Conneaut, Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Conneaut, Ohio
City
Aerial view of the port at Conneaut
Aerial view of the port at Conneaut
Location of Conneaut, Ohio
Location of Conneaut, Ohio
Country United States
State Ohio
County Ashtabula
Settled 1799
Incorporated 1834 (village)
1902 (city)
Area
 • Total 26.4 sq mi (68.5 km2)
 • Land 26.4 sq mi (68.3 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
ElevationTemplate:GR 646 ft (197 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 12,335
 • Density 473.4/sq mi (182.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code 44030
Area code(s) 440
FIPS code 39-18350Template:GR
GNIS feature ID 1077521Template:GR
Website http://www.conneaut.net/

Conneaut (pronounced /ˈkɒni.ɔːt/ (deprecated template))[1] is a city in Ashtabula County, Ohio, United States, along Lake Erie at the mouth of Conneaut Creek, which is the number one steelhead trout stream in the country. The population was 12,734 at the 2000 census.

History

The city of Conneaut is located on an old Native American trail, later used by early westbound pioneers. The word conneaut comes from the Seneca language, and has a disputed meaning.

A Mississauga village was located at or near Conneaut, c. 1747.[2]

Conneaut is located in the northeasternmost corner of Ohio, bordering the state of Pennsylvania to the east and has 27 square miles (70 km2) within its corporate city limits. The city has been operated under a council-manager government since 1992. The current city manager is Bob Schaumleffel, Jr. It is a mixture of urban areas and rural farmland. The city has over seven miles (11 km) of shoreline along Lake Erie, with beaches, boating facilities and a healthy summer tourist trade. Transportation services Conneaut via Interstate 90, which bisects the city, along with an international shipping port and three railroads. Major industries within the city include CSP of Ohio (formerly Venture Industries), General Aluminum (automotive parts), and CW Ohio (windows and pillars). The city's historic business district and its harbor business district are not as thriving as in the past.

Industry related to the shipping of ores.

Conneaut was originally named "Salem", and the parts surrounding it were named "Lakeville" from 1944–1964, though these were eventually combined into what is now known as "Conneaut". People still refer to parts of Conneaut as Lakeville or Amboy.

Geography

Conneaut is located at 41°56′36″N 80°34′10″W / 41.94333°N 80.56944°W / 41.94333; -80.56944Invalid arguments have been passed to the {{#coordinates:}} function (41.943313, -80.569476)Template:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.4 square miles (68.5 km²), of which, 26.4 square miles (68.3 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.23%) is water. Conneaut is situated along Lake Erie at the mouth of Conneaut Creek.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18402,642
1850818−69.0%
18601,952138.6%
18701,163−40.4%
18801,2568.0%
18903,241158.0%
19007,133120.1%
19108,31916.6%
19209,34312.3%
19309,6913.7%
19409,355−3.5%
195010,2309.4%
196010,5673.3%
197014,55237.7%
198013,839−4.9%
199013,241−4.3%
200012,485−5.7%
Est. 200812,355

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there were 12,485 people, 5,038 households, and 3,410 families residing in the city. The population density was 473.4 people per square mile (182.8/km²). There were 5,710 housing units at an average density of 216.5/sq mi (83.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.33% White, 1.12% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population. 19.7% were of German, 16.0% Italian, 13.7% English, 12.0% Irish, 6.2% American and 6.2% Finnish ancestry according to Census 2000.

Conneaut lighthouse.

There were 5,038 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,717, and the median income for a family was $37,955. Males had a median income of $31,964 versus $21,198 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,703. About 10.7% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable persons

References

Notes

  1. ^ http://scrippsjschool.org/pronunciation/
  2. ^ Tanner, Helen Hornbeck (1987). Atlas of Great Lakes Indian History. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 75. ISBN 0-8061-2056-8. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  3. ^ Apollo 16 Flight Journal: Day 1 Part One

Further reading

  • Ashtabula County Genealogical Society. 1985. Ashtabula County history, then and now : a history of the people of the county. Dallas: Taylor Publishing.
  • Biographical history of northeastern Ohio : embracing the counties of Ashtabula, Geauga and Lake. 1893. Chicago: Lewis Publishing.
  • Borsvald, David. 2003. Railroading in Conneaut, Ohio. Images of Rail. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing. (ISBN 978-0738523460)
  • Clark, Rev. Rufus. 1880. Early History of South Ridge. Published in the Conneaut Reporter starting c. 22 January 1880; Reprint, 1985, Ashtabula County Genealogical Society.
  • Large, Moina M. 1924. History of Ashtabula County, Ohio. 2 vols. Indianapolis, IN: Historical Publishing Co.
  • Owens, David B. 2010. Conneaut. Images of America. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. (ISBN 978-0738577319)
  • Williams, William W. 1878. History of Ashtabula County, Ohio, with illustration and biographical sketches of its pioneers and most prominent men. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott. (Reprint, 1974, Ashtabula Geneaological Society; 1993, Higginson Book Company)

External links