From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

sand spurs
Cenchrus longispinus burr
Scientific classification

Type species
Cenchrus echinatus[2][3]
  • Cenchropsis Nash
  • Echinaria Fabr. 1759, rejected name not Desf. 1799
  • Nastus Lunell 1915, illegitimate homonym not Juss. 1789
  • Raram Adans.
  • Runcina Allamand
  • Odontelytrum Hack.
  • Pseudochaetochloa Hitchc.
A sand spur, close up.
Sand spur in front of a centimeter scale

Cenchrus is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family.[3][5] Its species are native to many countries in Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands.[6][7]

Common names include buffelgrasses, sandburs, and sand spur. Such names allude to the sharp, spine-covered burrs characterizing the inflorescences of the members of the genus.[8]

Some botanists include the genus within the related genus Pennisetum.

  1. Cenchrus abyssinicus (Hack.) Morrone - Ethiopia, Tanzania, Yemen, Limpopo, Mpumalanga
  2. Cenchrus agrimonioides Trin.kāmanomano - Hawaiian Islands
  3. Cenchrus arnhemicus (F.Muell.) Morrone - Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory)
  4. Cenchrus biflorus Roxb.kram-kram - Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent, Madagascar
  5. Cenchrus brevisetosus (B.K.Simon) B.K.Simon - Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
  6. Cenchrus brownii Roem. & Schult. - North + South America, West Indies
  7. Cenchrus caliculatus Cav. - Australia, New Zealand, assorted islands in Pacific + Indian Oceans
  8. Cenchrus ciliaris L. – buffelgrass - Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent, Sicily; naturalized in parts of North + South America, Southeast Asia, various islands; considered noxious weed in some places
  9. Cenchrus distichophyllus - Cuba
  10. Cenchrus echinatus L. – common sandbur - North + South America, West Indies; naturalized in parts of Africa, southern Asia, various islands
  11. Cenchrus elegans Veldkamp - Malesia
  12. Cenchrus elymoides - Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
  13. Cenchrus gracillimus Nash - West Indies, southeastern USA
  14. Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Fern. – mat sandbur - Canada, USA, Mexico
  15. Cenchrus mitis Andersson - Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Mozambique
  16. Cenchrus multiflorus J.Presl - Mexico, Central America
  17. Cenchrus myosuroides Kunth - North + South America, West Indies
  18. Cenchrus palmeri Vasey - Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa, Arizona
  19. Cenchrus pennisetiformis Steud. - Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent
  20. Cenchrus pilosus Kunth - from central Mexico to northern Chile
  21. Cenchrus platyacanthus Andersson - Galápagos
  22. Cenchrus prieurii - Sahara, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar
  23. Cenchrus robustus - Queensland, New South Wales
  24. Cenchrus setiger Vahl - Sahara, East Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar, Andaman & Nicobar
  25. Cenchrus somalensis - Somalia
  26. Cenchrus spinifex Cav. – coastal sandbur - North + South America, West Indies
  27. Cenchrus tribuloides L. – sanddune sandbur - North + South America, West Indies
Formerly included[4]

several species now considered better suited to other genera: Anthephora Centotheca Dactyloctenium Echinaria Echinolaena Hackelochloa Hilaria Pennisetum Phragmites Scleria Setaria Trachys Tragus Tribolium

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Genus: Cenchrus L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-09. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
  2. ^ lectotype designated by Green, Prop. Brit. Bot.: 193 (1929)
  3. ^ a b Tropicos, Cenchrus L.
  4. ^ a b c "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families".
  5. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 1049-1050 in Latin
  6. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 552 蒺藜草属 ji li cao shu Cenchrus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1049. 1753.
  7. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Cenchrus includes photos and range maps for several species
  8. ^ "What is a Sandspur anyway?". shelkey.org. 2008-10-20. Archived from the original on 2009-08-16. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
  9. ^ "Cenchrus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
  10. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Cenchrus". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2009-05-08. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
  11. ^ The Plant List search for Cenchrus
  • Culbert, D. (2003-10-19). "Sticky Sandspur". UF/IFAS Okeechobee County Extension Service.

External links[edit]