Charlestown, Rhode Island
Charlestown, Rhode Island
|• Town Council||Deborah A. Carney|
Cody W. Clarkin
Susan J. Cooper
Grace F. Klinger
Bonnita B. Van Slyke
|• Town Moderator||Charles W. Beck|
|• Total||59.3 sq mi (153.6 km2)|
|• Land||36.8 sq mi (95.4 km2)|
|• Water||22.5 sq mi (58.1 km2)|
|Elevation||59 ft (18 m)|
|• Density||217/sq mi (83.8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1220080|
Charlestown is named after King Charles II, and was incorporated in 1738. The area was formerly part of the town of Westerly. It was in turn divided and the part north of the Pawcatuck River became the town of Richmond in 1747.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 59.3 square miles (154 km2), of which, 36.8 square miles (95 km2) of it is land and 22.5 square miles (58 km2) of it (37.86%) is water.
The town is bordered by Westerly on the west; Richmond on the north; and Hopkinton on the northwest; and South Kingstown on the east. The village of Charlestown is in the southeast part of the town, Quonochontaug is in the southwest, and Carolina is on the northern border of the town.
In 2011, Charlestown became the first municipality in the United States to pass a ban on any size or type of electricity-generating wind turbines. The sweeping prohibition applies to large commercial as well as smaller residential turbines. This temporary measure was in order to draft a new ordinance providing for small turbines but prohibiting commercial turbines. Residential Wind Energy Facilities. [Amended 3-14-2011 by Ord. No. 338; 9-12-2011 by Ord. No. 341; 11-14-2011 by Ord. No. 344] Purpose. The purpose of this section is to provide for the construction and operation of wind energy facilities as accessory uses and structures for residential and agricultural uses, and to provide standards that address public health, safety and welfare in the placement, design, construction, monitoring, modification and removal of wind energy facilities and minimize negative impacts on scenic, natural and historic resources of the town.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,859 people, 3,178 households, and 2,278 families residing in the town. The population density was 213.3 inhabitants per square mile (82.4/km2). There were 4,797 housing units at an average density of 130.2 per square mile (50.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.26% White, 0.38% African American, 1.26% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population.
There were 3,178 households, out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 21.8% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $51,491, and the median income for a family was $56,866. Males had a median income of $40,616 versus $29,474 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,642. About 3.0% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
Students in Charlestown are part of the Chariho Regional School District.
The town government is directed by a 5-member town council that is headed by a council president. For the purpose of school administration, Charlestown is a member town of the Chariho Regional School District along with the neighboring towns of Richmond, Hopkinton, and Wood River Junction.
Charlestown is served by the Charlestown Police Department. The Chief of Police is Col. Michael J. Paliotta. CPD is staffed by 20 sworn police officers and five full-time civilian employees. The CPD full-time staff is supplemented with seven part-time sworn special police officers, fourteen non-sworn traffic constables and several additional part-time administrative personnel. CPD is accredited by the Rhode Island Police Accreditation Commission (RIPAC), receiving its initial accreditation in 2017.
Between the early 1900s and the mid-1970s, Charlestown had no organized full-time police department and relied solely on a part-time Chief of Police and a few appointed constables. The Town's first Chief of Police was Chief Robert P. Day circa 1912. Since Chief Day, ten others have held the position.
Ninigret Park, the former site of Naval Auxiliary Air Station Charlestown, is in Charlestown. It is now an extremely popular place for recreational sports games including a small beachfront, a bike track, sporting fields, and tennis courts. Along with these features, the park also contains the Frosty Drew Nature Center & Observatory. Ninigret Park is also used for the majority of large events occurring within the town of Charlestown including the Charlestown Seafood Festival, the Big Apple Circus and the Rhythm And Roots music festival.
Charlestown contains several beaches that are frequently described as "the best kept secret in Rhode Island." Miles of secluded, unspoiled, sandy beaches offer visitors a chance to enjoy many outdoor activities or just some relaxation under the sun. Some of these beaches include town operated areas such as "Blue Shutters Town Beach" and "Charlestown Town Beach" and other are state managed areas including "East Beach State Beach" and "Charlestown Breachway State Beach."
Burlingame State Park and Campground is entirely contained inside the town of Charlestown. The campground is 3,100 acres of rocky woodland that surrounds Watchaug Pond in Charlestown. Activities at the park include 755 campsites, fishing, swimming, picnicking, boating and hiking. The area north of Buckeye Brook Road, abutting the Pawcatuck River, is primarily a hunting area.
The Charlestown, RI Chamber of Commerce holds an annual seafood and lobster festival in the first week of August. Local businesses and vendors set up booths for various seafood based events. The Seafood Festival has been named one of the Top 100 Events in America by the American Tour Bus Association in 1988, 1996 and 2008.
National Historic Places in Charlestown
- Babcock House
- District Schoolhouse No. 2 (1838)
- Fort Ninigret
- Foster Cove Archeological Site
- Historic Village of the Narragansetts in Charlestown
- Indian Burial Ground
- Joseph Jeffrey House
- Shannock Historic District
- Sheffield House (1700)
- Joseph Stanton House (1739)
- “Town Council.” Charlestown, RI, Town of Charlestown, www.charlestownri.org/index.asp?SEC=F3182C5F-ADAC-49B2-8630-B497A794EB88.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Fisher, Dave (September 13, 2011). "Charlestown Strikes Up the Ban on Wind Turbines". ecoRI News. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- Snow, Edwin M. (1867). Report upon the Census of Rhode Island 1865. Providence, RI: Providence Press Company.
- "Town of Charlestown profile". Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation. Archived from the original on November 14, 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- "Tribal Governments by Area". National Congress of American Indians. Archived from the original on July 7, 2010. Retrieved June 26, 2010.
- "Charlestown Police Department Chief's Message". Charlestown Police Department. Archived from the original on May 15, 2013.
- "Frosty Drew Nature Center and Observatory". Frosty Drew Memorial Fund. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- "Charlestown". South County Tourism Council. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- "Burlingame State Park & Campground". Rhode Island Division of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- Russo, Anthony (August 3, 2012). "Annual seafood fest at Ninigret Park Aug.3-5". Narragansett Times. Archived from the original on February 1, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
- "Top 100 Events 1982-2013" (PDF). American Tour Bus Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 2, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.