List of locomotives in China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A list of current and retired locomotives in the People's Republic of China.

Steam locomotives[edit]

The first steam locomotive in China is thought to be a 2'6" gauge 0-4-0T engine used on the Shanghai-Wusong railway. Towards the end of the 19th century concessions obtained from the Qing dynasty enabled foreign powers (Germany, Russia, France and Great Britain) to build railways in China, and they introduced a variety of foreign-built machines. Later Japan gained control over Manchuria as a result of the Treaty of Portsmouth following the Russo-Japanese War and created the South Manchuria Railway from their acquisitions - resulting in Japanese as well as American locomotives being imported into the north-east of China.[1]

After the end of the Second World War China came back under indigenous rule. Locomotive were imported from both the United States and Russia as well as other Communist bloc countries.[1]

Production of steam locomotives continued into the late 20th century. However, steam motive power was supplanted by diesel and electric locomotives as early as the 1950s. The Chinese rail network has been increasingly electrified in the twentieth century.

Standard gauge[edit]

Model Wheel
arr.
Build year Builder Number built Original
operator
Original
class
Photo Notes
AM1 4-4-0 1907 ALCo 4 South Manchuria Ry SMR Amei class Mantetsu-Ame.jpg
AM2 4-4-0 1879 Baldwin >6 Peking−Mukden Ry PMR Class 40 PNR-46-cr-am2.jpg
AM3 4-4-0 1929 ALCo 26 Huning Railway Huning Ry Class 400 HuningRy-401.jpg
AM4 4-4-0 1908 North British
DB1 2-6-4T 1907 ALCo >65 South Manchuria Ry SMR Dabui class DB1-28 (Dampflokomotivmuseum Shenyang).jpg
DB2 2-6-4T 1934 Hitachi South Manchuria Ry SMR Dabuni class Mantetsu-dabuni472.jpg
DB3 2-6-4T 1906 Baldwin 4 Jingsui Ry Jingsui--db3.jpg
DB4 2-6-4ST 1892 Dübs and Company Peking−Mukden Ry PMR Class 20 BeiningRy-24.jpg
DB5 2-6-4T 1911 Kitson and Company
DK1 2-10-0 1919 ALCo (26x), Shahekou (36x) 62 South Manchuria Ry SMR Dekai class
DK2 2-10-0 1915 ALCo, Baldwin 60 Chinese Eastern Ry CER class Еф, Ес, Ел China Railways DK2 114.jpg 44 to CER; 16 supplied from USSR to China after 1949.
DK3 2-10-0 1937 Shahekou, Kisha Seizō 7 Longhai Ry Longhai Ry Class 600 LonghaiRy-605.jpg
DK4 2-10-0 1936 Kisha Seizō, Hitachi Tongpu Railway Tongpu Ry Class 350 TongpuRy-357.jpg Originally metre gauge, some converted to standard gauge in 1947.
DK5 2-10-0 1958 UCM Reșița 40 Căile Ferate Române CFR Class 150 Romanian 150 class loco.jpg
ET1 0-8-0 1919 ALCo South Manchuria Ry SMR Etoi class
ET2
(Henschel)
0-8-0 1912 Henschel Xiaoyong Ry Cr-et2.jpg
ET2
(Russian)
0-8-0 1901 Bryansk, Kharkov 33 Chinese Eastern Ry CER Class Од CER-O716.jpg 33 to CER; at least 13 converted to standard gauge between 1935 and 1945 by the MNR, 13 of these became China Railways ET2 after 1949.
ET3 0-8-0 Japan Jiaoji Ry Retired 1955.
ET4 0-8-0 1905 Henschel Jiaoji Ry JiaojiRy--et4.jpg Retired 1955.
ET5 0-8-0 1936 North British
ET6 0-8-0 1936~1938 North British Yuehan Ry Yuehan Ry Class 500
ET7 0-8-0T 1959 Fablok 90 China Railway CR Class ET7 Similar to the Polish TKP T2D Silesia locomotives, for industrial use, not used on the main network
FD 2-10-2 1930s Voroshilovgrad 1054
(to China)
Soviet Railways SZhD Class FD China Railways FD-1979 steam locomotive.JPG Converted to standard gauge (1958-) from Soviet FD class locomotives
FN1 0-6-2T 1900 Borsig >8 Jiaoji Ry Jiaoji Ry Class 10 JiaojiRy--fn.jpg Forney locomotive
FN2 0-6-2T 1897 Baldwin >7 Peking-Mukden Ry PMR Class 40 BeiningRy-47.jpg Forney locomotive
GJ 0-6-0T 1958−1961 Chengdu, Taiyuan 122 China Railways CR Class GJ Gongjian 1019.jpg Shunters and industrial locomotives.
HS 4-6-4T Nasmyth Wilson
JF1 2-8-2 1918−1960 ALCo, Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō, Nippon Sharyō, Hitachi, Shahekou, Dalian Machine, Sifang, Qiqihar, Taiyuan 2083 South Manchuria Ry,
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry,
North China Transport,
Central China Ry,
China Railways
SMR Mikai & Mikako class
MNR Mika & Mikana class
NCTC Mikai class
CCR Class KD100
CR Class JF1
满洲里 火车头广场的蒸汽机车 - panoramio.jpg
JF2 2-8-2 1924−1932 ALCo, Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō, Shahekou 41 South Manchuria Ry SMR Mikani class JF2-2525 (Dampflokomotivmuseum Shenyang).jpg
JF3 2-8-2 1927−1930 Škoda 19 Qike Ry,
Huhai Ry,
Sitao Ry
JF3-2558 (Dampflokomotivmuseum Shenyang).jpg
JF4 2-8-2 1935 Kawasaki (11x), Kisha Seizō (4x) 15 South Manchuria Ry SMR Mikashi class Mantetsu-mikashi1661.jpg
JF5 2-8-2 1923−1928 Kawasaki North China Transport NCTC Mikako class Nctc-mikako1572.jpg
JF6 2-8-2 1934−1959 Kawasaki, Hitachi, Shahekou, Kisha Seizō, Nippon Sharyō, Shenyang, Dalian Machine ~475 South Manchuria Ry,
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry,
North China Transport,
China Railways
SMR Mikasa & Mikaro class
MNR Mikaro class
NCTC Mikaro class
CR Class JF6
JF6-3329 (Dampflokomotivmuseum Shenyang).jpg
JF7 2-8-2 1913−1924 North British/Tangshan 24 Peking−Mukden Ry PMR Class 200 Peipingmukdenry-221.jpg
JF8 2-8-2 1935 Škoda >7 Huainan Ry Huainan Ry Class 300 Huainanry307.jpg
JF9 2-8-2 1943−1944 Kisha Seizō, Hitachi, Nippon Sharyō 38 Central China Ry CCR Mikasa class Mikado locomotive 미카 - Flickr - skinnylawyer.jpg
