Chashma Nuclear Power Plant

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Chashma Nuclear Power Plant
Chashma Nuclear Power Plant is located in Pakistan
Chashma Nuclear Power Plant
Location of Chashma Nuclear Power Plant in Pakistan
Official name Chashma Nuclear Power Complex
Country Pakistan
Location Chashma, Kundian, Punjab
Coordinates 32°23′25″N 71°27′45″E / 32.39028°N 71.46250°E / 32.39028; 71.46250Coordinates: 32°23′25″N 71°27′45″E / 32.39028°N 71.46250°E / 32.39028; 71.46250
Status Operational
Construction began 1 August 1993 (1993-08-01)
Commission date Unit 1: 15 September 2000
Unit 2: 14 March 2011
Construction cost Unit 2: US$0.86 billion
Unit 3 & 4 total: US$2.37 billion
Owner(s) Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)
Operator(s) PAEC
Nuclear power station
Reactor type PWR
Reactor supplier Sino-Pak Nuclear Technology Consortium (SPNTC)
PAEC
Cooling source Chashma Lake, Indus River
Cooling towers no
Power generation
Units operational 2 x 325 MW
Units under const. 2 x 340 MW
Units planned 1 x 1100 MW
Nameplate capacity 650 MW
Average generation 4200 GW·h

The Chashma Nuclear Power Plant (CHASNUPP) or Chashma Nuclear Power Complex, near Chashma Colony and Kundian town, Mianwali District, Punjab, Pakistan, is a commercial nuclear power plant consisting of two operating units (CHASNUPP-I and CHASNUPP-II), two units under construction (CHASNUPP-III and CHASNUPP-IV). Chashma Nuclear Power Plant reactors and other facilities are being built and operated by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) with Chinese support under the approval and guidelines of International Atomic Energy Agency.

The IAEA as well as the United States Department of Energy recognised the urgency of Pakistan's energy needs, which is expected to grow seven to eight times by 2030.

In November 2006, The International Atomic Energy Agency approved an agreement with the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission for new nuclear power plants to be built in the country with Chinese assistance. The 35-member Board of Governors of the IAEA unanimously approved the safeguards agreement for any future Nuclear Power Plants that Pakistan will be constructing.[1][2]

Unit 1[edit]

The 325 MW unit 1 (CHASNUPP-I) is a pressurised water reactor that began commercial operation in May 2000.[3] It is located at Kundian, Punjab, Pakistan.

Unit 2[edit]

The 325 MW unit 2, (CHASNUPP-II) is like CHASNUPP-I. Unit 2 was officially inaugurated on 10 May 2011 by former Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani.[3][4]

Unit 3 & 4[edit]

On 28 April 2009 a general engineering and design contract for CHASNUPP-3 and CHASNUPP-4 was signed with Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design Institute (SNERDI). The units will both have generation capacity of 340 MW and a design life of 40 years.

On 6 March 2013 the dome of the third reactor was lifted into place. Construction is planned to be completed in 2016 for No. III, and in 2017 for No. IV.[5]

The reactor type is CNP-300.[6]

Unit 5[edit]

On March 2013, Pakistan and China agreed to build a fifth unit (CHASNUPP-5). It will be an ACP-1000.[7]

Nuclear Engineering Training centre[edit]

The complex has its own training establishment, known as CHASCENT (CHASNUPP Center of Nuclear Training). CHASCENT houses a Full Scope Training Simulator (FSTS) for CHASNUPP-1 and a similar facility for CHASNUPP-2 is under construction. The simulator is used for providing training to the nuclear power plant operators. Apart from training nuclear plant operators the centre offers various engineering programs at diploma and degree levels. The centre is currently in a phase of expansion to cater to an ever-increasing demand for quality technicians and engineers within PAEC.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]