Bayog, Zamboanga del Sur

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Map of Zamboanga del Sur with Bayog highlighted
Map of Zamboanga del Sur with Bayog highlighted
Bayog is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 07°52′N 123°02′E / 7.867°N 123.033°E / 7.867; 123.033Coordinates: 07°52′N 123°02′E / 7.867°N 123.033°E / 7.867; 123.033
Country Philippines
Region Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)
Province Zamboanga del Sur
District 2nd district of Zamboanga del Sur
Founded May 8, 1967
Barangays 28
 • Mayor Leonardo L. Babasa Jr.
 • Total 356.40 km2 (137.61 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 33,591
 • Density 94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 7011
IDD:area code +63 (0)62
Income class 3rd municipal income class
PSGC 097303000
Electorate 18,153 voters as of 2016

Bayog is a third class municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 33,591 people.[3]

Potential tourist attractions in Bayog include the 90 feet (27 m) Buco Falls, the Sigacad Hot Spring in Barangay Sigacad, and the Balumbunan Caves, which feature thousands of exotic birds.


In 1953, large numbers of immigrants started settling permanently in this area which was then sparsely populated by the native Subanen. Barrio Bayog came into existence under the Municipality of Malangas. Bayog was adopted as the name of the barrio, as this place was known to the natives due to the abundance of the “Bayog” (pterospermum diversifolium) trees in the area.

Opportunities in agriculture, business and employment attracted more settlers into the area, particularly during the year 1957 and 1958. The influx of settlers was given more impetus when the Samar Mining Company (SAMICO) constructed the existing 42 kilometres (26 mi) SAMICO road from Bobuan to its wharf in Pamintayan. By 1959, Bayog was already quite big for a barrio. So another barrio was created which is now the present barangay Kahayagan. When the municipality of Buug (also a former barrio of Malangas) was created in 1960, barangay Bayog and Kahayagan were among the barrios under it.

As early as 1963, three years after the SAMICO road was completed and the company was in full-blast operation, the population of Bayog already warranted the creation of a new municipality. Thus, on November 14, 1964, Bayog started to function as a corporate municipality separate and distinct from the Municipality of Buug by virtue of Executive Order No. 112 issued by the then President Diosdado Macapagal.[4] However, on February 15, 1966, the infant municipality was dissolved and reverted into its former status as one of the barangays of the Municipality of Buug by virtue of a Supreme Court decision in the case of Pelaez vs. Auditor General. The then Senator Pealez contented that the creation of a new municipality through an executive Order was against the law as the same was a prerogative of Congress.

In time, the town re-applied as a candidate for municipality. The Municipality of Bayog became the 29th municipality of the Province of Zamboanga del Sur on May 8, 1967, by virtue of Republic Act No. 4872, authorized by then Congressman Vincenso Sagun. The new municipality was formed out of twenty barrios of the Municipality of Buug (at that time still Province of Zamboanga del Sur): Bayog (which became the poblacion), Bobuan, Datagan, Pulangbato, Dipili, Salawagan, Lamari, Damit, Depasi, Pangi (now San Isidro), Liba, Datagan I, Datagan II, Mataga, Dimalinao, Baking, Dipuri, Kwai, Maton-og and Kanipa-an.[5] During the later part of the year, barangays Supon, Canoayan, Dagum, Camp Blessing, Conakon, Matin-ao, Balukbahan, Sigacad, Deporehan, Bantal and Balunbunan were created by virtue of a Provincial Board Resolution. To date, the Municipality has twenty-eight (28) barangays within its juridical boundaries.

List of former Town Executives[edit]

Mayor Vice Mayor Tenure
Juan Tagabuen Antonio Ejudo 1967
Dominador Salomon Alfonso Carballo 1967–1971
Valentin Cercado Felipe Dulatre 1971–1975
Valentin Cercado Felipe Dulatre 1971–1980
Valentin Cercado Emercindo Fullo 1980–1986
Dominador Salomon Frank Mabulay 1986–1987
Constantino Belza Lydia Lucero 1987–1988
Emercindo Fullo Melody Belza 1988–1992
Melody L. Belza Nerrisa Lucero 1992–1995
Melody L. Belza Frank Mabulay 1995–1998
Melody L. Belza Baltazar Caberte 1998–2001
Mary Ann E. Lucero - Cartalla Severo Opay 2001–2004
Mary Ann E. Lucero - Cartalla Pedro Anlap 2004–2007
Mary Ann E. Lucero - Cartalla Pedro Anlap 2007–2010
Leonardo L. Babasa, Jr. Romualdo S. Godin 2010-2013
Leonardo L. Babasa, Jr. Celso A. Matias 2013-2016
Leonardo L. Babasa, Jr. Celso A. Matias 2016-2019