JF10 2-8-2 1935 ALCo, Baldwin, Lima 30 USATC USATC Class S200 Steam locomotive No.46224 Ankara Museum.JPG
JF11 2-8-2 1918–1937 ALCo, Baldwin 70 Jinpu Ry,
Zhegan Ry
Jinpu Ry Class MK JF11 3787 (20150709134208).JPG
JF12 2-8-2 1922 ALCo 46 Jingsui Ry Jingsui Ry Class 300
JF13 2-8-2 1939 Škoda North China Transport NCTC Mikaha class Jf13-3851.jpg
JF15 2-8-2 1928−1929 ALCo 6 Jihai Ry
JF16 2-8-2 1922 Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō 17 Jichang Jidun Ry,
Central China Ry
JJR Class 500
CCR Class D50
JGR-D50SteamLocomotive.jpg
JF17 2-8-2 1931 Hudswell Clarke, Shahekou >4 Jiaoji Ry Jiaoji Ry Class 600 Jiaojirly604.jpg
JF18 2-8-2 1914 ALCo >14 Manchukuo Nat'l Ry MNR Mikai class
JF21 2-8-2 1937 ALCo Yuehan Ry
JS 2-8-2 1957−1965,
1981−1988
Dalian, Qishuyan, Datong, 7.2 Works 1916 China Railways CR Class JS JS-5151 (Xi'ang).jpg
KD1 2-8-0 1907−1908 ALCo South Manchuria Ry,
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry
SMR Sorii class
MNR Sorina class
KD2 2-8-0 1925 Tubize 8  ? NCTC-Sorini-1503.jpg
KD2 2-8-0 1935−1936 SACM  ? Longhai Ry LonghaiRy--KD2.jpg
KD3 2-8-0 1910 Beyer Peacock 40 South Manchuria Ry SMR Sorisa class
KD4 2-8-0  ?
North British
18
3
Huning Ry
Shenhai Ry
Seer Green geograph-2521468-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg ROD 2-8-0, 18 bought by Huning Ry in 1919, 3 bought by Shenhai Ry in 1926.
KD5 2-8-0 1913−1941 Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō, JNR Ogura Works 251 North China Transport (150x)
Central China Ry (101x)
NCTC Soriko class
CCR Soriro class
Kaohsiung Taiwan Steam-Locomotice-DT-609-01.jpg Standard gauge version of JNR Class 9600.
KD6 2-8-0 1942–1946 ALCo, Baldwin, Lima 40
(to China)
USATC USATC Class S160 USATC-5740 locomotive.jpg Postwar aid to China from UNRRA.
KD7 2-8-0 1946–1947 ALCo, Baldwin, Lima 160
(to China)
KD7-641 SL by china.JPG Postwar aid from UNRRA, same as Belgian Type 29.
KD8 2-8-0 1943 22
(to China)
Kowloon−Canton Ry,
Yuehan Ry
Stanier 8F 2-8-0 No. 48479.jpg
KD9 2-8-0 1919−1941 ALCo (18x), Baldwin (10x), Kawasaki (4x) 32
KD10 2-8-0 1905−1913 ALCo, Baldwin, PRR Altoona Works 30
(to China)
Pennsylvania Railroad PRR Class H6sb Pennsylvania Railroad 2-8-0 locomotive, 2106 (Howden, Boys' Book of Locomotives, 1907).jpg Bought second-hand by South Manchuria Ry and Manchukuo National Ry in 1938.
KD11 2-8-0 1907 Baldwin 20 South Manchuria Ry SMR Sorini class
KD12 2-8-0 1920 Baldwin 16 Peking−Mukden Ry
KD13 2-8-0 France 10
KD14 2-8-0 1917 ALCo 17 Jinghan Ry
KD20 2-8-0
KD21 2-8-0 United States
KD22 2-8-0 1906−1907 ALCo
KD23 2-8-0 1906 ALCo 2 Boston & Maine RR Bought from the factory by Mantetsu.
KD24 2-8-0 1916 ALCo Retired 1955.
KD25 2-8-0
KF 4-8-4 1935−1936 Vulcan Foundry 24 Yuehan Ry KF7 steam locomotive at Qishuyan.jpg
LD1 4-4-4T 1936 Kawasaki 2 South Manchuria Ry SMR Dabusa class Mantetsu-dabusa500-side.png
MG1 2-6-0 1908–1909 North British/Tangshan 10 Jingsui Ry JingsuiRy--MG1.jpg
MG1 2-6-0 1909 Jinpu Ry
MG1 2-6-0 1910 12x Jinpu Ry
MG2 2-6-0 1897−1899 Baldwin 12 Peking−Mukden Ry PMR Class 60 BeiningRy-67.jpg
MG3 2-6-0 1900–1903 Dübs/North British/Tangshan 33 Peking−Mukden Ry PMR Class 90 BeiningRy-102.jpg Retired 1955.
MG3 2-6-0 1914−1916 North British/Tangshan 22 Peking−Mukden Ry Retired 1955.
MG4 2-6-0 1919–1920 North British/Tangshan 4 Peking−Mukden Ry PMR--MG4.jpg Retired 1975.
MG4 2-6-0 1923−1928 North British/Tangshan 7 Peking−Mukden Ry Retired 1975.
MG5 2-6-0 1902−1905 Fives-Lille 37 Jinghan Ry JinghanRy--MG5.jpg
MG6 2-6-0 1901 Fives-Lille >3 Jinghan Ry Jinghan Ry Class 100 JinghanRy-103.jpg
MG7 2-6-0 1910−1911 Hanomag (6x), Humboldt (14x) 20 Jinpu Ry Jinpu Ry Class 30 JinpuRy-31.jpg
MG8 2-6-0 1916−1919 Vulcan Iron Works 15 Longhai Ry
MG9 2-6-0 1901 Baldwin Jinghan Ry Jinghan Ry Class 90 Retired 1951.
MG10 2-6-0 United Kingdom Canton−Kowloon Ry CKR Class A
MG11 2-6-0
MG12 2-6-0
MG13 2-6-0 1900−1903 Rogers 6 Jinghan Ry
MG21 2-6-0 1927 Baldwin Xinning Ry XinningRailway01.JPG
MG26 2-6-0 1913−1918 ALCo 2 Daoqing Ry
MG33 2-6-0 1921 North British/Tangshan 1 Shenhai Ry Shenhai Ry 51
MG33 2-6-0 1927 Baldwin 4 Shenhai Ry Shenhai Ry 52−55 Retired 1955.
MG33 2-6-0 1911 North British/Tangshan 6 Jichang Ry Jichang Ry Class 100
ML1 0-6-6-0 1908 North British 4 Jingsui Ry Jingsui Ry Class 20
ML2 2-4-4-2 1911 Baldwin 4 Jingsui Ry Jingsui Ry Class 70 JingsuiRy-73.jpg
ML3 2-8-8-2 1914 ALCo 7 Jingsui Ry Jingsui Ry Class 90 JingsuiRy-93.jpg
ML4 2-8-8-2 1921 ALCo 7 Jingsui Ry Jingsui Ry Class 200 JingsuiRy-201.jpg
MT1 4-8-2 1936 Kawasaki, Hitachi 7 South Manchuria Ry SMR Matei class Mantetsu-matei1805 (matei6).png
MT2 4-8-2 Baldwin Yuehan Ry
PL1 2-6-2 1908 ALCo 35 South Manchuria Ry SMR Purei class
PL2 2-6-2 1935 Nippon Sharyō 20 South Manchuria Ry SMR Pureni class
PL3 2-6-2T 1928 18 South Manchuria Ry SMR Puresa class CR PL3-51.jpg Same as Sentetsu Purena class.
PL4 2-6-2 1919 Baldwin 1 Jinghan Ry
PL4 2-6-2 1913−1922 North British/Tangshan 3 Peking−Mukden Ry
PL5 2-6-2 (6x)
2-6-2T (10x)
1887–1914 Dübs/North British 16 Peking−Mukden Ry
PL5 2-6-2ST North British 2 Jingsui Ry
PL6 2-6-2T 1891−1896
1915–1925
North British
?
17
12
Purero1529.jpg
PL7 2-6-2 1921 Baldwin Jingsui Ry Retired 1955.
PL8 2-6-2 1911 Baldwin Jingsui Ry Retired 1955.
PL9 2-6-2 1920−1923 Société Franco-Belge 40 Jinghan Ry JinghanRy--PL9.jpg PL9-146 on display at the China Railway Museum is the only Belgian-made locomotive to survive in China.
