A concert residency (also known as musical residency or simply residency) is a series of concerts, similar to a concert tour, but only performed at one location. An artist who performs on a concert residency is called a resident performer. Concert residencies have been the staple of the Las Vegas Strip for decades, pioneered by singer-pianist Liberace in the 1940s and Frank Sinatra with the Rat Pack in the 1950s.
According to Billboard, Celine Dion's A New Day... is the most successful concert residency of all time, grossing over US$385 million ($474.72 million in 2019 dollars) and drawing nearly three million people to 717 shows. This commercial success was credited for revitalizing Las Vegas residencies, the city having been known as a place where singers go when their careers are in decline.
According to The Guardian, the concept of a concert residency was established by pianist and singer Liberace with a 1944 debut in Las Vegas. Nearly ten years later, Liberace had his own show at the Riviera Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, which reportedly earned "Mr. Showtime" around $50,000 per week. After years of pursuing other projects in Los Angeles, he returned to Vegas residency and earned around $300,000 a week until he died of AIDS in 1987. CeeLo Green held his 2013 residency, CeeLo Green Presents Loberace, as a tribute to Liberace.
Liberace's 1944 debut was followed by Frank Sinatra with the Rat Pack, and Elvis Presley. In April 1956, Presley began a two-week concert residency at the New Frontier Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas, following the release of his self-titled debut album. His shows were poorly received by the conservative, middle-aged hotel guests—"like a jug of corn liquor at a champagne party," wrote a critic for Newsweek. From 1969 to 1976, Presley performed 837 consecutive sold-out shows at the Hilton Las Vegas, which has since been renamed the Westgate Las Vegas Resort & Casino.
Kurt Melien, vice president of entertainment at Caesars Palace, explained that "Historically, Vegas residencies were more a loss leader event – famous artists playing in small showrooms just to draw in the gambling crowds." In the live music world, Las Vegas used to be known as the place where singers went to die, where they could earn a crust in their twilight years entertaining tourists on the Strip alongside magicians like David Copperfield, or Siegfried & Roy. Music journalist Jim Farber stated, "There used to be a certain element of cheesiness to playing in Vegas. I talked to Cher about that, and she referred to it as an 'elephant graveyard where talent goes to die' — and she was speaking of herself."
Celine Dion revitalized residencies in the 21st century, with the success of her A New Day... residency (2003–2007). Her residency introduced a new form of theatrical entertainment, a fusion of song, performance art, innovative stage craft, and state-of-the-art technology. She managed to popularize the Las Vegas residency as a desirable way for top artists to essentially tour in place, letting their fans come to them. Kurth Meline explained, "Celine was a pioneer without question. Twenty years ago, we couldn't have got someone the stature of Britney Spears to appear in Vegas. Stars like her would never have considered it if Celine hadn't paved the way. She changed the face of modern Vegas." Dion returned to Las Vegas with her second residency, Celine, and performed her record-breaking 1000th show on October 8, 2016.
During the 2010s, many other major performers have followed and accepted residency offers. These include a variety of performers from EDM DJs such as Tiesto and Calvin Harris,  rock bands such as Def Leppard and Aerosmith, to hip hop acts such as Drake and Cardi B. By 2017, a tenth of Forbes Celebrity 100 had signed a residency contract in Las Vegas.
Las Vegas has become the center of concert residencies for decades. New York City has also grown as a destination residency, beginning with Billy Joel at the Madison Square Garden in 2014. American rock band Phish also performed 13-shows residency at the same venue, from July 21 to August 6, 2017. Bruce Springsteen held his 2017–18 residency, Springsteen on Broadway, at the Walter Kerr Theatre in New York City. In August and September 2007, O2 Arena in London held 21 Prince shows. From January to March 2009, Luis Miguel played a run of 25 shows at Auditorio Nacional in Mexico City. Michael Jackson had scheduled 50 concerts in 2009 at The O2 Arena in London, but they were cancelled due to his death.
One of the most successful residency in history is held by Elvis Presley, who performed 636 consecutive shows at the International and Las Vegas Hilton from July 1969 through December 1976. However, the boxscore data for his residency is unavailable. According to Billboard, Celine Dion's A New Day... is the most successful concert residency of all time, grossing over US$385 million ($474.72 million in 2019 dollars) and drawing nearly three million people to 717 shows. Her second residency, Celine, is the second most successful one, generating $296 million from a total of 427 shows between 2011 and 2019. These two residencies made Dion the highest-grossing resident performer of all time.
Following Celine Dion, Elton John has become the second most successful concert resident performer, whose The Red Piano residency grossed a reported $169 million between 2004 and 2009. Another top-selling residency was Britney Spears's Britney: Piece of Me, which began in December 2013 and ended on December 31, 2017, grossing over U$137 million.
