Bitra

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Bitra
ബിത്ര
Bitraബിത്ര is located in India
Bitraബിത്ര
Bitra
ബിത്ര
Location of Bitra in Lakshadweep
Geography
Location Arabian Sea
Coordinates 11°33′N 72°09′E / 11.550°N 72.150°E / 11.550; 72.150Coordinates: 11°33′N 72°09′E / 11.550°N 72.150°E / 11.550; 72.150
Archipelago Lakshadweep
Adjacent bodies of water Indian Ocean
Total islands 2
Major islands
  • Bitra
  • South Cay
Area 0.187 km2 (0.072 sq mi)[1]
Highest elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Administration
Territory Union territory of Lakshadweep
District Lakshadweep
Island group Aminidivi
Tehsils of India Aminidivi
Subdivisions of India Bitra
Demographics
Population 278 (2016)
Pop. density 1,570 /km2 (4,070 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Malayali, Mahls
Additional information
Time zone
PIN 682555
Telephone code 04890
ISO code IN-LD-07[2]
Official website lakshadweep.nic.in/island_web/Bitra/index.htm
Literacy 84.4%
Avg. summer temperature 32.0 °C (89.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 28.0 °C (82.4 °F)
Sex ratio 57%/

Bitra (Malayalam: ബിത്ര), also known as Bitrā Par, is a coral atoll belonging to the Amindivi Subgroup of islands of the Union Territory of Lakshadweep in India.[3] It is 1,958 km (1,217 mi) south of the city of Delhi.

History[edit]

Prior to the 20th century, islanders from Kiltan and Chetlat visited the island to collect the eggs of pelagic birds breeding there. Until 1945, when a woman from Chetlat made this island her home, there were no attempts to settle this island permanently.[4] There is a small shrine dedicated to an old Arab saint by the name of Malik Mulla who was buried on the island. The shrine has become a pilgrimage site.[5]

Geography[edit]

The atoll of Bitra encompasses two islands. The main Bitra Island 0.177 km2 (0.068 sq mi) is located at the northern end of the Bitrā Par coral reef 11°35′53″N 72°11′13″E / 11.598°N 72.187°E / 11.598; 72.187.[6] The small south cay 0.009 km2 (0.0035 sq mi)is located on the southern part of the coral reef 11°31′26″N 72°10′34″E / 11.524°N 72.176°E / 11.524; 72.176. Bitra is one of the populated islands of Lakshadweep. It is located 33 km to the north of Perumal Par and 41 km to the southeast of Byramgore Reef.[7] The Bitra Par lagoon area is 54.61 km2 (21.09 sq mi).

Population[edit]

The 2011 census determined that 271 people made this island their home, making it one of the least populated among the inhabited islands in Lakshadweep.[8]

Administration[edit]

The atoll belongs to the township of Bitra of Aminidivi Tehsil.[9]

Transportation[edit]

The main island has a small jetty on the south shore and a helipad on the westpoint.

Economics[edit]

The inhabitants on the island are engaged in very small scale farming and fishing which are mainly for the island consumption.

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Lakshadweep. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-07-22. 
  2. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  3. ^ Hydrographic Description (Indian Ocean Pilot)
  4. ^ Bitra Island, Lakshadweep
  5. ^ MGNREGS - Bitra Island
  6. ^ "Oceandots - Bitrā Par". Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2011-11-08. 
  7. ^ Birds of Lakshadweep Islands
  8. ^ Lakshadweep - Five Year Plan
  9. ^ Tehsils info

External links[edit]