Bhiwani

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Bhiwani
City
Bhiwani is located in Haryana
Bhiwani
Bhiwani
Location in Haryana, India
Bhiwani is located in India
Bhiwani
Bhiwani
Bhiwani (India)
Coordinates: 28°47′N 76°08′E / 28.78°N 76.13°E / 28.78; 76.13Coordinates: 28°47′N 76°08′E / 28.78°N 76.13°E / 28.78; 76.13
Country  India
State Haryana
District Bhiwani
Area
 • Total 4,778 km2 (1,845 sq mi)
Elevation 225 m (738 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 196,057
 • Density 380/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Haryanvi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 127021
Telephone code 91-1664
ISO 3166 code IN-HR
Vehicle registration HR-16, HR-61
Website bhiwani.nic.in

Bhiwani is a city and a municipal council in Bhiwani district in the state of Haryana, India. Besides being a seat of spiritual learning, the city is at the centre of regional politics and hometown of three former Haryana chief ministers: Bansi Lal, Banarsi Dass Gupta and Hukum Singh. Bhiwani is a Rajput Dominate District, around bhiwani 83 villages of Rajput Community. Before 1947 Bhiwani known as name Gate of Rajputana(Presently Rajasthan).

That time 12 big gate are present there, which are formed by Thakur Neem Singh in 14th Century

The city has a conventional school of boxing, with almost all of the members of the Indian Boxing Squad coming from its Sports Authority of India (SAI) hostel. The late Capt. Hawa Singh, the legendary boxer, helped establish the boxing academy in Bhiwani.

History[edit]

There are two alternate theories of how Bhiwani got its name. One theory is that the name came from the goddess Gauri Bhawani, Lord Shiva's wife. Another legend claims the city got its name from the name of a Queen of a Rajput King Neem, named "Bhani".[1] The Bhani spelling changed to Bhiyani and subsequently to Bhiwani. Bhiwani has been a prominent centre of commerce since the time of the Mughals. Bhiwani is also known for its temples and is known as the " Kashi of haryana" of India and not "choti Kashi". The Kaithal District of Haryana is known as "Choti Kashi" because of the presence of "Nav Grah Kund" (9 Kund).

Education[edit]

Bhiwani has six major institutes, one of them being the country's top textile research institute, the Technological Institute of Textile & Sciences, established by the Birla Group. There are also four degree colleges, three colleges of education and a school of nursing. The Board of School Education, Haryana (BSEH) is also situated in the city while the government P.G College is located on Hansi road. Recently,[when?] the new Chaudhary Bansi Lal University has been established in Bhiwani in memory of the late Choudhary Bansi Laal.

Transportation[edit]

Railways[edit]

Bhiwani railway Junction is on the Bathinda-Rewari line. It is Junction of railway lines and there are three railway lines originating from Bhiwani; one is towards Rewari side.The second line towards Hisar side. The third branch line goes towards Rohtak and connects to Delhi.

Roads[edit]

The city is very well connected through state roadways with all the major towns in the region. District Bhiwani is situated in the western part of Haryana. It shares its boundary with Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan. Bus service is the major means of public transport in Bhiwani district. The sub-depot at Bhiwani was upgraded as full-fledged depot on 1.11.1973. At the time of its inception, it had 98 buses, which were covering a distance of 24,700 km every day with 495 employees. samasvas sohasra is 8 km from Bhiwani Mandi

At present Bhiwani depot has 138 buses, which carry about 12.34 Lacs passengers every day and cover a distance of about 43650 km daily. Out of this total distance covered daily on nterstate routes is 4,160 km and 39,500 km are operated within Haryana and 735 total employees.

The new bus stand at Bhiwani was inaugurated on 12.8.2000, which has been constructed on a land measuring 7.91 acre. Bhiwani depot has one sub depot which is Tosham where bus stands/sub-depot level workshops have been provided. Apart from these, bus stands at Bawani Khera, Dhanana, Behal, Tosham and Siwani have also been constructed for the convenience of travelers in this district.

The government has also issued 70 permits to private operators on local routes in the district. Tosham is 8 km from Bhiwani mandi

Geography[edit]

Bhiwani is located at 28°47′N 76°08′E / 28.78°N 76.13°E / 28.78; 76.13.[2] and has an average elevation of 225 metres (738 ft). Bhiwani lies 285 kilometres (177 mi) from the state capital Chandigarh and 124 kilometres (77 mi) from the national capital Delhi.

Development[edit]

Bhiwani was considered a deserted place. Farming could be done with the help of rain. After every two or three years there would be a drought. Men, women, animals and birds suffered due to lack of water and greenery. Things changed when in 1893 a canal was first built in Bhiwani.

