China Railways HXD3B

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China Railways HXD3B
HXD3B0080 20120429.jpg
HXD3B-0080, Beijing, 2012
Type and origin
Power type Electric
Designer Bombardier Transportation, CNR Dalian Locomotives
Builder CNR Dalian Locomotives, Bombardier Transportation
Build date 2008–2011
Total produced 500
 • UIC Co'Co'[1]
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Wheel diameter new: 1,250 mm (49.2 in)[1]
worn: 1,150 mm (45.3 in)[1]
Minimum curve 300 m (984 ft)[1]
Wheelbase in bogie: 2x1,950 mm (76.8 in)[1]
Length 22,781 mm (74 ft 8.9 in)[1]
Width 2,950 mm (116.1 in)[1]
Height 4,250 mm (167.3 in)[1]
Axle load 25 t (27.6 short tons)[1]
Loco weight 150 t (165 short tons)[1]
Electric system(s) 25 kV 50 Hz AC Catenary[1]
Current source Pantograph
Traction motors Bombardier MITRAC DR 3800 N [2](1,632 kW (2,190 hp))
Loco brake regenerative, wheel disc
Performance figures
Maximum speed 120 km/h (75 mph)[1]
Power output 9,600 kW (12,870 hp)[1]
Tractive effort 570 kN (128,000 lbf)[1] starting
506 kN (114,000 lbf) continuous up to 68.2 km/h (42.4 mph)[1]
292 kN (65,600 lbf) @ 120 km/h (75 mph) [1]
Brakeforce regenerative: 480 kN (108,000 lbf) @ 72–5 km/h (44.7–3.1 mph) [1]
Operators China Railways
Class HXD3B
Numbers HXD3B0001-HXD3B0500
Locale People's Republic of China

HXD3B (Chinese: 和谐电3B型电力机车) is a class of electric locomotives for heavy freight service built by Bombardier Transportation and CNR Dalian Locomotives.


The Ministry of Railways of the People's Republic of China (MOR) ordered 500 locomotives in February 2007 for 1.1 billion (US$1.4 billion) from Dalian Locomotives and Bombardier Transportation, with Bombardier's share amounting to 370 million (US$480 million).[3] The first unit, HXD3B0001 was delivered on 29 December 2008 in Dalian, the entire order of 500 machines will be delivered by the end of 2011.[4]

Technical details[edit]

The HXD3B is based on the Bombardier-produced MTAB Iore twin-section locomotives,[4][5] but is a single-section locomotive with cabs at both ends.[5] The electronics were updated, with traction converters based on IGCT technology, and an updated version of the MITRAC control electronics developed by Bombardier's Switzerland branch.[4] With increased power and a maximum speed of 120 km/h (75 mph), the locomotives were designed for general freight rather than specialised heavy-haul service.[5]

The electronics and traction equipment of the first 150 units were supplied by Bombardier from Europe,[4] production for the rest is shared between Bombardier's Chinese subsidiary and Dalian.[3][5] The design of the mechanical components was subject to technology transfer from Bombardier to Dalian.[5]


Named locomotive[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "HXD3B型大功率交流传动电力机车" (in Chinese). CNR. Retrieved 12 May 2016. 
  2. ^ China - Heavy Haul - High Power Electric Locomotives (PDF), Bombardier 
  3. ^ a b "Bombardier Signs a Contract with Dalian for the Supply of 500 Freight Electric Locomotives to China". Bombardier. 12 February 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d "China: Erste Bombardier-Lokomotive ausgeliefert" (in German). Eurailpress. 7 January 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Powerful freight locos take shape at Dalian". Railway Gazette International. August 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2011.