Henderson, North Carolina

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Henderson, North Carolina
Historic downtown Henderson
Historic downtown Henderson
Official seal of Henderson, North Carolina
Nickname(s): 
The Gateway City, Triangle North, Lil’ Durham, The Gate's
motto = Progress, Pride, Potential
Location of Henderson, North Carolina
Location of Henderson, North Carolina
Coordinates: 36°19′29″N 78°24′31″W / 36.32472°N 78.40861°W / 36.32472; -78.40861Coordinates: 36°19′29″N 78°24′31″W / 36.32472°N 78.40861°W / 36.32472; -78.40861
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyVance
Named forLeonard Henderson[1]
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • MayorEddie Ellington
Area
 • Total8.63 sq mi (22.34 km2)
 • Land8.62 sq mi (22.33 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation505 ft (154 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total15,060
 • Estimate 
(2021)[4]
14,954
 • Density1,729.61/sq mi (667.79/km2)
Demonym(s)Hendersonian
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
27536-27537
Area code(s)252
FIPS code37-30660[5]
GNIS feature ID0986608[3]
Websitehenderson.nc.gov

Henderson, a city with a population of 15,060 at the 2020 census,[6] is the county seat of Vance County, North Carolina, United States.[7]

History[edit]

The city was named in honor of former North Carolina Supreme Court Chief Justice Leonard Henderson, who lived nearby and was a friend of early settler Lewis Reavis. Henderson was officially chartered by the North Carolina General Assembly in 1841.

Prior to the creation of Vance County in 1881, Henderson was located in far eastern Granville County.[8]

Ashland, Henderson Central Business Historic District, Henderson Fire Station and Municipal Building, Library and Laboratory Building-Henderson Institute, Mistletoe Villa, Maria Parham Hospital, Daniel Stone Plank House, Vance County Courthouse, West End School, Zollicoffer's Law Office, and Barker House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[9][10]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.2 square miles (21 km2), of which 8.2 square miles (21 km2) is land and 0.12% is water.

Henderson benefits from its location near Interstate 85 and U.S. 1. Highway 39 also runs through Henderson.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860186
18701,635779.0%
18801,421−13.1%
18904,191194.9%
19003,746−10.6%
19104,50320.2%
19205,22216.0%
19306,34521.5%
19407,64720.5%
195010,99643.8%
196012,74015.9%
197013,8969.1%
198013,522−2.7%
199015,65515.8%
200016,0952.8%
201015,368−4.5%
202015,060−2.0%
2021 (est.)14,954[4]−0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2020 census[edit]

Henderson racial composition[12]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 3,453 22.93%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 9,720 64.54%
Native American 37 0.25%
Asian 171 1.14%
Pacific Islander 2 0.01%
Other/Mixed 408 2.71%
Hispanic or Latino 1,269 8.43%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 15,060 people, 5,715 households, and 3,549 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 16,095 people, 6,332 households, and 4,122 families living in the city. The population density was 1,953.7 people per square mile (754.2/km2). There were 6,870 housing units at an average density of 833.9 per square mile (321.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 59.17% African American, 32.76% White, 0.27% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.36% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.13%.[5]

Of the 6,332 households 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% were married couples living together, 26.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 30.7% of households were one person and 14.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.05.

The age distribution was 27.4% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.5 males.

The median household income was $23,745 and the median family income was $30,222. Males had a median income of $26,804 versus $19,910 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,130. About 23.4% of families and 28.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.5% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Henderson is located on the S-Line, the former main line of the Seaboard Air Line Railroad now owned by CSX Transportation. The city was last served by passenger rail in 1986, at which time Amtrak's long-distance Silver Star was re-routed through Rocky Mount and part of the S-Line was abandoned.[13] Restoration of the line is planned as part of the Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor project.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About : Welcome to City of Henderson". Ci.henderson.nc.us. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Henderson, North Carolina
  4. ^ a b "QuickFacts Henderson city, North Carolina". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2021.
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  8. ^ "Map of old County Areas". November 3, 2012. Archived from the original (XSL) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  9. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  10. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/01/14 through 12/05/14. National Park Service. December 12, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2021.
  13. ^ "Henderson, NC". www.trainweb.org. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
  14. ^ Whitaker, Jamica. "Henderson native to enter N.C. Music Hall of Fame". The Henderson Daily Dispatch. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  15. ^ Moorefield, Mary (December 16, 2016). "Arts and Sciences Foundation dedicates Buchan House". College of Arts & Sciences. Retrieved May 30, 2017.

External links[edit]