Nurse anesthetist

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Nurse anesthetist
Occupation
Activity sectors
Anesthesia, Nursing
Description
CompetenciesAdministration of anesthetics and the elimination of pain.
Education required
Varies between country
Fields of
employment

A nurse anesthetist is an advanced practice nurse who administers anesthesia for surgery or other medical procedures. Nurse anesthetists are involved in the administration of anesthesia in a majority of countries, with varying levels of autonomy[1] A 2002 survey reported that there were 107 countries where nurse anesthetists practice anesthesia and nine countries where nurses assist in the administration of anesthesia.[2][3]

In the United States[edit]

In the United States, the term Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) is used to denote advanced practiced registered nurses with a doctorate or masters specializing in the administration of anesthesia.[4] CRNA's are recognized as licensed independent practitioners, with the ability to administer anesthesia independently of anesthesiologists[5][6][7] CRNA's account for approximately half of the anesthesia providers in the United States and are the main providers of anesthesia in rural America, administering approximately 43 million anesthetics to patients each year.[8] [9]

Internationally[edit]

Currently there are 107 countries where nurse anesthetists practice and nine countries where nurses assist in the administration of anesthesia.[2] In 1989, the International Federation of Nurse Anesthetists was established.[3] They have developed standards of education, practice, and a code of ethics. Delegates from 35 member countries participate in the World Congress every few years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ McAuliffe, M. S; Henry, B (1996). "Countries where anesthesia is administered by nurses". AANA Journal. 64 (5): 469–79. PMID 9124030.
  2. ^ a b McAuliffe, M.S., Henry B. (2002). Nurse Anesthesia Worldwide: Practice, Education, and Regulation. Retrieved May 23, 2007, from http://ifna-int.org/ifna/e107_files/downloads/Practice.pdf
  3. ^ a b International Federation of Nurse Anesthetists (2007). About IFNA... Retrieved May 23, 2007, from http://ifna-int.org/ifna/page.php?16
  4. ^ "Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) - Department of Anesthesiology". anesthesiology.weill.cornell.edu.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-08-04. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-08-04. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  7. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-08-04. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  8. ^ Daughettry, Lindsay (2010). "Is There a Shortage of Anesthesia Providers in the United States?". Rand Health. Retrieved September 30, 2018.
  9. ^ "CRNA Fact Sheet". www.aana.com.