Outside of Las Vegas, Bruce Springsteen grossed over $113 million with 236 shows of his New York residency Springsteen on Broadway. Billy Joel has grossed nearly $130 million with his ongoing monthly residency at the Madison Square Garden since 2014.
|Rank||Actual gross||Adjusted gross
(in 2020 dollar)
|Artist||Residency title||Venue||Year(s)||No. of
|1||$385 million||$474.72 million||Celine Dion||A New Day...||The Colosseum at Caesars Palace||2003–07||714||0.53 million|||
|2||$296 million||$296 million||Celine Dion||Celine||The Colosseum at Caesars Palace||2011–19||427||0.65 million|||
|3||$169 million||$201.4 million||Elton John||The Red Piano||The Colosseum at Caesars Palace||2004–09||248||0.68 million|||
|4||$137 million||$142.9 million||Britney Spears||Britney: Piece of Me||The AXIS||2013–17||248||0.55 million|||
|5||$131 million||$133.38 million||Elton John||The Million Dollar Piano||The Colosseum at Caesars Palace||2011–18||189||0.69 million|||
|6||$129.9 million||$132.26 million||Billy Joel||Billy Joel in Concert||Madison Square Garden||2014–18||59||2.2 million|||
|7||$113 million||$115.05 million||Bruce Springsteen||Springsteen on Broadway||Walter Kerr Theatre||2017–18||236||0.48 million|||
|8||$101.9 million||$103.75 million||Jennifer Lopez||Jennifer Lopez: All I Have||Zappos Theater||2016–18||120||0.35 million|||
- McIntyre, Hugh (September 14, 2017). "Forget Vegas, New York City Has Become The New Go-To City For Concert Residencies". Forbes. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- Reuters Staff (November 17, 2016). "Newly engaged Ricky Martin off to Vegas for concert residency". Reuters. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- Olya, Gabrielle (April 11, 2017). "Britney Spears, Beyoncé and More Singers Who Have Slimmed Down and Shaped Up for Concert Residencies and Tours". People. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Paul McCartney 'fancies' O2 concert residency". BBC. December 21, 2009. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- THR Staff (August 7, 2012). "Tim McGraw and Faith Hill to Launch Las Vegas Concert Residency". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- Ganz, Jami (March 14, 2017). "Las Vegas residencies: Here's your guide to summer 2017". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- "Best Resident Performer: Shania Twain". lasvegasweekly.com. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
- "Britney Spears Rakes in Honors at Best of Las Vegas 2017 Awards". billboard.com. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
- Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
- Cragg, Michael (January 19, 2016). "Jennifer Lopez and the changing face of Las Vegas". The Guardian. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- "Notable Las Vegas performance residencies". sfgate.com. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- "Cee Lo Green Takes His Voice to Vegas With Loberace Residency". eonline.com. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- "CeeLo Green Talks Las Vegas Residency, 'Girl Power' Solo Album". Billboard. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- Gilliland, John (1969). "The All American Boy: Enter Elvis and the rock-a-billies" (audio). Pop Chronicles. University of North Texas Libraries.
- Guralnick, Peter. How Did Elvis Get Turned into a Racist?. The New York Times. January 8, 2004 [Retrieved August 11, 2007].
- "Notable Las Vegas performance residencies". sfgate.com. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- Bell, Chris (November 29, 2013). "Why is Las Vegas gambling $15 million on Britney Spears?". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- Pesce, Nicole Lyn. "The multimillion-dollar reason Janet Jackson is going all-in on a Las Vegas residency". MarketWatch. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- "Celine Dion Pays Emotional Tribute To Husband At 1000th Las Vegas Gig". HuffPost UK. October 10, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- "Jennifer Lopez heading to Las Vegas for residency in 2016". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
- Petridis, Alexis (July 17, 2014). "Las Vegas's gamble with dance music". The Guardian. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- "Def Leppard to rock the Las Vegas Strip for 12 shows". reviewjournal.com. February 13, 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- "Drake & Cardi B's Las Vegas Residencies Are A Massive Win For Hip-Hop". HotNewHipHop. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- Cragg, Michael (February 22, 2019). "How Vegas went from musical retirement village to the home of Cardi B". The Guardian. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- Lerner, Rebecca. "Meet The Celeb 100 Stars Cashing In On The Vegas Residency Boom". Forbes. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- Chandler, Adam. "The United States of Billy Joel". theatlantic.com. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- "Prince Kicks Off 21-Concert Residency With Epic Three-Hour Show". rollingstone.com. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- Katsilometes, John (April 26, 2015). "Was number of Elvis' consecutive sold-out shows in Las Vegas 636 or 837? - Las Vegas Sun Newspaper". lasvegassun.com.
- Inc, Nielsen Business Media (October 18, 2008). "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. – via Internet Archive. Cite magazine requires
- "Celine Dion Wraps Historic 16-Year Run in Las Vegas With Record-Breaking $681 Million in Ticket Sales". Billboard. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- Devlin, Mike. "Sir Elton rockets back to Victoria". timescolonist.com. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- Katie Kindelan (September 17, 2013). "Britney Spears Announces Las Vegas Show Live on 'GMA'". ABC News. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- "Britney Spears Piece of Me show top $100 million in ticket sales". Billboard. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- Paulson, Michael (January 2, 2019). "'Hamilton' Leads a Record-Breaking Holiday Week on Broadway" – via NYTimes.com.
- "SPRINGSTEEN ON BROADWAY Broadway Grosses - 2018". www.broadwayworld.com. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
- "Billy Joel's Madison Square Garden Residency Turns 5: $130 Million in the Bank & No Sign Of Stopping". Billboard. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- "Top 10 Highest Grossing Las Vegas Residencies Of All Time: Celine Dion, Britney Spears, Elton John and More". Billboard.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Concert residencies.|