Barcelona metropolitan area

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Barcelona urban area
Barcelona metropolitan area in blue
Barcelona metropolitan area in blue
Core cityBarcelona
 • Metro
4,268 km2 (1,648 sq mi)
 • Metro
5,355,127 Increase
 • Metro density1,250/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
 • Metro€159.8 billion (2020)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)

The Barcelona urban area is an urban area in Catalonia (Spain) centered on the city of Barcelona and located less than 100 km south of the border with France. With a population of over 5 million, it is one of the largest urban areas in Europe.


The urban area – the core of the metropolitan area – of Barcelona has a population of 4,604,000,[2] being the fifth-most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, the Ruhr area, Madrid and Milan. The Larger Urban Zone has a population of 4,440,629[3] according to Eurostat.

As stated by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of United Nations, the metropolitan area of Barcelona has a population of 5,083,000,[4] according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development it has a population of 4,900,000[5] and according to the Eurostat it has a population of 5,375,774.[6] According to Idescat it has a population of 5,029,181,[7] according to it has a population of 4,992,778[8] and according to World Gazetteer it has a population of 5,068,252.[9]

The Zones[edit]

Barcelona metropolitan area
Population Area (km2) Density/km2
Barcelona 1,621,537 101 15,793
First Zone 1,598,534 532 2,923
Second Zone 1,481,937 1,362 1,070
Third Zone 747,810 2,273 329
5,355,127 4,268 1,255

Polynuclear Urban Region[edit]

P.U.R. of Barcelona
Population Area (km2) Density/km2
Barcelona metro 5,355,127 4,268 1,255
Tarragona Area 411,876 656 628
Girona Area 336,218 1,081 311
6,103,221 6,005 1,016

According to the EURBANET project by Delft University of Technology[10] it speaks about polynuclear urban region when there exists a series of important urban centers that relate intensely among them and to the exterior. This one is the case of bordering zones to the urban region that they extend around the cities of Tarragona and Girona. They are areas with a great economic dependence and services to the capital. They are narrow corridors well communicated to Barcelona, both by highway and railroad, which there fuse the metropolitan areas of these cities with the urban region. The PUR of Barcelona comprises 6,103,221 people in an area of 6,005 km2.

Barcelona Polynuclear Urban Region is conceived as "isolated islands of significant growth" which, may develop into zones of global economic integration. This is, however, not intended to happen at the cost of the global competitive position of the present core area.[11]

Municipalities of metropolitan area - population and area[edit]

First zone[edit]


Second zone[edit]


Third zone[edit]


Municipalities of Polynuclear Urban Region - population and area[edit]

Tarragona area[edit]


Girona area[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices by metropolitan regions".
  2. ^ Demographia: World Urban Areas, 2013
  3. ^ "Urban Audit". Eurostat. 2006. Archived from the original on 2009-02-12.
  4. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects (2009 revision) Archived October 31, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, (United Nations, 2010), Table A.12. Data for 2007.
  5. ^ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Competitive Cities in the Global Economy, OECD Territorial Reviews, (OECD Publishing, 2006), Table 1.1
  6. ^ "Population by sex and age groups on 1 January" - Eurostat, 2012
  7. ^ Àmbit Metropolità. Sèrie temporal (in Catalan)
  8. ^ Most Populous Metropolitan Areas In Europe -
  9. ^ Europe: metropolitan areas Archived February 10, 2013, at - World Gazetteer, 2012
  10. ^ EURBANET project Archived December 31, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ EURBANET: Introduction Theoretical Framework[permanent dead link] - Delft University of Technology, 2002