|Other names||Longhorn, Colby Cheddar|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Region, town||Colby, Wisconsin|
|Source of milk||Cows|
|Related media on Wikimedia Commons|
In 1885, Joseph F. Steinwand developed a new type of cheese at his father's cheese factory near Colby, Wisconsin. The cheese was named after the village, which had been founded three years earlier. Colby-style cheese is now widely available, and some of it is still produced in Colby.
A festival commemorating the cheese is held every year in mid-July, where all local food booths offer free Colby cheese.
On August 12, 2015, the original cheese factory was torn down leaving only the foundations of the building, which can still be seen today on the corner of Colby Factory Road and Highline Avenue just outside Colby.
Colby cheese is similar to cheddar cheese but does not undergo the cheddaring process. Considered a semi-hard cheese, Colby is softer, moister, and milder than cheddar because it is produced through a washed-curd process: the whey is replaced with water during the cooking time, reducing the curd's acidity and resulting in Colby's characteristically mild flavor. As with most other cheeses, it takes more than one U.S. gallon of milk to produce a single pound of cheese (over eight litres of milk per kilogram of cheese).
Longhorn is a style of American Colby cheeses. "Longhorn" refers to the long orange cylindrical shape of the cheese. Colby is available in its original shape and in rectangles and half rounds. Colby is not aged and dries out quickly.
- "Dairy Good: Home". Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- History: The Home of Colby Cheese Archived 2007-03-22 at the Wayback Machine
- "Tillamook creamery in Oregon makes Colby and Colby-Jack cheese".
- Frank Kosikowski; Vikram V Mistry. Cheese and Fermented Milk Foods. 3rd ed, Westport, Conn.: Author, 1997.
- Colby cheese at Wisconsin FFA
- Colby cheese at truestarhealth.com Archived 2007-01-01 at the Wayback Machine
- Ehler, James T. "Longhorn Cheese : Food Facts & Trivia". Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- Wisconsin Cheese: Colby-Monterey Jack Archived 2018-05-26 at the Wayback Machine. Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board.
- "Twelfth Annual Nohl Fellowship Exhibition Opens at INOVA, October 9". Retrieved 2 February 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Colby cheese.|