Byron, Oklahoma

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Byron, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Byron, Oklahoma
Location of Byron, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°54′07″N 98°17′38″W / 36.90194°N 98.29389°W / 36.90194; -98.29389Coordinates: 36°54′07″N 98°17′38″W / 36.90194°N 98.29389°W / 36.90194; -98.29389
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Alfalfa
Area
 • Total 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 • Land 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,194[1] ft (364 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 35
 • Estimate (2015)[3] 37
 • Density 146/sq mi (56.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73722
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-10650[4]
GNIS feature ID 1090780[1]

Byron is a town in Alfalfa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 35 at the time of the 2010 census.[5]

History[edit]

Byron was named by Postmaster V. C. Spurrier, who received a postal designation on April 27, 1898 for a town to be named Byron - after his relative, Byron Spurrier, who owned a store there.[6][7][8] Originally located in Woods County, Byron became part of the newly organized Alfalfa County in 1907, at the time of statehood.[7]

While the town was listed in an 1898 state gazetteer, its lack of railroad access caused the new settlement to develop slowly at first.[7] However, in April 1901, W. C. Edwards purchased land for a new townsite about a mile south and one-half mile east of the original settlement and within the course of a month the existing business buildings were moved from the old to the new town site and a new bank, meat market, and lumberyard had been opened. In April 1902, the Woods County commission incorporated the town of Byron. In anticipation of the arrival of the Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway line that ran south from Kansas through the county, a grain elevator was constructed in October.[7] Upon completion of the line to Byron on the 21st of October of that year, "the town celebrated with a huge bonfire, and the railroad laborers were treated to lemonade, cigars, and locally grown apples."[7]

After the arrival of the railroad, Byron flourished economically. The town's population reached it peak of 286 by 1909. Notable businesses included the Byron State Bank, two newspapers - the Byron Republican and the Byron Promoter - and both a Christian and a Methodist church. It also sported two hardware stores, three general stores, a blacksmith, and a flour mill.[7]

Area farms produced both wheat and alfalfa and the town became an important market and shipping point for grain and livestock. In 1929, one of the state's four warm-water fish hatcheries was established to produce sport fish for state lakes and farm ponds, which remains to this day. However, Byron began a slow economic decline as falling agricultural prices and the Great Depression both took their toll. By 1930, the census counted only 197 residents.[7]

An interesting political development briefly brought Byron into the news, when in 1935 five women unseated five male incumbents on the town board. They proceeded to pay off the town's debt and began to produce income through the sale of electricity to its residents.[7]

Nonetheless, in 1942, the railroad abandoned its line through town. Through the 1940s and 1950s, only a half-dozen businesses were still in operation.[7] A declining rural population prompted the combining of Byron's school with those of nearby Driftwood. Then in the 1960s, Burlington, Amorita, Byron, and Driftwood schools consolidated into a single school located in Burlington.[9] Its population continued to fall to 131 in 1950, 72 in 1970, and only 57 in 1990. Byron ended the twentieth century with a population of 45, and by 2010, the U.S. Census counted just 35 residents.[7]

Geography[edit]

Byron is located at 36°54′07″N 98°17′38″W / 36.90194°N 98.29389°W / 36.90194; -98.29389 (36.9019722, -98.2939595).[1]

The town has a total area of 0.24 square miles (0.62 km2), with a population density of 153 people per square mile.[10]

Byron lies along State Highway 58.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 286
1920 249 −12.9%
1930 197 −20.9%
1940 177 −10.2%
1950 131 −26.0%
1960 82 −37.4%
1970 72 −12.2%
1980 67 −6.9%
1990 57 −14.9%
2000 45 −21.1%
2010 35 −22.2%
Est. 2015 37 [3] 5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[2]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 45 people, 19 households, and 14 families residing in the town. The population density was 185.6 people per square mile (72.4/km²). There were 26 housing units at an average density of 107.2 per square mile (41.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 100.00% White.

There were 19 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.7% were married couples living together, and 26.3% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the town, the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 73.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $34,000, and the median income for a family was $33,500. Males had a median income of $19,375 versus $16,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $44,525. There were 12.5% of families and 11.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including no one under the age of 18 and none of those over 64.

Other links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Feature Detail Report for: Byron". Geographic Names Information System(GNIS). United States Geological Survey. December 18, 1979. Retrieved July 1, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Byron town, Oklahoma". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 
  6. ^ Shirk, George H. (March 15, 1987). Oklahoma Place Names (First Paperback, 1987 ed.). University of Oklahoma Press. p. 39. ISBN 0-8061-2028-2. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Everett, Dianna. "Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Byron". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Byron. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved January 7, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Byron Community Profile". ePodunk. Internet Brands Real Estate. Retrieved January 7, 2016. 
  9. ^ Everett, Dianna. "Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Amorita". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Amorita. Oklahoma History Center. Retrieved January 11, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Byron, Oklahoma". city-data.com. city-data.com. Retrieved February 4, 2016. 
  11. ^ Oklahoma 2009-2010 Official State Map (PDF) (Map) (2009-2010 ed.). Oklahoma Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 

External links[edit]