The town is bounded on the north by Godod, Bacungan, and Siayan; on the east by Lakewood; on the south by Kumalarang, Buug, and Diplahan; and on the west by Kabasalan. It is the westernmost town in the province.

The town is partly situated in the Sibougey Valley watered by the Sibuguey River, Dipili River, and Depore River. 75% of the land lies on rugged terrain with elevation up to 300 metres (980 ft).


Bayog is subdivided into 28 barangays.[2]

  • Baking
  • Balukbahan
  • Balumbunan
  • Bantal
  • Bobuan
  • Camp Blessing
  • Canoayan
  • Conacon
  • Dagum
  • Damit
  • Datagan
  • Depase
  • Dipili
  • Depore
  • Deporehan
  • Dimalinao
  • Kahayagan
  • Kanipaan
  • Lamare
  • Liba
  • Matin-ao
  • Matun-og
  • San Isidro (Pangi)
  • Poblacion
  • Pulang Bato
  • Salawagan
  • Sigacad
  • Supon


Population census of Bayog
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1970 13,599 —    
1975 15,784 +3.03%
1980 16,782 +1.23%
1990 22,092 +2.79%
1995 25,231 +2.52%
2000 26,248 +0.85%
2007 28,707 +1.24%
2010 30,048 +1.68%
2015 33,591 +2.14%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]


Bayog has one of the most bustling economies in the province, since it is one of the top revenue-producing municipalities in Zamboanga del Sur, with an annual income of over 25,000,000 which come mainly from mining, business establishments, and quarrying.

As of now, there is one financial institution which operates in the town and numerous cooperatives which also contribute to the town's overall income. Two pawnshops have also started operations in the town - the Mlhuiller Pawnshop and the Bayog Pawnshop.

Since Bayog is mainly agricultural, over 20 rice and corn mills can be found in the municipality. In addition, their products are also traded with neighbouring cities such as Zamboanga City and Pagadian City, which is why Bayog has also been considered as th "Rice Granary Of Region IX". The people of the town rely mainly on crop raising and animal husbandry. The town is situated in a wide plain fed by the Siboguey River and its tributaries. Two dams can be found in the municipality, namely, the Sibouguey Irrigation Dam and the Dipili River Irrigation Dam, which are responsible for irrigating some 100 square kilometres of ricefields. This dams were erected during the late 1970s with support from the Philippine-Australian Development Project. The dams are now under the management of the National Irrigation Administration through their office in the town center.

Bayog has also been cited as the Livestock Center of the region because of the Western Mindanao Livestock Development Center in Barangay Kahayagan, which is responsible for the improvement of livestock products in Zamboanga Peninsula through right breedings.

The people have also been engaged in logging due to the vast forest which were found in the area. In the past, Bayog was also referred as the Timbermines Country.

Mining is a major industry in Bayog. Gold is concentrated in Barangay Depore while copper, lead and steel are mined in Brgy. Bubuan and Brgy. Liba. Several companies have already started their explorations here, i.e. Toronto Ventures Incorporated (TVI), Cebu Ore Mining Inc, Miki Trio Ore Mining Inc., and some small scale miners which have their own organization, the Monte de Oro Small Scale Mining Association (MOSSMA).

Public market[edit]

The new Public Market Building has 180 stalls occupied by different business groups. The Fish and Meat section has 40 stalls, fruit stand & old carenderia has 15 stalls, Dry Goods section 15 stalls, and new Carenderia building with 7 stalls. As of now there were already 6 stalls in the newly constructed night market. A new phase of the Public Market is under construction and will add new 25 stalls.

