Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia

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The Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia (CEPEA) is a Japanese led proposal for trade co-operation, free trade agreement, among the 16 present member countries of the East Asia Summit. All those movements and efforts were taken over by the following Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership.[1]

Countries involved[edit]

The 16 countries are:

Background[edit]

The concept has been in discussion stages since 2006 but gained momentum in 2008 and 2009 when India and ASEAN; and Australia, New Zealand and ASEAN respectively concluded free trade agreements.[2]

The CEPEA proposal was advanced by Japan in conjunction with the establishment of the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA). The two mechanisms are designed to be mutually supporting liberalisation and co-operation.[3]

The details of the concept and its relationship with other proposals for the region, such as the East Asian Community, remain unclear. An alternative proposal based on the 13 members of the ASEAN Plus Three is called the East Asia Free Trade Agreement (EAFTA).[4]

The Third East Asia Summit agreed that a final report on the CEPEA proposal was to be received at the Fourth East Asia Summit[5] which was held in October 2009.

The Chairman's Report for the Fourth East Asia Summit (25 October 2009)[6] stated:

19.We noted the final Phase II Report of the Track Two Study Group on Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia (CEPEA) and welcomed the decision of our Economic Ministers who met in Bangkok on 15 August 2009 to task the Senior Economic Officials to discuss and consider the recommendations in the Phase I and II reports. CEPEA and East Asia Free Trade Area (EAFTA) could be examined and considered in parallel.

The report for the ASEAN Plus Three meeting, held the day before with 13 of 16 of the same members, also stated:[7]

13.We noted the final report of the Phase II feasibility study of the East Asia Free Trade Area (EAFTA) and welcomed the decision of 12th AEM Plus Three Consultations in Bangkok on 15 August 2009 to task the Senior Economic Officials to discuss and consider the recommendations in the Phase I and II reports. EAFTA and Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia (CEPEA) could be examined and considered in parallel.

The Chairman's Statement of the 16th ASEAN Summit (9 April 2010)[8] stated:

30. We noted the initiatives being undertaken to take forward broader regional integration by considering the recommendations of both East Asia Free Trade Agreement (EAFTA) and the Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia (CEPEA) studies together. We looked forward to receiving the progress report at the 17th ASEAN Summit in October 2010 and to discussing with our Dialogue Partners the future direction of regional architecture with ASEAN at its core.

By August 2010 working groups involving the 16 nations to study Economic Cooperation, Rules of Origin, Customs Procedures and Tariff Nomenclature had been formed.[9]

East Asia Free Trade Agreement[edit]

13 of the 16 nations (excluding India, Australia and New Zealand) are also simultaneously negotiating an East Asia Free Trade Area.[10]

The two processes are not alternatives and both are being pursued simultaneously[11]

Current arrangements[edit]

The 16 members are presently involved in a series of separate arrangements among the members of the grouping. The 10 members ASEAN have established the ASEAN Free Trade Area. Australia and New Zealand have the long established Closer Economic Relations.

Between the 16 members bilateral and multilateral arrangements are in place or under negotiation.

ASEAN has the following arrangements in place:

    • the ASEAN–China Free Trade Area came into force on 1 January 2010;
    • a comprehensive economic partnership agreement with Japan[12] came into force on 1 December 2008;
    • the ASEAN Korea Free Trade Agreement,[13] the trade in goods provisions came into effect on 1 June 2007, an agreement for trade in services was signed in 2007 and the trade in investments provisions were signed in 2009;[14]
    • a free trade agreement with Australian and New Zealand (jointly) AANZFTA[15] that came into force on 1 January 2010;
    • the ASEAN-India Trade in Goods (TIG) Agreement came into effect on 1 January 2010[16] and the ASEAN-India Trade in Services and Investment Agreements are still under negotiation;[16]

plus China, Japan and South Korea are researching (as at October 2009) a joint arrangement between the three countries (China–Japan–South Korea Free Trade Agreement) with talks hoped to commence in 2012;[17]

plus

China has the following additional arrangements in place:

plus

Japan has the following additional arrangements in place:

plus

South Korea has the following additional arrangements in place:

plus

Australia has the following additional arrangements in place:

plus

India has the following additional arrangements in place:

    • a feasibility study with New Zealand about entry into an arrangement;[31]

plus

multiple additional bilateral arrangements between one or more ASEAN members separately.

In addition individual members of ASEAN may also have other arrangements in place beyond the arrangements negotiated by ASEAN as a bloc i.e., Singapore by itself outside of ASEAN has a series of FTAs.[32]

Overview of current arrangements[edit]

The current status is summarised below.

ASEAN China Japan South Korea Australia New Zealand India
ASEAN
China Concluded
Japan Concluded Proposed
with South
Korea
South Korea Concluded Proposed
with Japan
or bilateral
Proposed
with China
bilateral suspended
Australia Concluded Negotiating Negotiating Negotiating
New Zealand Concluded Concluded Feasibility
Study
Concluded Concluded
India Concluded Proposed Concluded Concluded Negotiating Negotiating

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Asia’s Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership|27 August 2012|East Asia Forum
  2. ^ Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia (Part 1)
  3. ^ Towards Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia
  4. ^ Zhang, Yunling, " How to Realize EAFTA: Views from Joint Expert Group" (2006a, November). Paper presented at the Conference on South Asia-East AsiaEconomic Cooperation and Pan-Asian Integration, Singapore.
  5. ^ Chairman's Statement of the 3rd East Asia Summit Singapore, 21 November 2007 at paragraph 14 Archived 16 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Chairman’s Statement of the 4th East Asia Summit Cha-am Hua Hin, Thailand, 25 October 2009 Archived 27 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Chairman’s Statement of the 12th ASEAN Plus Three Summit Cha-am Hua Hin, Thailand, 24 October 2009 Archived 5 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Chairman’s Statement of the 16th ASEAN Summit “Towards the Asean Community: from Vision to Action" Archived 22 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ India Committed to Regional Integration of CEPEA
  10. ^ Feasibility Study for East Asia Free Trade Area to Begin Archived 16 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Ha Noi Declaration on the commemoration of the fifth anniversary of the EAST ASIA summit Archived 3 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine., paragraph 3
  12. ^ ASEAN-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
  13. ^ Overview of ASEAN Korea (AKFTA) Archived 3 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ ASEAN AND SOUTH KOREA FTA Archived 1 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ ASEAN–Australia–New Zealand Free Trade Agreement Archived 17 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ a b ASEAN-INDIA DIALOGUE RELATIONS Archived 18 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ China, Japan, S. Korea to mull FTA China-Japan-ROK free trade talks 'set for 2012'
  18. ^ ;[1]
  19. ^ [2]
  20. ^ Home Page > China's Free Trade Agreements under Consideration> China-India Regional Archived 14 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ Japan-Korea FTA cornerstone of the East Asian Community
  22. ^ Japan-Republic of Korea Economic Partnership Agreement
  23. ^ Australia-Japan Free Trade Agreement Negotiations Archived 16 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  24. ^ Japan-Australia Economic Partnership Agreement
  25. ^ Japan-India Economic Partnership Agreement
  26. ^ Daniels, Chris (13 May 2008). "High powered push for Japan trade deal". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  27. ^ Australia-Korea Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Negotiations Archived 27 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ Fleming, Grant (16 May 2008). "Clark looks to put Korea in trade bag". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  29. ^ India, South Korea ink free trade pact
  30. ^ Australia-India FTA Feasibility Study Archived 22 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  31. ^ India Free Trade Agreement - New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 5 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ Singapore's FTAs