PL9 2-6-2 1936 Škoda >2 Jinghan Ry Jinghan Ry Class 20 JinghanRy-22.jpg
PL9 2-6-2 1920−1922 Lima 10
PL10 2-6-2 1914 Tubize 5 Longhai Ry Longhai Ry Class 50 LonghaiRy-52.jpg
PL11 2-6-2 1909 Baldwin Jingsui Ry Retired 1955.
PL12 2-6-2T 1923−1927 North British/Tangshan Peking−Mukden Ry BeiningRy--PL12.jpg Retired 1955.
PL13 2-6-2 1914 Baldwin >4 Peking−Mukden Ry PMR Class 150 Retired 1955.
PL14 2-6-2T 1891–1896 North British Peking−Mukden Ry Retired 1955.
PL20 2-6-2T 1914 Hanomag >3 Jinpu Ry Jinpu Ry Class 200 JinpuRy-203.jpg
PL21 2-6-2 1940 Orenstein & Koppel CR-PL21-275.jpg At Harbin in 1950s.
QJ 2-10-2 1956−1988 Dalian, Tangshan, Shenyang, Mudanjiang, Changchun, Datong 4708 China Railways CR Class HP China Railways QJ 6200(2).JPG
RA 2+2+2 1909−1912 Lima 6 Jingsui Ry Jingsui Ry Class 25 MCRR Three Truck Shay Number-9 001.JPG 3-truck (Class C) Shay locomotive.
RM 4-6-2 1958−1966 Sifang 258 China Railways CR Class RM RM-1091 (Changchun).jpg
SL1 4-6-2 ALCo 20 Jingsui Ry
SL2 4-6-2 1916, 1921 Shahekou 6 South Manchuria Ry SMR Pashini class
SL3 4-6-2 1934−1940 Hitachi, Kisha Seizō 96 South Manchuria Ry
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry
North China Transport
SMR Pashisa class
MNR Pashishi class
NCTC Pashisa class
China Railways SL3 in China Railway Museum 02.JPG 88 to China Railways, 8 to Korean State Railway
SL4 4-6-2 1919
1921
Baldwin
Shahekou
6
23
South Manchuria Ry SMR Pashisa & Pashiha class
SMR Pashishi class
Mantetsu-Pashishi923.jpg
SL5 4-6-2 1927−1928 Shahekou 11 South Manchuria Ry SMR Pashiko class SL5-292 (Dampflokomotivmuseum Shenyang).jpg
SL6 4-6-2 1933−1958 Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō, Hitachi, Shahekou, Nippon Sharyō, Sifang 422 South Manchuria Ry
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry
North China Transport
Central China Ry
SMR Pashiro class
MNR Pashiku class
NCTC Pashiro class
CCR Class KC100
SL-629 (Shenyang).jpg
SL7 4-6-2 1934, 1936 Kawasaki, Shahekou 12 South Manchuria Ry SMR Pashina class CNR SL-751.jpg
SL8 4-6-2 1937−1940 Hitachi, Shahekou 17 South Manchuria Ry
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry
SMR/MNR Pashiha class Mantetsu-pashiha811 (pashiha1).png
SL9 4-6-2 1939
(regauged)
JNR Hamamatsu, Kisha Seizō 16
(to China)
Central China Ry CCR Class C51 Kachu Railway C51 116 steam locomotive.jpg Japanese class C51 converted to standard gauge in 1939.
SL10 4-6-2 1921−1925 Baldwin 10 Peking−Mukden Ry
SL11 4-6-2 1908 ALCo 7 South Manchuria Ry SMR Pashii class South Manchuria Railway LOC 03283.jpg
SL12 4-6-2 1942−1943 Kawasaki 10 Central China Ry CCR Pashishi class Same as Sentetsu Pashishi class
SL13 4-6-2 1937 Cockerill 18 Longhai Ry Longhai Ry Class 500 LonghaiRy-501.jpg
SL14 4-6-2 1933 North British 8 Jinpu Ry
SL15 4-6-2 1921 ALCo 12 Jinpu Ry
SL16 4-6-2 1930 North British 4 Jinghu Ry Jinghu Ry Class G50
SL17 4-6-2 1929 Shahekou 4 Sitao Ry
SL20 4-6-2 1921−1924 ALCo 10 Jiaoji Ry
ST1 2-10-2T 1929
1930
Škoda (6x)
Kawasaki (1x)
7 Chinese Eastern Ry CER Class Ь 4001−4007 Yer' KVZhD.jpg Converted to standard gauge around 1940.
ST2 2-10-2 1935 Krupp Jinpu Ry Dampflok 45.jpg Similar to DRG Class 45.
ST3 2-10-2 1937 Tubize 1 Longhai Ry LonghaiRy--ST3.jpg
SY 2-8-2 1960−1999 Tangshan 1820 China Railways CR Class SY SY1721 at Tangshan Works.jpg Last steam locomotives manufactured in the world.
TH1 4-6-0 1908
1912
ALCo 17
5
South Manchuria Ry SMR Tehoi class
SMR Tehoni class
Mantetsu-F1-612.jpg Image is of 1908 variant.
TH2 4-6-0 1910−1911
1901−1905
Vulcan Stettin 6
17
Jiaoji Ry Jiaoji Ry Class 70
Jiaoji Ry Class ?
NCTC-Tehoni1521.jpg
TH3 4-6-0 1910–1919 North British/Tangshan 10 Peking−Mukden Ry PMR Class 110 BeiningRy-117.jpg Rebuilt with superheaters in late 1930s; retired 1955.
TH4 4-6-0 1913 Schwartzkopff 5 Jiaoji Ry Jiaoji Ry Class 300 JiaojiRy-30x.jpg Retired 1955.
TH5 4-6-0 1910−1913 Henschel, Hanomag NCTC-Tehoko-1511.jpg Retired 1975.
TH6 4-6-0 1913 Tubize? 10 Jinghan Ry
TH7 4-6-0 1904−1907 France 32 Jinghan Ry Jinghan Ry Class 200 JinghanRy-205.jpg
TH7 4-6-0 1909 France 10 Longhai Ry
TH8 4-6-0 United States
TH9 4-6-0 1910 Hawthorne Leslie 12 Jinpu Ry
TH10 4-6-0 1906 ALCo 4 Chicago Southern RR
TH11 4-6-0 1902−1903 Bryansk (40x), Kharkov (45x) 85
(for CER)
Chinese Eastern Ry CER class Г, Гч CER-G665.jpg Some rebuilt with superheaters (Гч); 24 converted to standard gauge in late 1930s - these became CR TH11.
TH12 4-6-0
TH13 4-6-0 1931 Kitson and Company Kowloon−Canton Ry Retired 1955.
TH14 4-6-0
TH15 4-6-0
TH16 4-6-0
TH17 4-6-0
TH18 4-6-0
TW1 4-8-0
XH 0-8-0 1960−1961 Changchun, Mudanjiang 48 China Railways CR Class XH
XK1 0-8-0 1898 Baldwin
Kolomna
27
?
Chinese Eastern Ry CER Class Ьа
CER Class Ьк
CER-Ь11.jpg
XK2 0-6-0T 1942–1944 Davenport, H.K. Porter, Vulcan (USA) 20
(to China)
USATC USATC Class S100 SGB 4389 (USATC S100) in Goes.jpg Supplied to Zhegan Ry as aid.
XK3 0-6-0
XK4 0-6-0
XK5 0-6-0T 1901 Cockerill Jinghan Ry Jinghan Ry Class 60 Jinghan-61.jpg
XK6 0-6-0T ~1880 Belgium Same as Belgian Type 51.
XK7 0-6-0
XK8 0-6-0
XK9 0-6-0T France Zhengtai Ry Zhengtai Ry Class 10 Zhengtai-11.jpg
XK10 0-6-0
XK11 0-6-0
XK12 0-6-0
XK13 0-6-0T 1958−1960 Fablok XK13-3858 Fablok TKh49
XK14 0-6-0T Germany
YJ 2-6-2 1958−1961 Jinan (120x), Tangshan (80x) 200 China Railways CR Class YJ

