Beiersdorf

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This article is about the company. For other uses, see Beiersdorf (disambiguation).
Beiersdorf Global AG
Aktiengesellschaft
Public company
Traded as FWBBEI
OTC Pink: BDRFY
Industry Personal care
Founded 28 March 1882
Headquarters Hamburg, Germany
Key people
Stefan F. Heidenreich (CEO and Chairman of the management board), Reinhard Pöllath (Chairman of the supervisory board)
Products Cosmetics
Revenue 6,285 million (2014)[1]
€ 796 million (2012)[1]
Profit € 537 million (2012)[1]
Number of employees
17,398 (end 2014)[1]
Website Beiersdorf.com

Beiersdorf AG is a German personal care company based in Hamburg, manufacturing personal care products. Its brands include Elastoplast, Eucerin (makers of Aquaphor), Labello, La Prairie, Nivea and tesa (tesa tape).

Although its shares are publicly listed, Beiersdorf is controlled by maxinvest AG (parent company of Tchibo), which directly owns 50.49 percent of shares.[2]

Corporate structure and business segments[edit]

Beiersdorf is organized in two separate business segments: consumer business and tesa. The consumer business segments focuses on the brand´s core which is skin care, while the tesa business segment is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of self-adhesive products. Besides NIVEA, Beiersdorf is owner of different other brand like 8x4, Eucerin, Labello, La Prairie, Hansaplast and Florena. [3]

In 1974, the company introduced a divisional organization for cosmed, medical, pharma and tesa. In 1989, the divisional organization was changed into skin care, adhesive products and wound care. The product range of NIVEA as well as of tesa was expanded. Especially NIVEA products - the typical cream as well as sun creams, anti age products and baby care - were very successful on the market. In April 2001, the tesa business segment was found as an independent unit within Beiersdorf. tesa focuses on developing effective solutions for its customers, offering about 6.500 different self-adhesive products. [4]

Affiliates worldwide[edit]

Beiersdorf is a global company with more than 150 affiliates worldwide. Its headquarter is located in Hamburg, Germany, as well as the research centre where new products are developed . With NIVEA and Labello the company has two strong brands from the first day and developed quickly into an international company. Due to the Second World War, the process stopped. It took some years to come back on the international stage as Beiersdorf had to rebuy the trademark rights. But at the end of the 1990s, 70 percent of the company’s sales revenue was being generated outside Germany. Today, the company is a global player with its 150 affiliates and 17,000 employees worldwide. Especially NIVEA is a very strong brand.

Europe is the key market with 58 locations but the company keeps building its presence in markets around the world. The site in Vienna is being developed to a centre for Central and Eastern Europe. Regional research centres are located in Wuhan (China) and Silao (Mexico) so the scientist are able to respond more effectively to the needs of the local markets. [5] [6]

History[edit]

The First Steps[edit]

The old logo from 1979 to 2014.

The company was founded in 1882 by pharmacist Paul Carl Beiersdorf in Hamburg and sold to Oscar Troplowitz in 1890. Paul C. Beiersdorf's patent for a new manufacturing process of medical plasters, dated 28 March 1882, is regarded as foundation date of the company.

In 1909 first lip care stick named Labello was launched. Troplowitz kept working with his scientific consultant Paul Gerson Unna and the german chemist Isaac Lifschütz on a new skin care cream. As Lifschütz found the emulsifier Eucerit (= "the beautiful wax"), the basic ingredient of the NIVEA Creme was finally there and they started selling the skin care cream in December 1911.

The company kept growing: While in 1890 there were only eleven employees, in 1918 the company already employed about 500 people. In 1892 Troplowitz bought a property for the new company´s headquarter and Beiersdorf moved to Hamburg-Eimsbuettel. Thanks to this, the company was able to switch to a mechanical system and to expand the product range. As Troplowitz kept networking internationally, the products were well known worldwide very soon.

Dr. Oscar Troplowitz and his co-partner Dr. Otto Hanns Mankiewicz both died in 1918. Due to this, Beiersdorf had to change its legal form. Finally, on 1 June 1922 the stock company P. Beiersdorf & Co. AG was founded. In the same year Hansaplast was released. In 1925, the design of the NIVEA Creme tin was changed to the typical blue and white tin as we know it today.

In 1929, the Beiersdorf stocks were dealt for the first time on the Stock Exchange in Hamburg. Globally existed more than 20 production sites. Numerous products like shaving cream or shampoo were launched in the 1930s. When Beiersdorf celebrated its 50th company anniversary in 1932, it already employed more than 1.400 employees. In 1936, tesa was introduced as umbrella brand for self-adhesive technology. The first innovative product is the transparent self-adhesive film known as tesa film.

