Ecclesiastical Household

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The Ecclesiastical Household is a part of the Royal Household of the sovereign of the United Kingdom.[1] Reflecting the different constitutions of the churches of England and Scotland, there are separate households in each nation.

England[edit]

The Church of England Ecclesiastical Household comprises the College of Chaplains, and the associated Chapel Royal, the Royal Almonry Office, various Domestic Chaplains, and service Chaplains.

The College of Chaplains is under the Clerk of the Closet, an office dating from 1437. It is normally held by a diocesan bishop, who may however remain in office after leaving his see. The current clerk is James Newcome, Bishop of Carlisle. The Deputy Clerk of the Closet, a new office dating only from 1677, is Paul Wright, Domestic Chaplain to the Sovereign and Sub-dean of the Chapel Royal and the sole full-time clerical member of the household. The sub-dean is assisted by Richard Bolton and William Whitcombe, the Priests-in-Ordinary to the Sovereign.

The Clerk of the Closet is responsible for advising the Private Secretary to the Sovereign on the names for candidates to fill vacancies in the Roll of Chaplains to the Sovereign. He presents bishops for homage to the sovereign; examines any theological books to be presented to the sovereign; and preaches annually in the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. He receives a salary of £7 a year.

Some three or four chaplains are appointed annually, and one is kept vacant for the sovereign's own choosing.

List of Chaplains in the Household in England[edit]

The College of Chaplains consists of those appointed chaplain to the monarch. They are honorary chaplains who do not fulfill any formal duties. They preach once a year in the Chapel Royal.

During the reign of Queen Victoria, there were 36 Chaplains-in-Ordinary and a number of honorary chaplains. A new appointment as chaplain would traditionally be made among the honorary chaplains. Upon his accession in 1901, Edward VII reduced the number of chaplains-in-ordinary to 12 and removed the prerequisite that a chaplain need previously have been appointed an honorary chaplain.

Chaplains appointed as a bishop or to other senior church positions leave the household.

Chaplains in Ordinary[edit]

Queen Victoria
Edward VII

Honorary chaplains[edit]

Queen Victoria
King Edward VII
  • E. H. Goodwin, Chaplain to the Forces, first class 1 June 1901 - ? in recognition of his services while Principal Chaplain to the South African Field Force[30]
  • Thomas Blundell Hollinshead Blundell, M.A., Rector of Halsall, Ormskirk 26 July 1901 - 1905, (deceased)[31]
  • William Stuart Harris, M.A., Chaplain of the Fleet and Inspector of Naval Schools 26 June 1902 - ?[32]

Priests in Ordinary[edit]

Queen Elizabeth II
  • William Whitcombe
  • Richard Bolton
Queen Victoria
  • John Swire
King Edward VII
  • H. G. Daniell-Bainbridge, 23 July 1901 - ?[19]
  • H. D. Macnamara, 23 July 1901 - ?[19]
  • H. A. Sheringham, 23 July 1901 -?[19]
  • R. Tahourdin, 23 July 1901 - ?[19]

Honorary Priests in Ordinary[edit]

King Edward VII
  • H. Aldrich Cotton, 23 July 1901 - ?[19]
  • E. W. Kempe, 23 July 1901 - ?[19]
  • Edwin Price, 23 July 1901 - ?[19]
  • John Swire, 23 July 1901 - May 1902[19][33]

Scotland[edit]

Her Majesty's Household in Scotland (Ecclesiastical) consists of chaplains who are all ministers of the Church of Scotland.[34]

The current Dean of the Chapel Royal (since 2013) is Iain Torrance, who was also appointed Dean of the Thistle in 2014. Other members are the Dean of the Thistle, two Domestic Chaplains, the minister at Crathie Kirk and the minister at the Canongate Kirk in Edinburgh. There are ten "Chaplains in Ordinary". Upon retirement the chaplains become "Extra Chaplains".