Narrow gauge[edit]

Model Wheel
arr.
Build year Builder Number built Original
operator
Original
class
Photo Notes
C2 0-8-0 1952−1988 Shijiazhuang, Mudanjiang, Harbin, Dunhua China Railways CR Class C2 Инженерный центр РЖД (1).JPG Copy of Russian class Pt-4.
DK51 2-10-0 1936 Hitachi Tongpu Ry Tongpu Ry Class 350 TongpuRy-351.jpg 1000 mm. Some converted to standard gauge (DK4)
DK51 2-10-0 1937 Henschel Tongpu Ry Tongpu Ry Class 300 TongpuRy-324.jpg 1000 mm. Retired 1990.
FN51 0-6-2T 1906 Fives-Lille 30 Zhengtai Ry Zhengtai Ry Class 100 ZhengtaiRy-109--fn51.jpg 1067 mm. Forney locomotive.
JF51 2-8-2ST 1913−1926 France 28 Yunnan Ry
KD51 2-8-0 1937−1938
(regauged)
ALCo 26
(for China)
North China Transport NCTC SoriA class Japanese class 9050 converted to metre gauge.
KD52 2-8-0 1939 SLM Yunnan Ry Yunnan Ry Kunhe--kd52.jpg
KD55 2-8-0 1921 Kawasaki 54 Yunnan Ry KD55-579 in China Railway Museum 02.JPG 1000 mm version of class KD5.
MG51 2-6-0 1934−1935 Henschel >2 Tongpu Ry Tongpu Ry Class 110 TongpuRy-112.jpg 1000 mm.
MG52 2-6-0 1908 ALCo 1 Tongpu Ry Tongpu Ry Class 100 JGR-2850SL.jpg 1000 mm.
PL51 2-6-2T 1938−1939
(regauged)
Kawasaki North China Transport NCTC PureA class Old vietnamese steam locomotive.jpg Japanese class C12 converted to metre gauge; some sent to Vietnam in 1956.
PL52 2-6-2 1923, 1927 Kawasaki
RJ 0-4-0 1959−1965 Chengdu 70 China Railways CR Class RJ 762 mm.
SN 0-10-0 1924-1929 Baldwin 16 Gebishi Railway SN-23 in China Railway Museum 08.JPG 600 mm. Retired 1990.
TH55 4-6-0 France Yunnan Ry
XK51 (1) 0-6-0 Barclay Tongpu Ry Lck10.jpg
XK51 (2) 0-6-0 Vulcan Tongpu Ry Taiwan formosa vintage history travel trains taipics012.jpg
YC 2-8-2 1965−1970 Dalian 67 China Railways CR Class YC Developed for Vietnam Railways

