In urban planning, a core city, principal city metropolitan core, or central city, is the largest or most important city or cities of a metropolitan area. A core city is surrounded by smaller satellite cities, towns, and suburbs. A central city is usually the first settlement established in an urban region before the outlying districts came into existence, later in history. Central cities often form the regional downtowns of metro areas. The term is used mainly in US context, although since the 1970s it has also become relatively common in Canada and, to a lesser extent, Europe and Australia.
Metropolitan areas with one core city
The followings are the core city of the five largest metropolitan areas in the world.
|Metropolitan area||Core city||Country||Metropolitan|
|Greater Tokyo Area
|Jakarta metropolitan area
|Central National Capital Region
(Delhi Metropolitan Area)
|Seoul Capital Area
|Mumbai Metropolitan Region
(मुंबई महानगर प्रदेश)
Metropolitan areas with more than one core city
|Metropolitan area||Core cities||Country||Metropolitan|
|Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex||Dallas||United States||7,470,158|
|Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region||Essen||Germany||1,555,985|
|Islamabad–Rawalpindi metropolitan area||Islamabad||Pakistan||4,500,000|
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- ???? : ???? ???? (in Korean). Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs. Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- https://portal.mcgm.gov.in/irj/go/km/docs/documents/MCGM%20Department%20List/Roads%20and%20Traffic/Docs/CMP%20for%20Greater%20Mumbai/Executive%20Summary/Executive%20Summary.pdf[bare URL PDF]
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- "Box-1: Rawalpindi–Islamabad Metrobus Project" (PDF). Ministry of Finance and Revenue. 30 June 2014. p. 197. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
- OECD (2020). Urban Policy Reviews: Enhancing Productivity in UK Core Cities. OECD Publishing. ISBN 9789264882140.
- Parkinson, Michael (2004). Competitive European Cities: Where Do the Core Cities Stand?. Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. ISBN 9781851126903.