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Kombai dog.jpg
Other namesIndian Terrier
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

The Combai is a terrier-like dog breed found in and around the Tamil Nadu state as well as bordering areas of the state of Kerala India. It is considered an extremely loyal, intelligent and powerful native breed.[1]



The Combai is usually tan or red brown mostly found with a black mask at muzzle, pendant, pricked ears and fairly square-bodied dog where its height and length are almost equal. Rear leg angulation is closely related to that of the terrier and are highly energetic and loyal breed. Height for Combai is around 23-25"for males although females are two inches shorter, weight is around 30 kilograms for males and females are nearly five kilograms lighter. Their coats are easily maintainable, and are less prone to skin disorders, fungal and yeast infections, and parasite infestations. The breed, having evolved naturally many centuries ago, is more immune to most diseases compared to the human-designed breeds.[2]


As a guard dog, the Combai is very effective, alert and adaptable to the conditions. It is fairly aggressive towards strangers, and is aloof to them. The Combai were used as home and livestock guardians as it has high pain tolerance. Nowadays, they are mostly used as guard dogs in farm houses. Years ago they were used to guard people's cattle from tigers and leopards.

A Combai is an intelligent and sensible dog breed, always ready to please its master and other family members. It is athletic, intelligent and alert, radiating calm dog energy (CDE) much like the Rottweiler. Contrary to the popular belief of its ferocious temper, the Combai is very alert, a good family dog, loves to play with children and enjoys human companionship. It clearly senses who is welcome and who is not. As an intelligent dog, the Combai strives to please its master and generally responds to the mood and command of its master from its infancy.

Combai may seen lazy and sleepy but in seconds they become alert. In demanding circumstances, they can fight intruders (whether humans or animals) until death.[citation needed]


The Combai is an ancient breed of dog, used in hunting. The Combai was used for hunting boar, bison and deer. Once available in large numbers throughout Southern India, the Combai is now restricted to certain parts of Tamil Nadu.[citation needed]

The Combai’s existence can be traced back to the 15th century and historically, they are known to have been breed to hunt wild boar, deer and bison. Some breed enthusiasts and natives of South India believe that the breed existed even as far back as the 9th century.[citation needed]

Combai continue to be popular in South India and are celebrated as not just strong hunters but loyal family pets. Many Combai lovers and kennels have come together to re-populate Combai.[3]


  • It is commonly confused with the Rajapalayam hound, and so is often referred to, or known as, a Rajapalayam (Combai dogs are entirely different from the Rajapalayam by origin, and its fighting behaviour resemble the lion's - hit with legs first in neck).
  • It tends to be only really recognised in India.


  1. ^ Kolappan, B. (September 8, 2014). "Bid to popularise ferocious Kombai" – via
  2. ^ "Combai – Incredibly Fierce and Savage". Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "Kanni and Kombai dog breeds to be reared at dog breeding unit at Saidapet | Chennai News - Times of India". The Times of India.

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