Bryson City, North Carolina

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Bryson City, North Carolina
Downtown Bryson City, North Carolina
Downtown Bryson City, North Carolina
Bryson City, North Carolina is located in North Carolina
Bryson City, North Carolina
Bryson City, North Carolina
Location within the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°25′37″N 83°26′52″W / 35.42694°N 83.44778°W / 35.42694; -83.44778Coordinates: 35°25′37″N 83°26′52″W / 35.42694°N 83.44778°W / 35.42694; -83.44778
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountySwain
Named forThaddeus Dillard Bryson
Area
 • Total2.29 sq mi (5.94 km2)
 • Land2.18 sq mi (5.66 km2)
 • Water0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)
Elevation
1,752 ft (534 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,424
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
1,452
 • Density664.84/sq mi (256.73/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
28713
Area code(s)828
FIPS code37-08480[3]
GNIS feature ID1019348[4]
Websitehttp://www.brysoncitync.gov/

Bryson City is a town in Swain County, North Carolina in the United States. The population was 1,424 as of the 2010 Census.[5] It is the county seat of Swain County.[6]

History[edit]

Indigenous settlements[edit]

Indigenous cultures of Native Americans have been living and hunting along the Tuckasegee River in the vicinity of what is now Bryson City for nearly 14,000 years.[7] The village of Kituwa, which the Cherokee believed to be their oldest village and "mother town", was located along the Tuckasegee River. The ancient mound and village site is now controlled again by the federally recognized Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and is preserved as a sacred site. (Bryson City developed downstream from this site.)

In 1567, an orata (minor chief) from Kituwa is believed to have met with Spanish explorer Juan Pardo in the French Broad Valley to the north.[8] During the American Revolutionary War, many Cherokee allied with the British, hoping to expel European Americans from their territory. American soldiers burned and destroyed the town of Kituwa in 1776, but the Cherokee continued to hold annual ceremonial dances at the site throughout the 19th century.[9]

Buildings on Everett Street

Around 1818, a Cherokee chief known as Big Bear received a 640-acre (2.6 km2) reservation of land immediately west of the confluence of Deep Creek and the Tuckasegee River. Big Bear sold part of his reservation to Darling Belk in 1819 and another part to John B. Love in 1824. Throughout the 1830s, Belk's heirs and Love fought an extended legal battle over control of the former Big Bear land, with Love finally prevailing in 1840. The following year, Love sold part of the land to James and Diana Shuler. The Shulers, in turn, sold parts of their land to Colonel Thaddeus Bryson and merchant Alfred Cline. A small hamlet known as Bear Springs developed on what was once Big Bear's reservation.[9]

Contemporary history[edit]

With its population having increased, Swain County was formed from parts of Jackson and Macon counties in 1871, during the Reconstruction era. The new commissioners first met at Cline's store at Bear Springs. Lucy Ann (Raby) Cline agreed to sell several lots of her land to form a county seat. Initially known as Charleston, the county seat was laid out in a T-shape, formed by what are now Main and Everett streets (the latter street was named for the county's first sheriff, Epp Everett). The first Swain County Courthouse was completed in 1874.[10] In 1872, shortly after completion of the new jail, a gang led by Harvey Cooper stormed the jail and freed Tom Colvert, whom they deemed unjustly imprisoned for killing a rival at a saloon in Robbinsville.[11]

In 1889, the people of Charleston changed the city's name to "Bryson City" to acknowledge the role of Thaddeus Bryson in its development, and to eliminate confusion from sharing a name with Charleston, South Carolina. The Western North Carolina Railroad laid tracks through Bryson City in 1884, greatly improving transportation to the previously isolated area. The Bryson City Bank opened in 1904. The current Swain County Courthouse was completed in 1908, replacing the former one.[10]

The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, which was established in 1933 during the Great Depression, generates considerable revenue to for Swain County. Horace Kephart, an author and outdoors enthusiast who was based in Bryson City for several years, was a key early proponent for creation of the park.[12] The Deep Creek section of the park, which is immediately north of Bryson City, has a large campground and multiple trailheads. The park's main eastern entrance is located just a few miles east of Bryson City at Cherokee. Cherokee is the southern terminus of the Blue Ridge Parkway. It is also the base of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, the only federally recognized tribe in North Carolina. Many are descendants of Cherokee who avoided removal in the late 1830s.

The completion of Fontana Dam in 1944 created a reservoir, which inundated the only highway connecting Bryson City with the remote area of the Smokies known as the North Shore. The U.S. government began constructing a new highway in 1948, now known as Lakeview Drive, but it was slow. By 1972, only 7 miles (11 km) had been completed. Environmental and financial issues stalled the project, and the road became known to locals as "The Road to Nowhere".[13]

In 2007, the National Park Service deemed the road's construction to be in violation of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park's general management plan, and began working with Swain County to find an alternative.[14]

The increasing popularity of the automobile led to a decline in railroad transportation, and Southern Railway (which had replaced the Western North Carolina Railroad) dropped passenger service in 1948. After Norfolk Southern ended freight traffic on the railroad in 1985, the state of North Carolina purchased the tracks. In 1988, the state established a scenic line, known as the Great Smoky Mountains Railroad, with its depot and departure point in Bryson City.[15]

In 2015, the first FM station was launched. WTIJ-LP (100.7) broadcasts local and nationally syndicated ministers, and Christian music. The station is owned by Grace Christian Academy and broadcasts over the air and online 24/7.