Diesel locomotives[edit]

Diesel-hydraulic transmission[edit]

Diesel hydraulic locomotives type descriptions are prefixed either by the roman initials DFH (Diesel fuel, hydraulic) or NY (neiran yeli chuandong 内燃液力传动 also meaning diesel-hydraulic).[2] From the initials of the acronym DFH is derived from their phonetic sound the Chinese name "Dongfang Hong" meaning "Red East", matching the anthem of Communist China: "The East is Red" at the time of their introduction, as well as the well known observation of Chairman Mao Zedong that 'the east is red'. Usually DFH is used for internally produced locomotives and NY for imported or prototype machines.

Chinese made[edit]

Model Build year Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder Total production Photo
prototype NY1 "Weixing" 1959 140 1060 Sifang 4 China Railways Weixing.jpg
DFH1 1964–1973 120(140) 1220(1060) Sifang 102 China Railways DFH1 4290.jpg
prototype NY2 "Flying Dragon",
(Simplified Chinese:"飞龙")
1960 100 1470
(Diesel engine output)
Dalian 1
DFH2 1971 - 1975 62 650 Ziyang 50 China Railways Dongfanghong 2 0008 diesel loco.jpg
DFH3 1971–1989 120 1440 Sifang 268 China Railways Dongfanghong3 locomotive.jpg
DFH4 1969 160 3675 Sifang 1
1971–1974 140 3309 Qishuyan 2
1975–1981 ? 3309 Ziyang 3
DFH5 1976–1988 80 790 Ziyang
Sifang
480~ China Railways DFH5 001 20111007.jpg
DFH5B (3000系) 1973-1988 80 920 Ziyang ~20
DFH5C (4000系) 1973-1988 80 920 Ziyang 6
DFH6 1981 90 1470 Ziyang 1
DFH7 1988–1991 80 790 Ziyang 15
DFH21
(narrow gauge)
1977–1984 50 810 Sifang 104
Beijing 6001 1970 100 4412
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th 1
Beijing 1971–1990 120 2206 Beijing Feb. 7th 361 BJ 3003@CRM (20150709135944).JPG
Beijing
(coupling of double loco)
1986–1990 120 2×2206 Beijing Feb. 7th 2×6 Shi Du station dsc 4006.jpg

Imported[edit]

Model Build year Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder Total production Photo
NY5 1967 passenger: 160
freight: 120
2940 Henschel, West Germany 4 China Railways NY5 0003.jpg
NY6[3] 1972 108 3160 Henschel, West Germany 10 China Railways NY6 0007 20111007.jpg
NY7[3] 1972 113 3680 Henschel, West Germany 20 Chinese Diesel locomotive NY7 001.jpg

Diesel-electric transmission[edit]

Chinese made[edit]

The Dongfeng (DF) series of diesel electric transmission locomotives is the most important in Chinese rail transport. The Dongfeng4 (DF4) is by far the most common locomotive to be seen on Chinese rails.

