Cayambe Coca Ecological Reserve

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cayambe Coca National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Volcan Cayambe.JPG
Cayambe volcano, the park's namesake
Location Ecuador:
Sucumbíos, Napo, Pichincha, Imbabura
Nearest cityQuito
Coordinates0°3′0″N 77°48′0″W / 0.05000°N 77.80000°W / 0.05000; -77.80000Coordinates: 0°3′0″N 77°48′0″W / 0.05000°N 77.80000°W / 0.05000; -77.80000
Area4031.03 km2
Established1970

Cayambe Coca National Park is a national park in Ecuador located along the Equator about 38 km (24 mi) from Quito. The park encompasses an area of 4,031.03 km2 (996,090 acres).

The reserve[edit]

The park includes two very different regions of Ecuador, the high altitude sierra with Cayambe volcano and the hot, humid rainforest of the Amazon basin as well as the intervening temperate cloud forest. There are three entrances, and the one chosen by the visitor will reflect which region they wish to visit because there are few tracks within the park. The entrance near the town of Cayambe in Pichincha Province provides access to the mountain. The high level "Ruales-Oleas-Bergé Refuge" is a mountain hut with accommodation for those who wish to climb the volcano, while other attractions include lakes, waterfalls and forests. An entrance near Papallacta in Napo Province provides access to the forests and lakelets in the Andean foothills and the Páramo, an area of tropical, montane vegetation above the treeline. A third entrance near Santa Rosa de Quijos provided access to the formerly spectacular San Rafael Falls, once the highest waterfall in the country.[1]

Fauna[edit]

Large birds such as the Andean condor and variable hawk are commonplace in the skies above the reserve. Spectacled bears, foxes, and deer are some of the larger animals of the reserve. Páramo rabbits and armadillos are among the smaller fauna. There are 106 species of mammals, including the mountain tapir, cougar and culpeo, 395 species of birds, 70 reptiles, and 116 amphibians.[2]

Flora[edit]

Laguna Baños

Local habitat types include the grasslands of the páramo and montane cloud forests. Bunchgrasses, ferns, and lycopods are common plants. There are over 100 species of endemic plants.[2]

Culture[edit]

There are indigenous communities living within the protected area such as the Quechua people of Oyacachi in the Napo Province and the Cofán people of Sinangoé in the Sucumbíos Province.[3]

Tourist attractions[edit]

San Rafael Waterfall (2012)
  • Papallacta, which features hot springs and highland prairies frequented for fishing and bird watching.
  • Cayambe Canton, which is the site of the Pambamarca pre-Incan structures, the Sun and Moon temples in Puntiatsil, and part of the Inca Trail.
  • The snow-topped Cayambe volcano.
  • Lake Puruhanta, which has trails, and camping, and is the site of ancient ruins called la Mesa.
  • Lago San Marcos
  • San Rafael Waterfall on Coca River, until recently, the tallest waterfall in Ecuador, with a height of 131 metres (430 ft).
    • On February 2, 2020 the water stopped flowing, the result of a sinkhole nearby which divided the cascade into three streams which are no longer easily observed.[4]
  • Quijos Valley
  • The summits Sarahurco (4,725 metres (15,502 ft)) and Cerro Puntas (4,452 metres (14,606 ft)) and the Reventador Volcano (3485 m)
  • The virgin forests of Paquiestancia and Cascade of Buga (3500 m)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A Guide to Discovering Ecuador's Cayambe-Coca National Park, Ecuador". Culture Trip. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b "General Information on Cayambe Coca" (in Spanish). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 2011-07-15.
  3. ^ "Tourist Guide to Cayambe Coca" (PDF) (in Spanish). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 2011-07-15.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "The Disappearance of Ecuador's Tallest Waterfall". Earth observatory. NASA. Retrieved 28 March 2020.

External links[edit]