″E / 36.81639°N 50.87389°E / 36.81639; 50.87389Coordinates: 36°48′59″N 50°52′26″E / 36.81639°N 50.87389°E / 36.81639; 50.87389
Country Iran
 (2016 Census)
 • Total55,434[1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Tonekabon (Persian: تنكابن, also Romanized as Tonekābon; formerly known as Shahsavar (Persian: شَهسَوار), also Romanized as Shahsavār and Shahsawār)[2] is a city and capital of Tonekabon County, Mazandaran Province, northern Iran.

At the 2006 census, its population was 43,128, in 13,087 families. The languages of Tonekabon are Mazandarani[3] and Gilaki[4][5].


Tonekabon is located on the coast of the southern Caspian Sea, 257 kilometres (160 mi) north of Tehran, between Ramsar and Chalus.

The town of Tonekabon is nearby along the Caspian Sea, and Tonekabon County has common borders with Qazvin Province to the south.

In its northern regions it has a moderate and humid climate and in the southern portions cold weather prevails. The Cheshmeh Kileh River flows through it.


Tonekabon has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa, Trewartha: Cf), with warm, humid summers and cool, damp winters.


The territory of Tonekabon was originally part of Gilan. Numerous evidences discovered in various parts of the region, indicate that it was a flourishing city in the past. The ancient Tonekabon came under the realm of the Royan territory, also called Rostamdar. The Padusbanan held the power of this vicinity till the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid I. Thereafter until the year 1209 CE. which was the beginning of the reign of Aqa Mohammad Khan Qajar and the Qajar dynasty, the city was known as Feiz.

After the downfall of the Qajar dynasty, the city was renamed Shahsavar. After the 1979 Revolution the name was returned to its original historic one, Tonekabon. Most present-day people of the city still use the "Shahsavar" name[citation needed].


A famous variety of orange, Shahsavari Orange, is grown in the city and bears its former name. The other products of Tonekabon are kiwi fruit, rice, and tea. Tonekabon has a semi tropical climate. The temperature is mild year round.

The "Ghalegardan high lands" and "Dohezar Valley" are famous resort areas in the Alborz (Elburz) mountain range, southwest of Tonekabon. There are also dense forests in Dohezar and the Sehezar Road areas of the Alborz.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. ^ Tonekabon can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3087648" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ ‎«تنکابن». دانشنامه جهان اسلام. دریافت‌شده در ۲۰۱۷-۰۷-۰۷.
  5. ^ Archived from the original on 16 اكتبر 2016. Check date values in: |archive-date= (help)

External links[edit]