CGR 0-4-0ST 1881

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Table Bay Harbour 0-4-0ST (3'6")
CGR 0-4-0ST 1881
South African 0-4-0ST 1881
Harbour Board PE 0-4-0ST no. 14.jpg
Table Bay Harbour's no. 14, then CGR no. 14, then SAR no. 014, in Port Elizabeth c. 1930
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerBlack, Hawthorn & Co.
BuilderBlack, Hawthorn & Co.
Chapman and Furneaux
Hawthorn Leslie and Company
Serial numberSee table
Build date1881-1904
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte0-4-0ST (Four-coupled)
 • UICBn2t
Driver2nd coupled axle
Gauge3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge
Coupled dia.34 in (864 mm)
Wheelbase5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm)
Length:
 • Over couplers18 ft 4 12 in (5,601 mm)
 • Over beams16 ft 1 in (4,902 mm)
Height9 ft 7 in (2,921 mm)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity10 long hundredweight (0.5 t)
Water cap350 imp gal (1,590 l)
Firebox typeRound-top
 • Firegrate area5 sq ft (0.46 m2)
Boiler:
 • TypeDomeless
 • Pitch4 ft 6 in (1,372 mm)
 • Diameter2 ft 11 14 in (895 mm) outside
 • Tube plates8 ft (2,438 mm)
 • Small tubes70: 1 34 in (44 mm)
Boiler pressure130 psi (896 kPa)
Safety valveRamsbottom
Heating surface303 sq ft (28.1 m2)
 • Tubes274 sq ft (25.5 m2)
 • Firebox29 sq ft (2.7 m2)
CylindersTwo
Cylinder size10 in (254 mm) bore
17 in (432 mm) stroke
Valve gearStephenson
CouplersJohnston link-and-pin
Performance figures
Tractive effort4,875 lbf (21.69 kN) @ 75%
Career
OperatorsTable Bay Harbour Board
Cape Government Railways
South African Railways
Number in class13
Numbers1, 6, 7, 9-17, 29
Delivered1881-1904
First run1881
Last run1938

The Cape Government Railways 0-4-0ST of 1881 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Cape of Good Hope.

Between 1881 and 1904, thirteen 0-4-0 saddle-tank locomotives entered shunting service at the Table Bay Harbour in Cape Town. They were virtually identical to three Brunel gauge locomotives which entered service as breakwater construction locomotives in Table Bay Harbour between 1881 and 1893. In 1908, they were taken onto the Cape Government Railways roster and in 1912, when the South African Railways was established, eleven were still in stock.[1][2][3][4]

Manufacturers[edit]

Thirteen 0-4-0 saddle-tank locomotives were acquired by the Table Bay Harbour Board in Cape Town between 1881 and 1904, for use as dock shunters at the harbour. They were delivered in five batches from three manufacturers.[3]

  • One locomotive, no. 6, was delivered from Black, Hawthorn & Co. in 1881.[1][3][5]
  • Between 1890 and 1893, it was followed by three more locomotives from the same manufacturer, numbered 1, 7 and 9.[1][3][5]
  • Two more locomotives followed from Black, Hawthorn in late 1895 or early 1896, numbered 10 and 11.[3]
  • During 1896, the firm of Black, Hawthorn was taken over by Chapman and Furneaux, who delivered another six of these locomotives in 1897 and 1898, numbered in the range from 12 to 17.[1][3][4]
  • In 1904, a single 0-4-0ST locomotive, no. 29, was delivered from Hawthorn Leslie and Company. Although it is not known, it is possible that it was built to the same design as the aforementioned locomotives since, when Chapman and Furneaux closed, its drawings, patterns and goodwill were bought by Hawthorn Leslie.[6]

Characteristics[edit]

The locomotives were virtually identical to three Brunel gauge 0-4-0ST locomotives which entered service as breakwater construction engines in Table Bay Harbour between 1881 and 1893. Apart from the gauge difference, the Brunel gauge engines had larger bore cylinders of 11 inches (279 millimetres) diameter, compared to the 10 inches (254 millimetres) bore of the Cape gauge engines. Both engine types had domeless boilers with a sandbox mounted in the centre of the saddle tank.[1][3]

Service[edit]

Cape Government Railways[edit]

By 1908, no. 1 was already either scrapped or sold. The remaining twelve locomotives were all taken onto the Cape Government Railways (CGR) roster in 1908. They retained their original Harbour Board numbers while in CGR service.[3]

South African Railways[edit]

When the Union of South Africa was established on 31 May 1910, the three Colonial government railways (CGR, Natal Government Railways and Central South African Railways) were united under a single administration to control and administer the railways, ports and harbours of the Union. Even though the South African Railways and Harbours came into existence in 1910, the actual classification and renumbering of all the rolling stock of the three constituent railways was only implemented with effect from 1 January 1912.[7][8]

Black, Hawthorn-built no. 11, c. 1912

By 1912, eleven of these locomotives survived, but they were considered obsolete and excluded from the South African Railways (SAR) classification and renumbering program. While ten of them were listed in the notes to the renumbering lists as having been excluded, no. 15 was not mentioned. They were initially staged in a shed in Cape Town, but appear to have been placed back in service since a number of them survived into the late 1930s before being scrapped.[1][2][3][8]

Obsolete locomotives on the SAR had the numeral "0" prefixed to their existing numbers, although on these engines it appears that new number plates to that effect were never affixed to them. In the SAR era, no. 09 was transferred to Mossel Bay Harbour and two, numbers 010 and 014, went to Port Elizabeth Harbour. These three engines were eventually scrapped at Uitenhage between 1916 and 1938. No. 15, which was not mentioned in the SAR renumbering lists of 1912, was sold to Lourenco Marques Forwarding Agency in Mozambique in 1913 and employed in the Lourenco Marques docks. The rest remained in service in Table Bay Harbour until they were withdrawn and scrapped between 1913 and 1935.[1][3]

Works numbers and disposition[edit]

The numbers, builders, works numbers, dates ordered, SAR numbers and disposition of these locomotives are listed in the table.[1][3][5][8]

Illustration[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Holland, D. F. (1972). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways. 2: 1910-1955 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. pp. 116–117, 122–123. ISBN 978-0-7153-5427-8.
  2. ^ a b Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. p. 25. ISBN 0869772112.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Contents of emails received from Dr John Middleton, Washington. Transcripts copied to Table Bay Harbour locomotives by Black, Hawthorn & Chapman and Furneaux for retention and easy reference.
  4. ^ a b Soul of A Railway, System 1, Part 16: Table Bay Harbour © Les Pivnic. Caption 8. (Accessed on 30 June 2017)
  5. ^ a b c Contents of emails received from Dr John Middleton, Washington. Transcripts copied to Table Bay Harbour construction locomotives for retention and easy reference.
  6. ^ Contents of emails received from Dr John Middleton, Washington. Transcripts copied to Table Bay Harbour locomotive no. 29 by Hawthorn Leslie for retention and easy reference.
  7. ^ The South African Railways - Historical Survey. Editor George Hart, Publisher Bill Hart, Sponsored by Dorbyl Ltd., Published c. 1978, p. 25.
  8. ^ a b c Classification of S.A.R. Engines with Renumbering Lists, issued by the Chief Mechanical Engineer's Office, Pretoria, January 1912, p. 2. (Reprinted in April 1987 by SATS Museum, R.3125-6/9/11-1000)