Model
(Former name)
Build year Transmission Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder
(Family)
Total production Photo
JianShe
(Simplified Chinese:"建设")
1958 DC - DC 85 441
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th 1 China Railways Jianshe locomotive.jpg
XianXing
(Simplified Chinese:"先行")
1958–1959 DC - DC 125 1471 Qishuyan 47 China Railways locomotive Xianxing.jpg
JuLong
(Simplified Chinese:"巨龙")
1958 Dalian 1 China Railways Julong locomotive.jpg
DF
(Simplified Chinese:"东风")
1964–1974 DC - DC 100 1500 Dalian
Qishuyan
Chengdu
Datong
706 China Railways DF 1301.jpg
DF2
(ND2)
1964–1974 DC - DC 95 650 Qishuyan 148 China Railways DF2.jpg
DF3 1972–1974 DC - DC 120 1050 Dalian 226 DF3-0190 (Harbin).jpg
DF4 1969–1985 AC - DC 100(freight)
120(passenger)
1920 Dalian 843 DF40001 locomotives.jpg
DF4B 1985-present AC - DC 100(freight)
120(passenger)
1985 Dalian
Ziyang
Datong
Sifang
≥4500 DF4B 1743.JPG
DF4C 1985-1999 AC - DC 100 2165 Dalian
Ziyang
Datong
Sifang
838 DF4C 0003@BJI (20150527112352).JPG
DF4CK 1999 AC - DC 160 2165 Ziyang 2
DF4D(K)
(speedup version)
1996-1999 AC - DC 145 2425 Dalian 580 DF4D 0156 at Guangnan (20170316121933).jpg
DF4D(H)
(freight version)
1998-present AC - DC 100 2425 Dalian 206 China Railways DF4DH 4190.jpg
DF4D(Z)
(sub-highspeed version)
1999-2007 AC - DC 170 2425 Dalian 333 China Railways DF4D 3028 20090728.jpg
DF4D(7000 Series)
(Radial bogie freight type)
2000-2003 AC - DC 100 2425 Dalian
21 China Railways DF4D 7002 20160109.jpg
DF4DJ
(DF4DAC)
2000 AC - DC - AC 145 2510 Dalian
Siemens, Germany
2 DF4DJ0001 20111007.jpg
DF4DF 1999–2004 AC - DC 120 2425 Dalian 31 沿海公司:DF4DF型机车.jpg
DF4DD
(road switcher version)
1999–2004 AC - DC 80 3180 Dalian 230 Railway between Haikou Railway Station and South Port - 05.JPG
DF4E 1995–1997 AC - DC 100 4860
(2×2430)
Sifang 16
DF5 1976 - 2006 AC - DC 80 1213 Tangshan
Sifang
1014 DF5-1204于拉萨站外.JPG
DF5G 2001 — 2006 AC - DC 100 1213 Sifang 132 China Railways DF5 2025.jpg
DF5B 1976-2006 AC - DC 100 1500 Dalian 36
DF5BG 1976-2006 AC - DC 100 1500 Dalian ? China Railways DF5B(G) 0031 20161224.jpg
DF5C 1994–1998年
1998-2006
AC - DC 100 1320
2000
(Diesel engine output)
Sifang ?
DF5D 1999 - 2006 AC - DC 80 1200 Dalian 180 China Railways DF5D 0003.jpg
DF6 1989 AC - DC 118 2425 Dalian
GE, United States
4 China Railways DF60003.jpg
DF7 1982–1990 AC - DC 100 1470 Beijing Feb. 7th 295 DF7-0076 20111004.jpg
DF7B 1990 - ? AC - DC 100 1840 Beijing Feb. 7th 215 DF7 3067 20110901.jpg
DF7C 1991–2001 AC - DC 100 1840/1470 Beijing Feb. 7th 289 DF7C Orange.jpg
DF7D 1995–1998 AC - DC 100 1500
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th 214 DF7Dgreen.jpg
DF7E 1998 AC - DC 100 2000
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th 2 东风7E0002.jpg
DF7F 2000 AC - DC 100 2650
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th ?
DF7G 2003-present AC - DC 100 2200
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th
Sifang
Qishuyan
347 DF7G-5011 20120401.jpg
DF7J 2004 AC - DC - AC 100 2200
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th 1 DF7J 0001 20111007.jpg
DF8 1984–1990 AC - DC 100 3310 Qishuyan 141 China Railways DF8 0019.jpg
DF8B 1997-present AC - DC 100 3100 Qishuyan
Ziyang
1013 DF8B at Fengtai Depot.jpg
DF8BJ "West Light"
(Simplified Chinese:"西部之光")
2002 AC - DC - AC 120 4000 Ziyang 1
DF8CJ "Sunlight"
(Simplified Chinese:"霞光")
2002 AC - DC - AC 120 3650 Qishuyan 3 东风8CJ0003.jpeg
DF8DJ
(DF8B 5672)
2003 AC - DC - AC 120 3350 Ziyang 1
DF9 1991 AC - DC 170 3040 Qishuyan 2 China Railways DF9 20070217.jpg
DF10 ? AC - DC 100 2×1600 Dalian 1
DF10C 1995 AC - DC 160 2×2130
(Diesel engine output)
Dalian 1
DF10D ? AC - DC 120 2×1600 Dalian 1
DF10DD 2003-present AC - DC 100 2200
(Diesel engine output)
Dalian 262 东风10DD.jpg
DF10F 1996–1998 AC - DC 160 2×2200
(Diesel engine output)
Dalian 6 DF10F 2002 20111029.jpg
DF11 1992–2005 AC - DC 170 3040 Qishuyan 460 DF11-0010 20111017.jpg
DF11G 2003-present AC - DC 170 6080
(2×3040)
Qishuyan 79 DF11G.jpg
DF11Z 2002 AC - DC 160 6080
(2×3040)
Qishuyan 4 China Railways DF11Z 0001B.jpg
DF12 1997–2001 AC - DC 100 1990 Ziyang ? China Railways DF12.jpg
DF21
(narrow gauge)
? AC - DC 60 1500
(Diesel engine output)
Sifang 11
NJ1 1999 AC - DC - AC 80 1320
(Diesel engine output)
Sifang 3
HXN3
"Harmony"
2008-present AC - DC - AC 120 4700 EMD, United States
Dalian
332 HXN3 0243.JPG
HXN3B
"Harmony"
2012-present AC - DC - AC 100 3500 EMD, United States
Dalian
≥160
HXN3K
"Harmony"
2016-present AC - DC - AC 160 Dalian HXN3K 0001@BCR (20160905095056).jpg
HXN5
"Harmony"
2008-present AC - DC - AC 120 4660 GE, United States
Qishuyan
700 HXN50096担当的原油列车停靠牙克石站.JPG
HXN5B
"Harmony"
2012-present AC - DC - AC 100 3530 Qishuyan ≥160 China Railways HXN5B 0150 20160605.jpg
HXN5K
"Harmony"
2016-present AC - DC - AC 160 Qishuyan HXN5K 0001@BCR (20170927152906).jpg
Sources[4][5]