Tourism and recreation[edit]

Bayog has a gymnasium with a seating capacity of 4500, considered as one of the largest in the province. Three other gymnasiums in the town are also used in handling large crowds, the Kahayagan Gymnasium, BCES Gymnasium and the BNHS Gymnasium. There are also four tennis courts ( BALTEC, NIA, Kahayagan Sports Complex, WESMILDEC), maintained by the Bayog Lawn Tennis Club. Another local pride is the Bayog Municipal Plaza.

  • The Dipili River - a tributary of the Sibuguey River and was awarded as the cleanest river in the Philippines.
  • Western Mindanao Livestock Development Center - known for its beautiful buildings and guests house. It is situated in a hill which overlooks the town.
  • Loading Point - an irrigation system that serves as haven for the young people during weekends.
  • Supon Dam - a dam which provides a beautiful scenery.
  • Bailey Bridge - a 55-meter modular bridge crossing the Sibuguey River.
  • Escalante Caves - located in Brgy. Lamare. Featured more or less 60 caves in just one setting.

Every summer, the town was always been the venue of different religious gatherings, most prominent of them is the Regional Youth Camp which is hosted by the Liberty Bible Baptist Church and drews more or less 600 youths from all over the region and several participants from Cebu, Lanao del Norte, and Misamis Occidental. Another is the GAYEM, hosted by the Seventh-Day Adventist Church and held participants from the Provinces of Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay.

Fiestas and festivals[edit]

Dates to be remembered in Bayog are the following:

  • 3rd Week of January for the Sinulog sa Kahayagan which features carnivals and street dancings in honor of Sr. Sto. Niño.
  • May 8–10 for the celebration of the Araw ng Bayog.
  • May 8 for the Tribal Festival which features pageantry between the different tribes which resides in Bayog.
  • May 9 for the Buklog Festival, a Subanen fertility ritual.
  • September 17 for the celebration of the Araw ng Zamboanga del Sur.
  • 3rd Week of November for the Feast of St. Joseph the Worker.



The total road network of the municipality is 195.42 kilometres (121.43 mi), of which 7.56 kilometres (4.70 mi) are concrete, 133.34 kilometres (82.85 mi) are gravel and 54.52 kilometres (33.88 mi) are dirt roads.

Transport facilities[edit]

Municipal records show that there are 134 registered tricycles/Habal-Habal as of December 2005. There are 50 privately owned vehicles in the municipality. There are also passenger buses and jeepneys plying Bayog to Buug, Bayog-Pagadian routes. To date, there are two buses plying Bayog-Zamboanga Route.

Out of the twenty eight barangays, only two barangays are not accessible by vehicles due to the very poor conditions of their farm to market roads. Residents utilized horses or carabaos to transport their farm products up to the point where transportation is accessible.


The municipality of Bayog has nine Tulay ng Pangulo projects constructed at Barangays Dipili, Depase, Balunbunan, Depase, Canoayan, Lamare, Bobuan, Depore and Poblacion.


The electric power of the municipality is supplied by the Zamboanga del Sur Electric Cooperative II (ZAMSURECO II) through its substation in the municipality of Buug, Zamboanga Sibugay. The municipality has 27 barangays that are being energized with only one left the barangay Dagum.
The local government unit of Bayog has its level III water system that supplies the need of the people in the Poblacion & Kahayagan. The types of water system used in the different barangays are classified into Level 1 (shallow well, deep well & spring) Level II (spring development with communal faucets), and Level III (with individual households connections).

Communication facilities[edit]

Telephone System
One Philippine Long Distance Telephone (PLDT) public calling office operates in the municipality. The RCPI, a telegraph company as well as the Smart Tawag Center has already their branch in the municipality.
Telegraph System
Bureau of the Telecommunication provides the telegraphic services for the municipality located at the government center.
Cellular Telephone
Smart and Globe Company has established a cell site located in Barangay Kahayagan . The signal reaches the nearby Barangays of Poblacion, Depase, Damit, Lamare, Dipili, Depore, Supon, Kanipaan.
Postal Communication
The postal office which handles all the mail services throughout the municipality through the Philippines Postal Corporation operates in the municipality with two postal personnel. There is no private company operating in the municipality which handles mail or cargo delivery services. The volume of incoming mails in 2004 reached 18,200 and 320 in 2005. Outgoing mails in 2004 totaled to 4,720 and 2,920 in 2005. There is one letter carrier tasked to deliver the mails.