Geography[edit]

Bryson City is located just west of the confluence of the Tuckasegee River, which flows westward from its source in the mountains to the east, and Deep Creek, which flows south from its source near Newfound Gap in the Great Smoky Mountains. After flowing around the Bryson City Island Park, and passing through Bryson City, the Tuckasegee flows southwestward for another 12 miles (19 km) before emptying into the Little Tennessee River. Fontana Lake, an impoundment of the Little Tennessee, covers the lower 11 miles (18 km) of the Tuckasegee.

The town is surrounded on all sides by mountains. The Great Smoky Mountains rise to the north, the Cowee Mountains rise to the south, and the Plott Balsams rise to the east. The boundary of the Nantahala National Forest passes just south of the city, and the boundary of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park passes just to the north. The Qualla Boundary, which comprises the bulk of the reservation of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, dominates the area to the east.

Bryson City is centered around the junction of Everett Street and Main Street. Main Street is part of U.S. Route 19, which connects Bryson City to Cherokee to the northeast and Murphy to the southwest.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2), of which 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (5.33%) is water.


Climate[edit]

Climate data for BRYSON CITY 4, NC, 1991-2020 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 47.7
(8.7)
51.8
(11.0)
59.9
(15.5)
68.8
(20.4)
75.0
(23.9)
80.3
(26.8)
83.6
(28.7)
83.0
(28.3)
78.2
(25.7)
69.7
(20.9)
59.9
(15.5)
50.4
(10.2)
67.4
(19.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 36.9
(2.7)
40.2
(4.6)
47.0
(8.3)
55.4
(13.0)
63.0
(17.2)
69.9
(21.1)
73.3
(22.9)
72.6
(22.6)
67.3
(19.6)
56.9
(13.8)
47.1
(8.4)
39.9
(4.4)
55.8
(13.2)
Average low °F (°C) 26.0
(−3.3)
28.5
(−1.9)
34.1
(1.2)
42.0
(5.6)
51.0
(10.6)
59.5
(15.3)
63.0
(17.2)
62.2
(16.8)
56.4
(13.6)
44.1
(6.7)
34.3
(1.3)
29.3
(−1.5)
44.2
(6.8)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.26
(134)
5.31
(135)
5.44
(138)
4.96
(126)
5.20
(132)
5.06
(129)
5.06
(129)
4.38
(111)
4.08
(104)
3.21
(82)
4.50
(114)
6.14
(156)
58.60
(1,488)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Source: NOAA[16][17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900417
191061246.8%
192088244.1%
19301,806104.8%
19401,612−10.7%
19501,499−7.0%
19601,084−27.7%
19701,29019.0%
19801,55620.6%
19901,145−26.4%
20001,41123.2%
20101,4240.9%
2019 (est.)1,452[2]2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,411 people (1,353 in 2009), 588 households, and 323 families residing in the town.[19] The population density was 663.5 people per square mile (255.8/km2). There were 713 housing units at an average density of 335.3 per square mile (129.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 90.93% White, 1.98% African American, 4.96% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.64% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.70% of the population.

There were 588 households, out of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.9% were non-families. 41.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 17.6% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 27.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $23,232, and the median income for a family was $31,875. Males had a median income of $26,528 versus $19,833 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,446. About 14.8% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 21.0% of those age 65 or over.

Infrastructure[edit]

There is a federal building and federal courthouse in Bryson City. The courthouse is in the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina.

Education[edit]

Swain County Schools is the local school district.[20] Swain County High School is the local high school.

In popular culture[edit]

  • Cormac McCarthy has his title character in his novel Suttree (1979), spend time in Bryson City after wandering over the mountains from Gatlinburg, Tennessee. He is kicked out of a restaurant for swearing at a waitress and is refused service at a bar before buying a bus ticket back to Knoxville.[21]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Bryson City, North Carolina (NC 28713) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ Beadle, Michael (May 24, 2006). "Remembering the Mother Town". Smokymountainnews.com. Archived from the original on August 13, 2009. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
  8. ^ Charles Hudson, The Juan Pardo Expeditions: Explorations of the Carolinas and Tennessee, 1566-1568 (Tuscaloosa, Ala.: University of Alabama Press, 2005), 97.
  9. ^ a b "History of Bryson City and Swain County, North Carolina". Brysoncitync.info. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
  10. ^ a b "History of Bryson City and Swain County, North Carolina". Brysoncitync.info. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
  11. ^ "History of Bryson City and Swain County, North Carolina". Brysoncitync.info. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
  12. ^ "History of Bryson City and Swain County, North Carolina". Brysoncitync.info. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
  13. ^ "Road to Nowhere NC: History of the unfinished road in Bryson City". Road to Nowhere NC: History of the unfinished road in Bryson City. TheSmokies.com. November 2021.
  14. ^ "Final Environmental Impact Statement — North Shore Road". The National Park Service, et al. Northshoreroad.info. September 2007. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
  15. ^ "About the Great Smoky Mountain Railroad". Gsmr.com. Archived from the original on August 20, 2008. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
  16. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  17. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-17. Retrieved 2010-12-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Swain County, NC" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-07-18.
  21. ^ Cormac McCarthy, Suttree (Vintage, 1992), pp. 291-293.

External links[edit]