Carlos received a Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service at the University of the Philippines, where she also earned master's and doctorate degrees in Political Science. She pursued her post-doctoral work in Political psychology and Comparative Foreign Policy Analysis at Cornell University and University of California at Los Angeles respectively.
Carlos worked as a consultant in the Senate of the Philippines from 1988 to 1998.
At the University of the Philippines, Diliman, Carlos was Maximo Kalaw Professor of Peace and Environment from 1994 to 1995, and Elpidio Quirino Professor of International Relations from 1995 to 1996.
She has been a consultant of the Local Government Development Foundation since 1993, and is President of the Center for Asia Pacific Studies. She is a Full Professor of Political Science at the University of the Philippines.
Carlos's areas of expertise range from Philippine politics and government, political dynamics, comparative politics, international relations, political theory and methodology. She has written numerous books and articles about Philippine electoral and political party systems. Her commentary as a political analyst has been featured in the news media. Her political commentary is also quoted in the news.
Carlos is a recognized pioneer in Political Psychology in the country.
- "When free speech hinders free speech". Manila Times. 25 January 2021. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
- WJG (June 17, 2019). "Latest Transport roadmap in the making". Daily Tribune. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- Beech, Hannah; Gutierrez, Jason (November 19, 2018). "Xi Visits Philippines to Celebrate 'Rainbow After the Rain' With Duterte". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- "Stop apologizing for Duterte, analyst says". ABS-CBN News. September 6, 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- "Concrete results of drug war crucial for Duterte—analyst". ABS-CBN News. September 24, 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- Rodriguez, Jon Carlos (September 20, 2012). "China backdoor talks cause for concern: analyst". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- "Biden claims win as Trump fumes". The Manila Times. Agence France-Presse. November 7, 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- Antonio, Josiah (January 20, 2021). "Former UP president who signed pact with DND 'appalled' by abrogation". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- "The Philippines extends martial law". CNBC. July 23, 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- Conde, Carlos H. (July 18, 2005). "News analysis: Political maturity remains elusive in Philippines". The New York Times.