|District of Maharashtra|
Location of Buldhana district in Maharashtra
|Administrative division||Amravati Division|
|Tehsils||Buldhana, Chikhli, Deulgaon Raja, Khamgaon, Shegaon, Malkapur, Motala, Nandura, Mehkar, Lonar, Sindkhed Raja, Jalgaon Jamod, Sangrampur|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Buldhana (MH-5), Raver (MH-4)( shared with Jalgaon district ) |
|• Assembly seats||Malkapur, Buldhana, Chikhli, Sindkhed Raja, Mehkar, Khamgaon, Jalgaon Jamod|
|• Total||9,640 km2 (3,720 sq mi)|
|• Density||270/km2 (700/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||928|
Buldhana (Marathi: बुलढाणा) is the district headquarters and a Municipal Council in the Buldhana District of Amravati division in the Indian State of Maharashtra. It is situated at the westernmost border of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and is 500 km from the state capital, Mumbai.
It is bounded by Madhya Pradesh on the north, Akola, Washim, and Amravati districts on the east, Jalna district on the south, and Jalgaon and Aurangabad districts on the west.
It is also known as the "Vidharbhacha Praveshdwar".
The city has a location amidst the mountains and it is also a Hill Station.
During old times this place used to be known as "Bhilla Thana" (center/station of Bhilla). The current name "Buldhana" is derived from this name over a period of time.
Buldhana, along with the rest of Berar Province, was part of the kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata, a Sanskrit epic poem. Berar formed part of the Maurya Empire during the reign of Ashoka (272–231 BCE). Berar came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE–2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6th centuries), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta Dynasty (8th to 10th centuries), the Chalukyas again (10th to 12th centuries), and finally the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries). A period of Muslim rule began when Alauddin Khilji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century. The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the mid-14th century. The Bahmani Sultanate broke up into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572 Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahis ceded Berar to the Mughal Empire in 1595. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18th century, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad, seized the southern provinces of the empire (including Berar) in 1724, forming an independent state. In 1853, the district, together with the rest of Berar, came under the administration of the British East India Company. Berar was divided into East and West Berar with Buldhana district being included in West Berar. In 1903, Berar was leased by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the British Government of India.
The district boundary has been changed many times. In 1480, as part of Berar taraf (province) of Bahamani Sultanate, Chikhli and Mehkar were part of Mahur division and Malkapur, Jalgaon, and Khamgaon were part of Gawil. During Akbar's time (1542–1605), it was part of the Sarkars (administrative unit) of Narnala, Baitalwadi, and Mehkar. In 1634 the area became known as Payanghat Subah (Lowlands Province) while Chikli and Mehkar were part of Balaghat Subah (Highlands Province), but by 1636 Berar became part of a large province called Deccan. Around that time, Malkapur, Jalgaon, Badner Bholji Pimpalgaon Raja, Jepur and Rajur were important parganas (administrative units of the Delhi Sultanate. In 1853 the district came into existence as North Berar district with Buldhana as its headquarters. It along with South Berar district with Hingoli as its headquarters constituted Berar Province. North Berar district included the present Amravati district, the northern half of Akola, and Buldhana. After the Indian Rebellion of 1857 Hingoli, along with the neighbouring countryside, was restored to the Nizam. Berar province was reconstituted into East Berar district with headquarters at Amaravati, and West Berar district with headquarters at Akola. After 1857 Mehkar, Chikhli, and Malkapur were part of West Berar district. In 1864 these three talukas were made independent as South-West Berar district, which was renamed Mehkar district in 1865. In 1867 Buldhana district came into existence, combining North Berar and Mehkar districts. After the amalgamation of Berar with the Central Provinces in 1903, Buldhana district became the district of Central Provinces and Berar. In August 1905 Khamgaon and Jalgaon tehsils from Akola district of Central Provinces and Berar were combined into Buldhana district. In 1950 it became part of Madhya Pradesh with Nagpur as its capital. In 1956, along with other Marathi-speaking regions of Vidarbha, it became part of Bombay State and part of Maharashtra State in 1960.
As of 2011[update] India census, Buldana city had a population of 67,431. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%.Buldana has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 82% and female literacy of 72%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The city is connected to other major cities of Maharashtra by State Highway 24 (Baitul (Madhya Pradesh) to Chandwad (Nashik)) and State Highway 176 (Malkapur to Solapur). There is a state project to build a 4-lane highway between Chikhli and Malkapur via Buldhana, but has been postponed due to some problems in the Rajur Ghat.
Railway connection has always been difficult because of the surrounding mountainous area. The nearest railhead is at Malkapur 50 km (31 mi) and Nandura 60 km (37 mi). The nearest rail junctions are Akola 105 km (65 mi) and Aurangabad 140 km (87 mi).
The nearest airport is at Aurangabad 140 km (87 mi). There have been demands for a domestic airport in Buldhana as it has several pilgrimage and historical centres such as Shegaon, Lonar and Sindkhed Raja.
The city has Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation. Khamgaon is important industrial area of district, Hindustan Unilever, Shivshakti Foods (Parle-G), and other small scale industries are there. However, there are not sufficient industries there as expected. There are some small-scale industries in the MIDC.
- Election Commission website
- census 2011
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Buldana
- google map [maps.google.co.in/]
- "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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