Municipal compound[edit]

This is the main attraction of the municipality, which is located on the heart of the town. On its center stands the charred municipal building, looking over to the distinguishable Bayog Municipal Plaza, which featured a Children's Park; a twin fountain which has the town's map drawn on it; a flower field, a priority project of the recent administration; a statue of the National Hero; the famous 30 flagpoles, and the Bayog Trees, which is believed to be the burial site of a Subanen Datu which was considered as the first town's settler.

On its right side, resides the Philippine National Police Headquarters, the Bayog Lawn Tennis Association Court, the Municipal Canteen, the Municipal Motorpool, the SIVAFA Midwife Clinic, and the AFUZS Headquarters.

While on its left sides, stand the ABC Multi-purpose Building, the DILG Office, a session hall, the Bayog Municipal Health Center, and the 3500-seater Municipal Gymnasium.

Along the side of the Municipal Hall, there you can find the Senior Citizen House, the post office, the Office of the Agriculturist, the Department of Transportation and Communication, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Department of Social Welfare and Development, the Municipal Day Care Center, the Newly constructed E-Center and the Municipal Swimming Pool.

At its back is the Municipal Nursery, and the Municipal Guest House.


The town has a college, the Josefina H. Cerilles State College which caters the educational needs of the entire populace and of the neighboring towns. It offers cheap education to the townfolks. It has replaced the External Studies Unit of Western Mindanao State University, which for seven years have served the municipality of Bayog and provided the Bayoganos access to higher learning. Bayog has also four secondary schools, of which Bayog National High School is the most prominent. There are 33 elementary schools in this town, of which one is a private institution, the Siboguey SDA Elementary School owned by the Seventh-day Adventist Church. All of the public schools here are networked through an office situated at the Central School.




  • Bayog Municipal DayCare Center
  • Barangay DayCare Centers
  • Bayog Central Elem. School


  • St. Joseph Learning Center
  • Liberty Bible Baptist Early Learning Center
  • Convention Baptist Learning Center
  • Sibougey Valley SDA Learning Center



  • Baking Elementary School
  • Balukbahan Elementary School
  • Balumbunan Elementary School
  • Bantal Elementary School
  • Bobuan Elementary School
  • Camp Blessing Elementary School
  • Canoayan Elementary School
  • Conacon Elementary School
  • Dagum Elementary School
  • Damit Elementary School
  • Datagan Elementary School
  • Depase Elementary School
  • Dipili Elementary School
  • Depore Elementary School
  • Deporehan Elementary School
  • Dimalinao Elementary School
  • Kahayagan Elementary School
  • Kanipaan Elementary School
  • Lamare Elementary School
  • Liba Elementary School
  • Mataga Elementary School
  • Matin-ao Elementary School
  • Matun-og Elementary School
  • Monte de Oro Elementary School
  • Pangi (San Isidro) Elementary School
  • Bayog Central Elementary School
  • Pulang Bato Elementary School
  • Salawagan Elementary School
  • Sigacad Elementary School
  • Supon Elementary School


  • Sibougey Valley SDA Elementary School

High schools


  • Bayog National High School
  • Damit National High School
  • Bobuan National High SChool
  • Mataga National High School
  • Balukbahn National High School



  • Josefina H. Cerilles State College
  • Western Mindanao State University (Defunct as of 2004, was replaced by JHCSC)



Bayog has one radio station in operation.

  • 102.1 Abante Bayog ComPAS FM

There is one cable network operating in the municipality. It provides seventeen channels. As of 2005, there was one radio transceiver operated by the Philippine National Police (PNP). The 102 Lamare Compass FM is the only radio station in the municipality. This is located at Barangay Lamare, Bayog, Zamboanga del Sur. A Community e Center (CeC) is serving the people on internet and other ICT services. This CeC is owned and operated by the municipal government.

Sister cities[edit]


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 12 May 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 2003-08-13. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Executive Order No. 112: Creating the Municipality of Bayog in the Province of Zamboanga del Sur". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. October 1, 1964. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "R.A. No. 4872: An Act Creating the Municipality of Bayog in the Province of Zamboanga del Sur". May 8, 1967. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  6. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  7. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region IX (Zamboanga Peninsula)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  8. ^ "Province of Zamboanga del Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]