List of locomotives in China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A list of current and defunct locomotives in the People's Republic of China.

Steam locomotives[edit]

The first steam locomotive in China is thought to be a 2'6" gauge 0-4-0T engine used on the Shanghai-Wusong railway. Towards the end of the 19th century concessions obtained from the Qing dynasty enabled foreign powers (Germany, Russia, France and Great Britain) to build railways in China, and they introduced a variety of foreign-built machines. Later Japan gained control over Manchuria as a result of the Treaty of Portsmouth following the Russo-Japanese War and created the South Manchuria Railway from their acquisitions - resulting in Japanese as well as American locomotives being imported into the north-east of China.[1]

After the end of the Second World War China came back under indigenous rule. Locomotive were imported from both the United States and Russia as well as other Communist bloc countries.[1]

Production of steam locomotives continued into the late 20th century. However, steam motive power was supplanted by diesel and electric locomotives as early as the 1950s. The Chinese rail network has been increasingly electrified in the twentieth century.

Model Wheel arrangement Build year Builder Number built Notes Photo
AM 4-4-0 1890s Dübs and Company
DB4 2-6-4ST 1892 Dübs and Company
DB5 2-6-4T 1911 Kitson and Company
ET6 0-8-0 1936~1938 North British Locomotive Company
HS 4-6-4T Nasmyth Wilson
JF7 2-8-2 1931 North British Locomotive Company
KD3 2-8-0 1910 Beyer Peacock
KD4 2-8-0 1911-1919 Imported ROD 2-8-0
KF 4-8-4 Vulcan Foundry (UK) KF7 steam locomotive at Qishuyan.jpg
MG 2-6-0 North British Locomotive Company
MG1 2-6-0 1903-1916 North British Locomotive Company
MG3 2-6-0 1900-1903 Dübs and Company North British Locomotive Company
MG4 2-6-0 1919-1928 North British Locomotive Company
ML1 0-6-6-0 1908 North British Locomotive Company
PL 2-6-2ST/2-6-2T 1887-1910 Dübs and Company North British Locomotive Company
PL5 2-6-2ST 1887-1925 Dübs and Company North British Locomotive Company
PL6 2-6-2T 1915-1925 North British Locomotive Company
PL12 2-6-2T 1930 North British Locomotive Company
PL14 2-6-2T 1891-1896 Dübs and Company North British Locomotive Company
PL20 2-6-2ST 1923-1927 North British Locomotive Company
SL14 4-6-2 1903 North British Locomotive Company
SL16 4-6-2 1930 North British Locomotive Company
TH3 4-6-0 1903-1930 North British Locomotive Company
TH9 4-6-0 1910 Hawthorne Leslie
TH13 4-6-0 1931 Kitson and Company
Sources:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Duncan Cotterill. "Railography : A Brief History of Standard Gauge Steam in China". www.railography.co.uk. 
  2. ^ Duncan Cotterill. "Railography : Chinese Steam Locomotive Profiles". www.railography.co.uk. 

External links[edit]