It was a religious region, and gradually the people started taking part in politics and the Indian struggle for independence. Neki Ram, Fateh Chand, K.A. Desai and Babu Gupta accounted for the growth of branch of the Congress party here in 1939. But now many multinational corporations are looking at Bhiwani as a potential location for their local operations.[citation needed]

Bhiwani is also home to Grasim Textile Mills.[citation needed]

Satyagraha of Bardoli[edit]

In 1922 India's seekers of freedom society took part in the Bardoli Satyagraha. They were Neki Sharma, Uma Sharma, Ram Kumar, Gokul Chand, Fateh Chand, Lala Vith, Lala Karanji, Diwan Chand, Lala Moda, Mansingh Bohra etc. Neki Sharma Later known as Haryana Kesri.

National leaders[edit]

Bhiwani was visited twice by Nehru, Madan Mohan Malviya and Mahatma Gandhi. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Lala Lajpat Rai, Sh. Subash Chandra Bose, Smt. Sarojini Naidu, Dr. Munje, Dr. Ansari, Sh. Asif Ali, Ali Bandhu and Maulana Abdul Ghaffar Khan also came to Bhiwani, took meetings and praised Bhiwani's people for their taking part in the independence war.

Bhiwani is the home town of Renowned freedom-fighter and social-reformer Late Sh. Pt. Nekiram Sharma, Sh. Banarsi Das Gupta, (former Chief Minister of Haryana, Member of Parliament, Member of Legislative Assembly, Dy. Chief Minister, Speaker of Haryana Assembly and Minister in Haryana Cabinet) who also known for his contribution in Bhiwani by establishing many educational institutions like Adarsh Mahila Mahavidyalya (awarded best women's college in Haryana), Vaish educations institutes (PG College, schools), Nature Cure Hospital (Prakritik Chikitsalya) Bhiwani and many more charitable and social organisations.

It is also the home town of Late Ch.Bansi Lal, former Chief Minister, Defense Minister, Railway Minister and Civil Aviation Minister, Ch Bansi Lal, who was a popular politician.

The former chief of Army Staff of the Indian army, General Vijay Kumar Singh is also from Bhiwani (Born: Village Bapora). Justice Raj Mohan Singh, Judge Punjab and Haryana High Court, also belongs to district Bhiwani.

Boxing[edit]

The city entered the spotlight in 2008 as four of the five boxers who represented India at the 2008 Summer Olympics were from Bhiwani. Sports Authority of India coach and boxer, two time Asian Games gold medalist and 11 time national champion late captain Hawa Singh is credited with establishing the Bhiwani. Kavita Chahal won two times Aiba world women's boxing championship chahal won 4 times Asian medals, With 8 times gold medalist she is the record holder in women's national championship. Boxing Club or "BBC" as it is known locally.[3][4]

Among the 2008 Olympians, Jitender Kumar (Flyweight) (51 kilograms (112 lb)) and Akhil Kumar (54 kilograms (119 lb)) went on to qualify for the quarter finals, while Vijender Kumar (75 kilograms (165 lb)) won a bronze medal and Vikas Krishan Yadav from Bhiwani district won a gold medal in the 2010 Asian Games in the Lightweight category. In the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China, Vijender Singh claimed gold.Kavita Chahal first women boxer from haryana Bhiwani got Arjun Award . Bhiwani is known as "Mini Cuba" in India due to the large number of boxers who hail from the region.[3]

Visitor attractions[edit]

  • Mini Zoo, Bhiwani
  • Shree Shree 1008 Baba Naga Mandir (Tekri Dham), Rajgarh
  • Baba Chotu Nath Mandhir from Paintawas khurd
  • Gauri Shankar Temple
  • Hanuman Mandir
  • Jogiwala Mandir
  • Khakhi Baba Ka Mandir
  • Shri Rang Nath Mandir
  • Shri Ram Mandir
  • Vaishno Devi Temple
  • Naurangabad Mound
  • Star Monument
  • Ninan temple
  • BABA JAGNATH MANDIR ( JATTU LOHARI )
  • Best Kirketer Devid Kayat from Paintawas Khurd
  • Roopgarh Virdh Aashram near Ankit-Geeta Bhawan
  • Baba Masth Nath temple Sanjarwas
  • Pramhansh Latadhari Tigrana

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Bhiwani had a population of 1634445. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Bhiwani has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 76% and female literacy of 62%. 13% of the population is under 7 years of age.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "At a glance". haryanatourism.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-04-19. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bhiwani
  3. ^ a b Against the Odds: Vijender Kumar, BBC
  4. ^ Martinez, D.P.; Latham, Kevin (2013). Documenting the Beijing Olympics. Routledge. p. 171. ISBN 978-1-317-96575-6. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]