Nursing in Pakistan

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Nursing is a major component of Pakistan's health-care system. The topic has been the subject of extensive historical studies, is as of 2009 a major issue in that country, and has been the subject of much scholarly discussion amongst academics and practitioners.[1] In 2009, Pakistan’s government stated its intent to improve the country's nursing care.[2]

Nursing is a health-care profession which is mainly aimed on the care of families and individuals. Nursing is important in every part of the world, but in developing countries like Pakistan, the subject of nursing care has provided special focus and attention on the health sector by nursing care. Nurses are also encouraged[by whom?] to gain certification in a specialized area so as to give their nursing careers a proper dimension. In Pakistan, nurses are required[by whom?] to wear distinguishing devices like pins and colored epaulets to identify them as licensed professionals.

Nursing education and organizations[edit]

Pakistani educational system included these famous nursing institutes:[3]

  1. School of Nursing, Christian hospital Quetta
  2. Karachi King's (K.K) School & College of Nursing, Karachi.
  3. New Life School & College of Nursing, Karachi.
  4. New Life Institute of Nursing, Multan
  5. People's Nursing School, LUMHS Jamshoro [1]
  6. Jamshoro College of Nursing, Jamshoro (JCON)
  7. College of Nursing, PIMS Islamabad constitute college of Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University Islamabad
  8. College of Nursing Nursing, JPMC, Karachi affiliated with Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro
  9. Institute of Nursing Nursing at Dow University of Health Sciences Karachi
  10. Aga Khan University School of Nursing,[4]
  11. Institute of Nursing Sciences, Khyber Medical University Peshawar
  12. Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences School of Nursing.[5][6]
  13. Institute of Nursing Dow University Of Health Sciences, Karachi
  14. the Ilmiya Institute of Nursing, Karachi affiliated with Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro
  15. Karachi Adventist College of Nursing
  16. Sachal Sarmast Institute of Nursing, Khair Pur Mir's
  17. Mehran School of Nursing, Khairpur Mirs
  18. Shifa College of Nursing Islamabad
  19. Liaquat National College of Nursing, Karachi affiliated with Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro
  20. Lahore School of Nursing, The University of Lahore
  21. College of Nursing, Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore
  22. College of Nursing, Isra University Karachi
  23. College of Nursing, Zia Ud Din University
  24. Institute of nursing sciences Khyber Medical University Peshawar
  25. People SON LUMS, Jamshoro
  26. Life saving institute of Nursing Karachi
  27. Rufaidah nursing college peshawar .A project of Peshawar Medical college (pmc) affiliated with Ripah International University, Islamabad.
  28. College of Nursing, Rehman Medical Institute
  29. College of Nursing, Saida Waheed FMH

The Canadian International Development Agency funded several nursing education initiatives in the 1980s and 1990s.[4]

Pakistan has established professional nursing organizations. The Pakistan Nursing Council (PNC), established in 1948 and formally constituted by Acts in 1952 and 1973, certifies nurses, midwives, Lady Health Visitors (LHVs), Licensed Practical Nurses and Nursing Auxiliaries for practice.[7] The PNC has involvement in improving and standardizing public education and clinical nursing standards.[8] They also oversee the ethical standards and general welfare of nurses. The PNC inspects and approves nursing schools. This Council also approves education programs and has the authority to examine, register and enrol nurses, midwives and nursing auxiliaries of nursing council. The Council provides licenses to the nursing agencies and monitors nursing employers.


Initially, the health-care services in Pakistan were ill-developed and the rate of employment in health-care jobs in Pakistan was very low. Since 1951 Pakistani governments have concentrated on the development and improvement of health care services and one of the major steps is increasing the rate of funding to PNC Clinics. The Nursing Council (PNC) has also played a key role to provide world-class health care and nursing council services to the patients.

Pakistan had a nurse-to-population ratio of 1:32000 in 1960, improving to 1:5199 by 1997.[5] In January 2019, The president of Pakistan Dr Arif Alvi declared the year 2019 as the year of nursing in Pakistan. The president announced the establishment of a National Nursing University and ensured to deal with the obstacles in its establishment. Moreover, the president declared that the nursing diploma would be replaced by degree programme across Pakistan.[9]

Further reading[edit]

  • Wilkinson, Alice (1958). A brief history of nursing in India and Pakistan. Delhi: Trained Nurses’ Association of India. p. 115.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Nursing in Pakistan" search at Google Scholar. Accessed December 10, 2009.
  2. ^ "Press Information Department". Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2009-12-12.
  3. ^ Muhammad Waqas. "Nursing Colleges in Pakistan". Nursing Scholar. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Community Partnerships at the School of Nursing - Pakistan". McMaster University. Retrieved 2009-12-12.
  5. ^ a b "Health Care Systems in Transition III. Pakistan, Part I." (PDF). Journal of Public Health Medicine. Retrieved 2009-12-12.
  6. ^ "School of Nursing". Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences. Retrieved 2009-12-12.
  7. ^ "PAKISTAN NURSING COUNCIL". Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  8. ^ Pakistan nursing council
  9. ^ Nurses, PKN. "Government of Pakistan Declared 2019 the Year of Nursing". PKN - Pakistani Nurses. PKN. Retrieved 12 April 2019.

External links[edit]

Pakistan Nursing Council