During the Second World War[edit]

Due to the pressure of the National Socialists, in 1933 Jewish board members – like the chairman Dr. Willy Jacobsohn – had to resign. Jacobsohn emigrated to Amsterdam and managed the international subsidiaries up to the year 1938 when he left Amsterdam and went to the US. During the Nazi-Regime, Carl Claussen was chairman and led the company through the difficult time. Elly Heuss-Knapp, married to Theodor Heuss and after the war the new First Lady of the federal republic of Germany, was a freelancer at Beiersdorf and responsible for important parts of the NIVEA advertising. She took care of keeping the advertising messages free from Nazi´s ideology. After the war, most of the production sites and the administration building in Hamburg lay in ruins. Furthermore, most of the international subsidiaries have been expropriated and Beiersdorf lost the NIVEA trademark rights. But sooon after the end of the war Beiersdorf started to rebuy the trademark rights. In 1949, Beiersdorf generated a turnover of 30 millions Deutsche Mark. [7]

After the 1950s[edit]

In 1951, the company launched the first deodorizing soap. This was the beginning of what we knows today as the brand 8x4. In the year 1972 Beiersdorf employed already more than 10.000 people worldwide. In 1974 the company established the divisional organization, divided in cosmed, medical, pharma and tesa. Furthermore, Max Herz´ heirs (Tchibo) took over a share of 25 percent of the company. In 1981 Beiersdorf generates for the first time a turnover of 2 billion Deutsche Mark. A few years later, in 1989, the company started to change its strategic orientation. Three key areas were identified: skin care, adhesives technology and wound management. Beiersdorf aligned its range of products according to these key areas and expended the NIVEA and tesa product ranges. The company standardized the production processes, unified the international brand policy and focused on cosmetics. The NIVEA ranges were the most successful ones – the cream as well as anti-ageing care, baby care and sun products. [8]

In the 1990s, Beiersdorf started to repurchase the trademark rights – especially in Great Britain, Australia and South Africa – and becomes one of the biggest skin care brands in the world. Finally, in 1997 the last trademark right is bought back by buying the majority stake of the Polish company Beiersdorf-Lechia S.A. in Poznan (today: NIVEA Polska sp. z o.o.).

Since 2000[edit]

In 2001 tesa was found as a subsidiary of Beiersdorf AG. From the very first year, tesa was able to assert its position in the market. Today it offers about 6.500 different adhesive products and adhesive systems. [9]

On April 1, 2001, the company founded an independent subsidiary, BSN Medical as a joint venture of Beiersdorf (Hamburg) and the British-based, American-owned Smith & Nephew (London) and serves on the market of surgical dressing, orthopaedics and phlebology. BSN Medical had 350 employees in Germany and 3,400 worldwide in 2004. The turnover received 504 mn euros and its operating income reached 70 mn euros. In 2006 BSN medical was sold to Montagu Private Equity for 1.03 bn euros.

Another subsidiary, "Beiersdorf Shared Services GmbH" was founded in 2003. BSS, to which Beiersdorf's IT and accounting services were outsourced, operates independently but serves as an internal partner for the whole Beiersdorf group. BSS employs 350 people worldwide, 275 of them in Hamburg.

Also in 2003, a 2-year bidding war ended. The American company Procter & Gamble had sought to purchase its competitor Beiersdorf and proposed a take-over deal to Allianz insurance, which then held 19.6% of Beiersdorf's stock. Fearing that Procter & Gamble was interested only in Beiersdorf's brands and not in the company as a whole, many in Hamburg preferred to retain local ownership. The city of Hamburg and its state-owned holding company HGV created such a solution. The Herz family, owner of the German company Tchibo, who already had a stake in Beiersdorf, increased their holdings to 49.9%. Allianz still held 3.6%; Beiersdorf AG bought up 7.4% of its shares, of which 3% were given to the Beiersdorf pension fund. Another share holder, a private family, retained their share. This public-private alliance ensured that Beiersdorf's headquarters would remain in Hamburg and continue to provide hundreds of jobs, while paying taxes of approximately 200 mn euros annually. [10] In June 2009 Allianz reduced its holdings from 7.2 to 2.88 percent.[11]

Beiersdorf has been present in India since the 1930s through its brand Nivea. For over 70 years, all of Beiersdorf's products were imported into India. However, Beiersdorf is currently building its first manufacturing facility in the Indian city of Sanand, located in the state of Gujarat. This factory will also house a R&D facility which will focus on innovations for Indian consumers as well as other markets. [12]

In 2006, the first NIVEA Haus in the world was opened on Hamburg's Jungfernstieg; others were opened in the following years, e.g. in Berlin and Dubai. [13]

Stock exchange[edit]

Since 22 December 2008, Beiersdorf AG has been traded on the Deutschen Aktienindex (DAX).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Annual Report 2014". Beiersdorf. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  2. ^ http://www.maxingvest.de/index.php?id=3&language=2
  3. ^ http://www.beiersdorf.com/about-us/our-profile/business-segments
  4. ^ Funding Universe: Beiersdorf AG History [1]
  5. ^ Beiersdorf AG: The Research Centre: [2]
  6. ^ Beiersdorf AG: Beiersdorf Worldwide: [3]
  7. ^ http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/beiersdorf-ag-history/
  8. ^ http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/beiersdorf-ag-history/
  9. ^ http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/beiersdorf-ag-history/
  10. ^ Hamburger Abendblatt (24 October 2003). "Sieg für Hamburg: Tchibo und Stadt kaufen Beiersdorf" (in German). Retrieved 8 September 2009. 
  11. ^ Die Welt (27 June 2009). "Allianz reduziert Anteil an Beiersdorf-Konzern" (in German). Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  12. ^ http://businesstoday.intoday.in/story/narendra-modi-gujarat-wins-nivea-first-india-plant/1/207505.html
  13. ^ http://www.worldpressonline.com/PressRelease/beiersdorf-opens-nivea-haus-in-berlin-20369.html

External links[edit]