Imported[edit]

Model Build year Transmission Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder
(Family)
Total production Photo
ND1 1958;1965 DC - DC 80 440 Hungary Ganz
(Hungarian State Railways Class M44)
26 China Railways ND1.jpg
ND2 1972–1987 DC - DC 120 1280 Electroputere, Romania Craiova
(CFR 060DA)
284 China ND2.jpg
ND3 1985 DC - DC 100 1540 Electroputere, Romania Craiova 88 China Railways ND3 0001.jpg
ND4 1973–1975 AC - DC 100 2150 Alstom, France 50 ND4-48 (Datong).jpg
ND5 1984-1986 AC - DC 118 2550 GE, United States
(GE C36-7)
422 ND5-0179+0041.jpg
NJ2 2005–2006 AC - DC - AC 120 3800 GE, United States 78 Qinghai-Tibet railway.jpg

Electric locomotives[edit]

AC-DC transmission[edit]

Shaoshan (SS) (Chinese: 韶山) series[edit]

Model Build year Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder Total production Photo
SS1
(6Y1)
1958–1988 90 3780 Zhuzhou 826 SS1202 20111117.jpg
SS2 1969 100 4620 Zhuzhou 1
SS3 1978–1993 100 4320 Zhuzhou
Ziyang
Datong
677 SS3 0637 20111117.jpg
SS3(4000) 1992–2006 100 4320 Zhuzhou
Ziyang
Datong
Taiyuan
733 China Railways SS3 6024 20111102.jpg
SS3B
(coupling of double loco)
2002–2009 100 2×4320 Zhuzhou
Ziyang
Datong
333 SS3B 6018 20111117.jpg
SS3C 2008 100 2×4800 Taiyuan 1
SS4 1985–2003 100 2×3200 Zhuzhou 158 SS4 0110.jpg
SS4G 1993–2007 100 2×3200 Zhuzhou
Ziyang
Dalian
Datong
1347 SS4 7185 20111102.jpg
SS4B 1995–2006 100 2×3200 Zhuzhou 130 SS4B 0144.jpg
SS4C 1997 100 2×3200 Zhuzhou 2 SS4C0001,0002机车.jpg
SS5 1991 140 3200 Zhuzhou 2 SS5 0001 20111007.jpg
SS6 1990–1992 100 4800 Zhuzhou 53 SS6 0002@CRM (20150709135739).JPG
SS6B 1992—? 100 4800 Zhuzhou 148 China Railway SS6B.jpg
SS7 1992–2007 100 4800 Datong 113 China Railways SS7 0012 20150606.jpg
SS7B 1997 100 4800 Datong 2
SS7C 1998–2006 120 4800 Datong 171 SS7C0142.jpg
SS7D 1999–2002 170 4800 Datong 59 China Railways SS7D 0011.jpg
SS7E 2001–2006 170 4800 Datong
Dalian
146 SS7E 0079 Beijing West Railway Station 20111029.jpg
SS8 1994–2001 170 3600 Zhuzhou 245 SS8-0077 20100614.jpg
SS9 1998–2002 170 4800 Zhuzhou 43 SS9 0027@BJI (20150527104719).JPG
SS9G 2002–2006 170 4800 Zhuzhou 171 SS9G 0147 20111029.jpg

Imported[edit]

Model Build year Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder
(Family)
Total production Photo
6Y2 1958–1961 101 4740 Alstom, France
SNCF Class CC 7100
25 China Railways 6Y2.jpg
6G1 1971 120 5100 Romania
CFR Class 40
2
6G 1973 112 5400 Alstom, France 40
6K 1986–1987 100 5100 Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Japan
JNR Class EF66JNR Class ED75
85 6K-052 Srbd.jpg
8G 1987–1990 100 2×3200 Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant, USSR
ВЛ80
100 China Railways 8G-060 Locomotive.jpg
8K 1987 100 2×3200 50 Hz-Group: Alsthom, Siemens, BBC and others 150 8K 062 20111102.jpg

AC-DC-AC transmission[edit]

Both post 2000 introductions of asynchronous AC motor driven locomotives and high speed trains based on technology transfer arrangements with other countries have been given the common name "Harmony" series. Ministry of Railways deputy chief engineer Zhang Shuguang explained that the name was to represent energy efficiency and good environmental credentials as well as indicating smooth running of complicated systems.[6] Vehicles of the 'Harmony' series have an "H" in their type descriptions.

