Purna River (tributary of Tapti)

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Purna river
River Purna in Summer.jpg
River Purna at Manegaon
EtymologyPurna river - Complete river
Location
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh, Maharashtra
RegionVidarbha, Khandesh
DistrictBetul District, Amravati, Akola, Buldhana, Jalgaon
Physical characteristics
SourcePokhrani Village
 - locationSatpura Range, Baitul district, Gawilgarh ranges, Madhya Pradesh
 - coordinates21°30′N 77°46′E / 21.500°N 77.767°E / 21.500; 77.767
MouthTapti river
 - location
Changdev, Jalgaon, Muktainagar, Maharashtra
 - coordinates
21°5′45″N 76°0′36″E / 21.09583°N 76.01000°E / 21.09583; 76.01000Coordinates: 21°5′45″N 76°0′36″E / 21.09583°N 76.01000°E / 21.09583; 76.01000
Discharge 
 - locationSurat,Gujarat
Discharge 
 - locationChangdev,Taluka-Muktainagar,Dist-Jalgaon,State-Maharashtra ,India
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftPedhi River[1], Mūrna River, Mūn River, Dnyanganga River, Vishwaganga River, Nalganaga River
 - rightArna River, Bodi River, Chandrabhaga River, Ban River, Shahanur River

The Purna River is a river of Western India. It is one of the chief tributaries of the Tapti river and empties into it at Changdev in Jalgaon, Maharashtra.

Etymology[edit]

The word purna means complete in Sanskrit. Is was also called the Payoshni or the Paisani (Sankrit word meaning Ambrosia).[citation needed] There are other rivers also named Purna (the Khadakpurna and the Katepurna).

There are several comparative societies named after the Purna river like the Purnamai Vidyalaya (Purna referring to the river and Maai meaning mother). The Purna is a major tributary of the Tapti river .

Description[edit]

The Purna is the main water source for the Malkapur region. It rises in the eastern Satpura Range of southern Madhya Pradesh, and flows westward, draining Maharashtra's Marathwada, Vidarbha region before merging with the Tapi river.

The watershed lies mostly in the eastern Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state and is nearly 18,929 square kilometres.[2]

It originates in Pokharni Village which is 2 km away from Bhainsdehi. Bhainsdehi is a tehsil in the Betul district of Madhya Pradesh, adjoining the Amravati district of Maharashtra. The river flows through Akola, Buldhana, and Jalgaon districts. The total length of the river is 334 km.[2] Many religious places are present along its banks.

Confluence[edit]

The Purna meets the Tapti at Changdev village in the Muktainagar taluk of Jalgaon District in Northern Maharashtra. The Changdeva Maharaj temple is built at this meeting place (Sangam) of the two rivers as devotees believe it to be sacred (pavitra sthan).

River tributaries[edit]

The Purna river and its tributaries

Gallery[edit]

A panorama of Purna River, Dhupeshwar, Malkapur

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amravati: Rivers". The Gazetteer Department, Maharashtra State Government. 1968.
  2. ^ a b Jain, SK; Agrawal, PK; Singh, VP (2007). Hydrology and Water Resources of India. Springer. p. 564. ISBN 978-1-4020-5179-1.