Basketball at the 1936 Summer Olympics

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1st Olympic Basketball Tournament
Berlin 1936
Tournament details
Olympics1936 Summer Olympics
Host nationGermany
CityBerlin
DurationAugust 7 – August 14
Men's tournament
Teams21
Medals
1 Gold medalists  United States
2 Silver medalists Canada
3 Bronze medalists  Mexico
Tournaments
← 1904 (demonstration)  London 1948 →

Basketball at the 1936 Summer Olympics was the first appearance of the sport of basketball as an official Olympic medal event. The tournament was played between 7 August and 14 August 1936 in Berlin, Germany. 23 nations entered the competition, making basketball the largest tournament of the team sports, but Hungary and Spain withdrew, meaning 21 competed.

The IOC and International Basketball Federation, which is the governing body of international basketball, used the 1936 tournament to experiment with outdoor basketball. Lawn and dirt tennis courts were used for the competition, but this caused problems when the weather was adverse, especially during the final of the tournament.

The medals were awarded by James Naismith, the inventor of basketball. The United States won its first gold medal, while Mexico and Canada won silver and bronze, their only medals in basketball, as of 2020.

Medalists[edit]

Gold Silver Bronze
 United States (USA)
Sam Balter
Ralph Bishop
Joe Fortenberry
Tex Gibbons
Francis Johnson
Carl Knowles
Frank Lubin
Art Mollner
Donald Piper
Jack Ragland
Willard Schmidt
Carl Shy
Duane Swanson
Bill Wheatley
 Canada (CAN)
Gordon Aitchison
Ian Allison
Art Chapman
Chuck Chapman
Edward Dawson
Irving Meretsky
Doug Peden
James Stewart
Malcolm Wiseman
Stanley Nantais
 Mexico (MEX)
Carlos Borja
Víctor Borja
Rodolfo Choperena
Luis de la Vega
Raúl Fernández
Andrés Gómez
Silvio Hernández
Francisco Martínez
Jesús Olmos
José Pamplona
Greer Skousen

Note: The International Olympic Committee medal database shows only these players as medalists. They all played at least one match during the tournament. The reserve players are not listed as medalists.

Results[edit]

Brackets[edit]

Third round onwards[edit]

 
Third roundQuarter-finalsSemi-finalsGold medal match
 
              
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 United States56
 
 
 
 Philippines23
 
 Philippines39
 
 
 
 Estonia22
 
 United States25
 
 
 
 Mexico10
 
 Italy27
 
 
 
 Chile19
 
 Italy17
 
 
 
 Mexico34
 
 Mexico28
 
14 August
 
 Japan22
 
 United States19
 
 
 
 Canada8
 
 Canada27
 
 
 
  Switzerland9
 
 Canada41
 
 
 
 Uruguay21
 
 Uruguay28
 
 
 
 Czechoslovakia19
 
 Canada42
 
 
 
 Poland15 Bronze medal match
 
 Poland33
 
 14 August
 
 Brazil25
 
 Poland Mexico26
 
 
bye Poland12
 
 
 
 

Fifth-place classification[edit]

Preliminary round 5th place game
      
 Philippines 32
 Italy 14
 Philippines 32
 Uruguay 23
 Uruguay
bye

First round[edit]

Winners advanced to the second round, while losers competed in the first consolation round for another chance to move on.

Byes: Phillippines, United States  (drawn against Spain, who withdrew) and  Czechoslovakia (drawn against Hungary, who withdrew).

First consolation round[edit]

Winners returned to the main competition for the second round, while losers were eliminated.

  • Uruguay 17–10 Belgium
  • China 45–38 France
  • Egypt 33–23 Turkey

Byes: Brazil, Germany and Poland

Second round[edit]

Winners advanced to the third round. Losers competed in the second consolation round for another chance to move on.

