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A flight nurse is a registered nurse who specialises in the field of providing comprehensive pre-hospital, emergency critical care, and hospital care to a vast scope of patients. The care of these patients is generally during aeromedical evacuation or rescue operations aboard helicopters, propeller aircraft or jet aircraft. On board a rescue aircraft you would find a flight nurse accompanied by flight medics and respiratory practitioners, as well as the option of a flight physician for comprehensive emergency and critical transport teams. The inclusion of a flight physician is more commonly seen in pediatric and neonatal transport teams.
Roles and duties
A flight nurse is required to complete a copious amount of duties each and every call out. Listed below is a comprehensive list of these duties and responsibilities:
- Flight nurses perform as a member of an aeromedical evacuation team on helicopters and propeller or jet aircraft
- Responsible for planning and preparing for aeromedical evacuation missions
- Expedite mission and initiate emergency treatment in absence of Flight Physician
- Provide in-flight management and nursing care for patients
- Evaluate individual patient in-flight needs
- Liaison between medical and operational aircrews and support personnel to promote patient comfort
- Responsible for maintaining patient care, comfort and safety
- Care for patients with both medical and traumatic issues
- Request appropriate medications, supplies and equipment to provide care to patient
- Must have training in mechanical ventilation, hemodynamic support, vasoactive medications and intensive care skills
- Specialised clinical skills in union with knowledge, theory, education and expertise in hospital and pre-hospital environments are required 
- Perform advanced medical procedures without supervision of a doctor such as intubation, ventilator management, chest tube insertion, intra-osseous line placement, central line placement, intra-aortic balloon pump management, management of pacing devices, titration of vasoactive medications, pain management, administration of anaesthetic medications for intubation, and in some cases, emotional and family care 
National[clarification needed] requirements for most flight nurse programs include:
- License as a registered nurse
- 2–3 years of critical care experience and/or mobile intensive care unit (MICU) experience.
- Advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) certificate
- Pediatric advanced life support (PALS) certificate
Additional requirements may include:
- Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP)
- Nationally recognised trauma program such as Pre Hospital Trauma Life (PHTLS)
- Support (PHTLS), Basic Trauma Life Support (BTLS), Trauma Nurse Core Course (TNCC), or Transport Nurse Advanced Trauma Course (TNATC)
- Certifications such as Critical Care certification (CCRN), Certified Emergency Nurse (CEN), or Certified Flight Registered Nurse (CFRN)
Helpful, but may not be required:
- EMT or EMT-P (paramedic) certification with field experience (some states require flight nurses to be certified as EMTs or EMT-Ps)
- Certified Emergency Nurse (CEN)
- Certified Flight Registered Nurse (CFRN)
- Critical Care Registered Nurse (CCRN)
- Works for hospitals, federal, state and local governments, private medical evacuation firms, fire departments and other agencies.
- Army Air Force Evacuation Service
- Member of aeromedical evacuation crew
- Senior medical member of aeromedical evacuation team on Continental United States (CONUS)
- Works in intra-theatre and inter-theatre flights to provide in-flight management and nursing care
- Plan/Prepare aeromedical evacuation missions and prepare patient care facilitation plan
Australia has an estimated 20% of land recognised as desert with a rather small population density. Providing health care to these remote rural towns can prove to be quite laborious. Australia provides a number of organisations that flight nurses are under employment of.
- Aerospace Medical Association
- Air Medical Services
- Flight Nurse Badge (U.S.)
- RAF Medical Services
- Respiratory therapist
- Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia
- "Angels of the Airfields: Navy Air Evacuation Nurses of World War II | Naval Historical Foundation". www.navyhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
- Jones, Joy; Young, J S (2004). "Soaring to New Heights as a Flight Nurse". Critical Care Nurse. ISSN 0279-5442.
- Brideson, G (2015). "Images of flight nursing in Australia: A study using institutional ethnography". Nursing and Health Sciences. 18 (1): 38–43. doi:10.1111/nhs.12225. PMID 26235106.
- US Air Force ROTC. "Flight Nurse". Archived from the original on 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2008-06-05. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- David M Kaniecki Acnp (2013). Operation Flight Nurse: Real-Life Medical Emergencies. David Kaniecki. ISBN 978-0-615-83996-7.
- Janice Hudson (2011). Trauma Junkie: Memoirs of an Emergency Flight Nurse. Firefly Books. ISBN 978-1-77088-004-7.