List of Chaplains in the Household in Scotland[edit]

Chaplains-in-Ordinary to HM in Scotland[edit]

Queen Victoria
King Edward VII
King George V
  • Donald Macleod, 7 May 1910 - 1916[42]
  • Cameron Lees, 7 May 1910 - 1913[42]
  • James MacGregor, 7 May 1910 - 1910[42]
  • J. R. Mitford Mitchell, 7 May 1910 - 1925[42]
  • Wallace Williamson, 7 May 1910 - 1926[42]
  • Samuel James Ramsay Sibbald, 7 May 1910 - 1936[42]
  • Pearson McAdam Muir, Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland 16 December 1910 - 1924[43] (in place of MacGregor, deceased)
  • Robert H. Fisher, Minister of Morningside, Edinburgh 25 July 1913 - ?[40] (in place of Lees)
  • Alexander Miller Maclean, 27 October 1914 - 1925[44] (in place of J.R. Mitford Mitchell, deceased)
  • William Paterson Paterson, 10 March 1916 - 1936[39] (in place of Macleod)
  • John White, 8 August 1924 -[45] (in place of Muir, deceased)
  • Archibald Main, Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History, University of Glasgow 29 May 1925 - 1936[46] (in place of Alexander Miller Maclean, deceased)
  • Norman MacLean, Collegiate Minister of St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh 24 August 1926 - 1936[47] (in place of Wallace Williamson, deceased)
  • Alexander Martin, Principal of New College, Edinburgh. 8 November 1929 - 1936[48]
  • Robert J. Drummond, 8 November 1929 - 1936[48]
  • Donald Fraser, 8 November 1929 - 1933[48][49]
  • George Adam Smith, 3 October 1933 - 1936[49] (in place of Donald Fraser)
  • Charles Warr, Dean of the Chapel Royal and Dean of the Thistle, 8 November 1934 - 1936[50] (in place of Robert Howie Fisher; extra Chaplain in 1934[51])
  • John White[51]
King Edward VIII
  • Samuel James Ramsay Sibbald, 21 July 1936 - 1937[52]
  • William Paterson Paterson, 21 July 1936 - 1937[52]
  • John White, 21 July 1936 - 1937[52]
  • Archibald Main, 21 July 1936 - 1937[52]
  • Norman MacLean, 21 July 1936 - 1937[52]
  • Alexander Martin, 21 July 1936 - 1937[52]
  • Robert J. Drummond, 21 July 1936 - 1937[52]
  • George Adam Smith, 21 July 1936 - 1937[52]
  • Charles Warr, 21 July 1936 - 1937[52]
King George VI
  • Samuel James Ramsay Sibbald, 2 March 1937 - 1950[53]
  • William Paterson Paterson, 2 March 1937 -[53]
  • John White, 2 March 1937 -[53]
  • Archibald Main, 2 March 1937 - 1947[53]
  • Norman MacLean, 2 March 1937 -[53]
  • Alexander Martin, 2 March 1937 - 1946[53]
  • Robert J. Drummond, 2 March 1937 - 1951[53]
  • Sir George Adam Smith, 2 March 1937 - 1942[53]
  • Charles Laing Warr, 2 March 1937 - 1952[53]
  • James Macdougall Black, 5 May 1942 - 1949[54] (in place of Sir George Adam Smith, deceased)
  • James Hutchinson Cockburn, 24 November 1944 - 1952[55] (in place of John Stirton, deceased)
  • Andrew Nevile Davidson, 30 July 1946 - 1952[56] (in place of Alexander Martin, deceased)
  • John Baillie, 3 June 1947 - 1952[57] (in place of Archibald Main, deceased)
  • William White Anderson, 15 November 1949 - 1952[58] (in place of James Black, deceased)
  • John Henry Duncan, 31 October 1950 - 1951[59] (in place of Samuel Sibbald, deceased)
  • Thomas Bentley Stewart Thomson, 16 March 1951 - 1952[60] (in place of John Henry Duncan, deceased)
  • James Pitt Watson, 17 August 1951 - 1952[61] (in place of Robert J. Drummond, deceased
Queen Elizabeth II
  • Robert Leonard Small 12 September 1967 - 1975[67] (in place of Edgar Primrose Dickie, retired) thereafter Extra Chaplain
  • W R Sanderson
  • William Morris 15 April 1969 -[68] (in place of Nevile Davidson, retired)
  • G T H Reid
  • Harry William Macphail Cant
  • Kenneth Macvicar 1974 - [69]
  • John McIntyre 1975-1986 [70] (in place of Robert Leonard Small, retired)
  • Robin Barbour 1976- [71] (in place of Henry Whitley, retired)
  • Anderson Nicol, 24 May 1963 -[66] (extra chaplain)

Extra Chaplains-in-Ordinary to HM in Scotland[edit]

King Edward VII
  • Malcolm C. Taylor, 18 October 1901 - ?[38]
King George V

References[edit]

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