  • Philippines 32–30 Mexico
  • Japan 43–31 Poland
  • Uruguay 36–23 Egypt
  • Peru 29–21 China
  • United States 52–28 Estonia
  • Italy 58–16 Germany
  • Switzerland 25–12 Czechoslovakia
  • Chile 23–18 Brazil
  • Canada 34–23 Latvia

Second consolation round[edit]

  • Poland def. Latvia, 28–23
  • Brazil def. China, 32–14
  • Mexico def. Egypt, 32–10
  • Czechoslovakia def. Germany, 20–9

Bye: Estonia

Third round[edit]

The third round was the first to cause automatic elimination for losers, with no consolation round. Winners advanced to the quarterfinals.

Philippines  39–22  Estonia
Scoring by half: 21–4, 18–18
Chile  19–27  Italy
Scoring by half: 12–16, 7–11
Mexico  28–22  Japan
Scoring by half: 12–8, 16–14
Switzerland   9–27  Canada
Scoring by half: 1–13, 8–14
Uruguay  28–19  Czechoslovakia
Scoring by half: 14–8, 14–11
Brazil  25–33  Poland
Scoring by half: 10–17, 15–16

Byes: United States and Peru

Quarterfinals[edit]

Winners of the quarterfinals advanced to the medals round, with losers playing in classification matches.

  • United States 56–23 Philippines
  • Mexico 24–17 Italy
  • Canada 41–21 Uruguay

Bye: Poland (Peru abandoned the Olympic Games to protest the actions of the German authorities in the football tournament).

Classification 5–8[edit]

Preliminary match[edit]

  • Philippines 32–14 Italy

Bye: Uruguay (Peru abandoned competition - see above).

Fifth place match[edit]

  • Philippines 33–23 Uruguay

Medals round[edit]

Semifinals[edit]

August 13
United States  25–10  Mexico
Scoring by half: 13–2, 12–8
Poland  15–42  Canada
Scoring by half: 6-23, 9-19

Bronze medal match[edit]

August 14
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Mexico  26–12  Poland
Scoring by half: 23–8, 3–4

Final[edit]

August 14
18:00
1st place, gold medalist(s) United States  19–8  Canada 2nd place, silver medalist(s)
Scoring by half: 15–4, 4–4
Pts: Fortenberry 7
Berlin, Germany
Attendance: 900+

The final was played in driving rain, turning the court into a quagmire such that it was impossible to dribble, while the conditions kept scoring to a minimum: highest scorer in the game was Joe Fortenberry of the United States, with seven points. In addition, almost all of the nearly 1,000 in attendance had to stand in the rain throughout the final as there were virtually no seats for spectators.

Awards[edit]

 1936 Olympic Basketball Champions 

United States
First title

Participating nations[edit]

For the team rosters see: Basketball at the 1936 Summer Olympics – Men's team squads.

Each country was allowed to enter one team of 14 players and they all were eligible for participation; however, only seven were allowed to dress for competition at any one game.

A total of 199(*) basketball players from 21 nations competed at the Berlin Games:

  •  Belgium (8 – from a squad of 14)
  •  Brazil (8 – from a squad of 10)
  •  Canada (9 – from a squad of 14)
  •  Chile (7 – from a squad of 11)
  •  Republic of China (13 – from a squad of 14)
  •  Czechoslovakia (12 – from a squad of 12)
  •  Egypt (7 – from a squad of 10)
  •  Estonia (8 – from a squad of 11)
  •  France (11 – from a squad of 14)
  •  Germany (10 – from a squad of 14)
  •  Italy (13 – from a squad of 14)
  •  Japan (8 – from a squad of 11)
  •  Latvia (7 – from a squad of 11)
  •  Mexico (11 – from a squad of 11)
  •  Peru (9 – from a squad of 13)
  •  Philippines (9 – from a squad of 12)
  •  Poland (10 – from a squad of 14)
  •  Switzerland (8 – from a squad of 13)
  •  Turkey (8 – from a squad of 10)
  •  United States (14 – alternating squads of seven players)
  •  Uruguay (9 – from a squad of 13)

Hungary and Spain withdrew before playing a match.

(*) NOTE: There are only players counted, which participated in one game at least.

Not all reserve players are known.

Summary[edit]

Note: Hungary and Spain withdrew before competition started

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Italian)Un viaggio all’interno di questi Ottanta anni Archived October 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. FIP.it.