Model Build year Top speed
(In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder
(Family)
Total production Photo
AC4000 1996 120 4000 Zhuzhou 1 AC4000.jpg
DJ "Jiufang"
(Simplified Chinese:"九方")
2000 200 4800 Zhuzhou 2
DJ1 2000–2001 120 6400 Siemens
Zhuzhou
20 DJ1-0003.jpg
DJ2 "Olympic Stars"
(Simplified Chinese:"奥星")
2001 200 4800 Zhuzhou 3 [7]
Tiansuo or "Sky Shuttle"
(Simplified Chinese:"天梭")
2003 200 4800 Datong 1 [8]
HXD1
(DJ4)
2006–2010 120 9600 (2×4800) Siemens
Zhuzhou
220 HXD10151 20180210.jpg
HXD1.1[9] 2006–2012 120 9600 (2×4800) Zhuzhou 220 HXD1 1260@SDE (20151229125915).jpg
HXD1.6[9] 2006-2012 120 9600 (2×4800) Ziyang ≥80 [10]
HXD1.7[11] 2006–2012 120 9600 (2×4800) / 14400 (3×4800) Bombardier
Zhuzhou
8/2 HXD1型7004号神八电力机车.jpg[12]
HXD1.7[11] 2006–2012 120 9600 (2x4800) Bombardier
Zhuzhou
190 深度国产化的HXD1型7056号机车.jpg
HXD1B 2009–2011 120 9600 Siemens, Germany
Zhuzhou
650 China Railways HXD1B 0404.jpg
HXD1C 2009-present 120 7200 Siemens, Germany
Zhuzhou
Ziyang
1207 HXD1C.jpg
HXD1D 2012-present 160 7200 Zhuzhou 511 HXD1D 0503@BJX (20160414163754).jpg
HXD1F 2014 100 9600 (2×4800) Zhuzhou 2 [13]
HXD1G 2015-present 210 11200 Zhuzhou 2 HXD1G 0002@BCR (20160106153224).jpg
HXD2
(DJ4-6000)
2006–2008 120 10000 (2×5000) Alstom, France
Datong
180 HXD2-0001.jpg
HXD2.1[14] 2012-present 120 10000 (2×5000) Bombardier
Datong
≥280 HXD2-1076.jpg
HXD2.6[14] 2014-present 120 10000 (2×5000) Dalian 40 [15]
HXD2.7[14] 2012-present 120 10000 (2×5000) Bombardier
Datong
50 [16]
HXD2B 2009–2011 120 9600 Alstom
Datong
500 HXD2B-0416.jpg[17]
HXD2C 2010–2011 120 7200 Datong ≥220[18][19][20] HXD2C0218.JPG
HXD2D 2013-present 160 7200 Datong 1 [21]
HXD2F 2014 100 9600 (2×4800) Datong 2 [22]
HXD2G 2015-present 200 12800 (2×6400) Datong 1
HXD3
(SSJ3, DJ3, SL1)
2003–2010 120 7200 Toshiba
Dalian
Datong
Beijing Feb. 7th
1080 China Railways HXD3 0472.jpg
HXD3A 2014 120 9600 (2×4800) Bombardier
Dalian
2 [23]
HXD3B 2009–2011 120 9600 Bombardier
Dalian
500

HXD3B0080 20120429.jpg

HXD3C 2010-present 120 7200 Bombardier
Dalian
1300 HXD3C0059 20111017.jpg
HXD3D 2012-present 160 7200 Dalian 521[24] HXD3D 0497@BJX (20160205172645).jpg
HXD3G 2015-present 210 12800 (2×6400) Dalian 1 HXD3G 0001@BCR (20170328162856).jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Duncan Cotterill. "Railography : A Brief History of Standard Gauge Steam in China". www.railography.co.uk. 
  2. ^ Chinese diesel locomotives Archived 2009-10-03 at the Wayback Machine., sections "prefixes" , http://www.railwaysofchina.com
  3. ^ a b "CLASSES NY6 AND NY7 HENSCHEL DIESEL-HYDRAULICS OF 4,600 AND 5,600 HP FOR FREIGHT SERVICES IN PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA - TRB Publications Index". pubsindex.trb.org. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  4. ^ Robin J Gibbons. "Chinese diesel locomotives". www.railwaysofchina.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. 
  5. ^ 东风、东风2、东风3型内燃机车 [DF, DF2, and DF3 diesel locomotives]. www.kepu.net.cn (in Chinese). 铁道馆_中国科普博览, 中国科学院计算机网络信息中心. 
  6. ^ 第六次大提速货车技术提升 速度可达120多公里 , 2007 , http://www.china.com.cn
  7. ^ "Image: 20080606021606312.jpg, (600 × 331 px)". csrgc.com.cn. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  8. ^ "Image: 9982_tiansuo.gif, (551 × 339 px)". dtloco.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  9. ^ a b zh:和谐1型电力机车
  10. ^ "Image: 20130111_97a35de2e32db1c76de2p1lBovkSAwE7.jpg, (405 × 605 px)". n2.hk. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  11. ^ a b 神华新型八轴大功率交流电力机车上线试运行. 国务院国资委. 2013-01-17 [2013-01-15].
  12. ^ "Image: 5148da4ejw1dzrwd6epf2j.jpg, (707 × 287 px)". ww2.sinaimg.cn. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  13. ^ "Image: a3913417jw1eixy3edo6rj20nq0hstbj.jpg, (440 × 329 px)". ww4.sinaimg.cn. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  14. ^ a b c zh:和谐2型电力机车
  15. ^ "Image: 161816dznbg519j1jjugju.jpg.thumb.jpg, (338 × 600 px)". file-rail-bbs.railcn.net. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  16. ^ "Image: 635322054385165000.jpg, (1000 × 747 px)". chinacnr.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  17. ^ "Image: 20118181313656542109_9.jpg, (3636 × 2028 px)". dt.chinacnr.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  18. ^ zh:HXD2C型电力机车
  19. ^ 大同7200千瓦电力机车项目. 江苏常牵庞巴迪牵引系统有限公司. [2012-09-15].
  20. ^ 中国北车大连所公司HXD2C电力机车NECT牵引及网络控制系统通过技术评审. 中国北车大连所公司.2011-03-23 [2012-09-15].
  21. ^ "Image: 1516199twfxkwwoukwy15z.jpg, (1024 × 684 px)". file-fans-bbs.railcn.net. 2013-09-14. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  22. ^ "Image: 635533848823218750.jpg, (554 × 369 px)". en.chinacnr.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  23. ^ "Image: 1732025nn5pyc10d5v5vi0.jpg, (861 × 646 px)". file-fans-bbs.railcn.net. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  24. ^ zh:和谐3D型电力机车

External links[edit]