Jump to content


Coordinates: 48°22′22″N 29°31′57″E / 48.37278°N 29.53250°E / 48.37278; 29.53250
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Moszyński Chapel
Moszyński Chapel
Flag of Bershad
Coat of arms of Bershad
Bershad is located in Vinnytsia Oblast
Bershad is located in Ukraine
Coordinates: 48°22′22″N 29°31′57″E / 48.37278°N 29.53250°E / 48.37278; 29.53250
Country Ukraine
OblastVinnytsia Oblast
RaionHaisyn Raion
HromadaBershad urban hromada
 • Total12,205
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Bershad (Ukrainian: Бершадь; Polish: Berszad; Romanian: Berșad) is a town in Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine, located in the historic region of Podolia. It was the administrative center of the former Bershad Raion until 2020. Population: 12,205 (2022 estimate).[1]


Historical affiliations

Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1459–1569
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1569–1672
 Ottoman Empire 1672–1699
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1699–1793
 Russian Empire 1793–1917
Ukrainian People's Republic 1917-1918, 1918-1920
Ukrainian State 1918
Soviet Ukraine 1920–1922
 Soviet Union 1922–1941
 Kingdom of Romania 1941–1944
 Soviet Union 1944–1991
 Ukraine 1991–present

Bershad was first mentioned in 1459. It was a private town of Poland, owned by the families of Zbaraski and Moszyński. Polish nobleman Piotr Stanisław Moszyński built a palace complex in Bershad. The only remaining parts of the complex are the park and the chapel of Moszyński and Jurjewicz families.

Former Moszyński Palace in Bershad

In 1648, during the Khmelnytsky Uprising under the Cossacks, Maksym Kryvonis conquered Bershad and slew many of the Catholics and Jews there. Before World War II, the city had an important Jewish community.[2] Bershad was famous in the middle of the nineteenth century for its Jewish weavers of the tallit, a ritual shawl worn by Jews at prayer. By the end of the century, the demand decreased, and the industry declined, leading many of the weavers to emigrate to America. In 1900 the Jewish population of Bershad was 4,500, out of a total population of 7,000. The Jewish artisans numbered about 500. The community possessed synagogues and several houses of prayer. One synagogue survived World War II and was not closed during Soviet times. It is still active.

During World War II, the Romanian forces under the direction of the Nazi Germans transformed the Bershad area into a ghetto. The city was part of the Romanian Transnistria Governorate. Many of the ghetto victims were not Jews from Bershad but Jews brought in from Bessarabia. Thousands of Jews were starved to death in the ghetto during the Holocaust including Bessarabian Hebrew writer and Yiddish poet Mordechai Goldenberg.[3]

Many Jews worldwide bear a "Bershidsky/Bershadsky" surname referring to the town.

Bershad is also notable for being the least Romanian town within the Transnistria Governorate. According to the Romanian census conducted throughout the Governorate during late 1941, out of 4,361 town inhabitants, there was only 1 Romanian (a proportion of 0.02%).[4]


Bershad is home to the football club FC Nyva Bershad.

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
  2. ^ "המכון הבין-לאומי לחקר השואה - יד ושם".
  3. ^ "History of Jews in Bukowina [Volume II, pages 73-74]".
  4. ^ Publikationstelle Wien, Die Bevölkerungzählung in Rumänien, 1941, Vienna, 1943 (in German)

External links[edit]