Baron Talbot

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Arms of Talbot: Gules, a lion rampant within a bordure engrailed or.[1] These were the paternal arms of Gwenllian, the daughter and heiress of Rhys Mechyll (d.1244) (Prince of the Welsh House of Dinefwr, grandson of Rhys ap Gruffydd), and wife of Gilbert Talbot (d.1274), grandfather of Gilbert Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot(d.1345/6) [2] assumed by Talbot as arms of alliance of a great heiress, superseding his own former paternal arms of Bendy of 10 pieces argent and gules[3]
Arms of Talbot (ancient): Bendy of ten argent and gules

Baron Talbot is a title that has been created twice. The title was created first in the Peerage of England. On 5 June 1331, Sir Gilbert Talbot was summoned to Parliament, by which he was held to have become Baron Talbot.

The title Lord Talbot, Baron of Hensol, in the County of Glamorgan, was created in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1733 for Charles Talbot, a descendant of the John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury (the 8th Baron of the first creation), the Earl Talbot.

Barons Talbot (1331)[edit]

Gilbert Talbot (1276–1346), Lord Chamberlain of the Household to King Edward III, was summoned to Parliament as Lord Talbot in 1331, which is accepted as evidence of his baronial status at that date.

Ancestry[edit]

He was descended from Richard Talbot, a tenant in 1086 of Walter Giffard at Woburn and Battledsen in Bedfordshire. The Talbot family were vassals of the Giffards in Normandy.[4] Hugh Talbot, probably his son, made a grant to Beaubec Abbey, confirmed by his son Richard Talbot in 1153. This Richard (d. 1175) is listed in 1166 as holding three fees of the Honour of Giffard in Buckinghamshire. He also held a fee at Linton in Herefordshire, for which his son Gilbert Talbot (d. 1231) obtained a fresh charter in 1190.[5] Gilbert's grandson Gilbert (d. 1274) married Gwenlynn Mechyll, daughter and sole heiress of the Welsh Prince Rhys Mechyll, whose armorials the Talbots thenceforth assumed in lieu of their own former arms. Their son Sir Richard Talbot, who signed and sealed[6] the Barons' Letter, 1301 held the manor of Eccleswall in Herefordshire in right of his wife Sarah, sister of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick. In 1331 Richard's son Gilbert Talbot (1276–1346) was summoned to Parliament, which is considered evidence of his baronial status.[7]

Succession[edit]

The first baron's grandson, the 3rd Baron Talbot, died in Spain supporting John of Gaunt's claim to the throne of Castile. Richard, the fourth Baron, married Ankaret, 7th Baroness Strange of Blackmere, daughter and heiress of John le Strange, 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere. In 1387, during his father's lifetime, Richard 4th Baron was summoned to Parliament as Ricardo Talbot de Blackmere in right of his wife. His son [Gilbert], the fifth Baron, also succeeded his mother as eighth Baron Strange of Blackmere.

On the early death of the 5th Baron, the titles passed to his daughter, Ankaret, the sixth and ninth holder of the titles. However, she died a minor and was succeeded by her uncle, John seventh Baron Talbot. John married Maud Nevill, 6th Baroness Furnivall, and, in 1409, he was summoned to Parliament in right of his wife as Johann Talbot de Furnyvall. In 1442 John was created Earl of Shrewsbury in the Peerage of England and in 1446 Earl of Waterford in the Peerage of Ireland.

Barons Talbot (1733)[edit]

The title was created in 1733 when Charles Talbot was raised to the Peerage of Great Britain as Lord Talbot, Baron of Hensol, in the County of Glamorgan. He was eldest the son of William Talbot, Bishop of Oxford, of Salisbury and of Durham and a descendant of Sir Gilbert Talbot (died 1518), third son of John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury.

The title fell into abeyance between the three daughters of Gilbert Talbot, 7th Earl of Shrewsbury until the deaths of two of them without issue.

List of titleholders[edit]

Barons Talbot (1331)[edit]

List of co-heirs[edit]

1777 Charles Philip Stourton, 17th Baron Stourton Anne Howard, Baroness Petre
1787 Robert Petre, 10th Baron Petre
1809 William Petre, 11th Baron Petre
1816 William Stourton, 18th Baron Stourton
1846 Charles Stourton, 19th Baron Stourton
1850 William Petre, 12th Baron Petre
1872 Alfred Stourton, 23rd Baron Mowbray, 20th Baron Stourton
1884 William Petre, 13th Baron Petre
1893 Charles Stourton, 24th Baron Mowbray, 21st Baron Stourton Bernard Petre, 14th Baron Petre
1908 Mary Dent, née Petre, 19th Baroness Furnivall
1936 William Stourton, 25th Baron Mowbray, 22nd Baron Stourton
1965 Charles Stourton, 26th Baron Mowbray, 23rd Baron Stourton
1968 co-heirs to the barony of Furnivall:
2006 Edward Stourton, 27th Baron Mowbray, 24th Baron Stourton

Barons Talbot (1733) of Hensol[edit]

For subsequent holders see Earl Talbot

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.1015, E. of Shrewsbury & Waterford
  2. ^ http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/TALBOT.htm#Gilbert TALBOT (1° B. Talbot)[unreliable source]
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th.ed. vol. 11, p.691, Heraldry
  4. ^ Domesday Book: a complete translation (2002), p. 568; K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday People, vol. 1: Domesday Book (1999), p. 368.
  5. ^ K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday People, vol. 2: Domesday Descendants (2002), p. 1123.
  6. ^ Richard Talbot, Lord of Eccleswall (1250 - 1306). Blazon: Or, five bendlets Gules.

    Talbot, Richard- (H. III. Roll) bore, or five bendlet gules. (F.) St. George Roll and Harl. MS. 6137 ff. 83, 89 - Bendy (10) argent and gules (F.) is the paternal coat of arms of TALBOT, as attributed by the later Heralds. As Lord of ECKLESWELL, he sealed the Barons' letter to the Pope 1301, with the arms of RHESE AP GRIFFITH, Prince of South Wales, viz.: a lyon rampant within a bordure engrailed. Some Feudal Coats of Arms from Heraldic Rolls 1298-1418. By Joseph Foster. Published by J. Parker & Company, 1902 - Heraldry - 268 pages.

    Glover Roll: British Museum, Add MS 29796. Painted, with blazons, containing 218 coats. Dated soon after 1258. Walford Roll: British Museum, MS Harl 6589, fo12, 12b. Blazons, containing 185 coats. Dated c1275. Source: H S London, Rolls of Arms of Henry III, Aspilogia II, Society of Antiquaries, London, 1957.

    St George Roll: College of Arms, London, MS Vincent 164 ff 1-21b. Dated c1285. Painted, containing 677 shields. Source: Gerard J Brault, Rolls of Arms of Edward I, Boydell & Brewer, 1997.
  7. ^ G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959), volume XII/1, p. 610.